Status
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Gene information
General information
TC033686 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 7425986..7426976
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (2) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC033686
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
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      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_11012

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      Fertility
      mature egg deposition blocked number 1st lateral oviduct: 2 number 2nd lateral oviduct: 3 - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1

      ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2

      previtellogenic egg chamber potentiallynot present - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1

      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC033686 RA
        MVHSLGYQV TSKSLVGQT DLFIPWNQV 
        QSIFINEVI VRHKVIHLL TILTKEKGK 
        EKLIPLFLD LQPRLKHLE IICKHLKSP 
        SS
      • >TC033686 RB
        MFTSKNLSG IETVLKVDK QGKSVIITL 
        EQKVSSLVY KGAVYVIGA VLALVAVYL 
        FLVRNVDVI KYLTAIFLI ILSYQFLGV 
        VYEESLVMV HSLGYQVTS KSLVGQTDL 
        FIPWNQVQS IFINEVIVR HKVIHLLTI 
        LTKEKGKEK LIPLFLDLQ PRLKHLEII 
        CKHLKSPSS
      CDS sequence
      • >TC033686 RA
        atggtgcat tccttggga tatcaggtt acttccaaa 
        agtcttgtc ggtcagaca gatttgttc attccttgg 
        aaccaagta caaagtatt tttattaat gaggttatt 
        gttaggcat aaagtgatt catttgtta actatctta 
        accaaagaa aaaggaaag gaaaagctg ataccttta 
        tttttggat ctacagccg cggctgaaa catttggag 
        ataatttgc aagcattta aaaagtcca agcagctga
      • >TC033686 RB
        atgtttact tctaaaaat ctctccgga attgagacg 
        gttctaaaa gtcgacaag caaggaaaa tcggtgatt 
        ataaccctt gaacaaaaa gtctcgtcg ttggtgtac 
        aagggtgcc gtttatgtg attggggct gtcttggct 
        ctagttgct gtttattta tttcttgtg agaaatgtg 
        gacgttatt aagtatctc actgccatt tttcttatt 
        atcttgtca tatcaattt ttaggggtg gtttatgaa 
        gagtcgtta gtgatggtg cattccttg ggatatcag 
        gttacttcc aaaagtctt gtcggtcag acagatttg 
        ttcattcct tggaaccaa gtacaaagt atttttatt 
        aatgaggtt attgttagg cataaagtg attcatttg 
        ttaactatc ttaaccaaa gaaaaagga aaggaaaag 
        ctgatacct ttatttttg gatctacag ccgcggctg 
        aaacatttg gagataatt tgcaagcat ttaaaaagt 
        ccaagcagc tga
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC033686 RA
        cgtcaaaaa ataaacata acctcagaa gatcctctg 
        aagtgtcca aaacctgtg atcattaaa aacttatct 
        aaaatgctt ccgttatgg tcaaatacg ccgtcagta 
        aagcgaaaa tgtttactt ctaaaaatc tctccggaa 
        ttgagacgg ttctaaaag tcgacaagc aaggaaaat 
        cggtgatta taacccttg aacaaaaag tctcgtcgt 
        tggtgtaca agggtgccg tttatgtga ttggggctg 
        tcttggctc tagttgctg tttatttat ttcttgtga 
        gaaatgtgg acgttatta agtatctca ctgccattt 
        ttcttatta tcttgtcat atcaatttt taggggtgg 
        tttatgaag gtttggggt catttatat tgaggccgt 
        tttttaact taccgaatt tttagagtc gttagtgat 
        ggtgcattc cttgggata tcaggttac ttccaaaag 
        tcttgtcgg tcagacaga tttgttcat tccttggaa 
        ccaagtaca aagtatttt tattaatga ggttattgt 
        taggcataa agtgattca tttgttaac tatcttaac 
        caaagaaaa aggaaagga aaagctgat acctttatt 
        tttggatct acagccgcg gctgaaaca tttggagat 
        aatttgcaa gcatttaaa aagtccaag cagctgata 
        gtactgatt tcctctacc tcttgagta taactgcta 
        tacgttttt tattgagta ttatttatt tgtttttag 
        agtttgccg tgtaggtat tttaaaact gcataaaga 
        gttttaatc ataaattac tgttagtta ttttttgtg 
        gttcattgt tttatattg taaataatt tggttaatg 
        taggcaacc aacaataca ttttttaaa tcaaa
      • >TC033686 RB
        cgtcaaaaa ataaacata acctcagaa gatcctctg 
        aagtgtcca aaacctgtg atcattaaa aacttatct 
        aaaatgctt ccgttatgg tcaaatacg ccgtcagta 
        aagcgaaaa tgtttactt ctaaaaatc tctccggaa 
        ttgagacgg ttctaaaag tcgacaagc aaggaaaat 
        cggtgatta taacccttg aacaaaaag tctcgtcgt 
        tggtgtaca agggtgccg tttatgtga ttggggctg 
        tcttggctc tagttgctg tttatttat ttcttgtga 
        gaaatgtgg acgttatta agtatctca ctgccattt 
        ttcttatta tcttgtcat atcaatttt taggggtgg 
        tttatgaag agtcgttag tgatggtgc attccttgg 
        gatatcagg ttacttcca aaagtcttg tcggtcaga 
        cagatttgt tcattcctt ggaaccaag tacaaagta 
        tttttatta atgaggtta ttgttaggc ataaagtga 
        ttcatttgt taactatct taaccaaag aaaaaggaa 
        aggaaaagc tgatacctt tatttttgg atctacagc 
        cgcggctga aacatttgg agataattt gcaagcatt 
        taaaaagtc caagcagct gatagtact gatttcctc 
        tacctcttg agtataact gctatacgt tttttattg 
        agtattatt tatttgttt ttagagttt gccgtgtag 
        gtattttaa aactgcata aagagtttt aatcataaa 
        ttactgtta gttattttt tgtggttca ttgttttat 
        attgtaaat aatttggtt aatgtaggc aaccaacaa 
        tacattttt taaatcaaa
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY