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Gene information
General information
TC003810 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 20949478..20952522
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003810
    iBeetle screen iB_10988

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature potentially randompattern not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva everted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva partially potentiallyeverted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head capsule not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head appendages position irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003810 RA
      MLRAVLIDL SGTLHIENQ AIPGAVEAL KKLLATNLT 
      IKFVTNTTK ESQNFLYNR LTNLGFPIK KEQIFSSLA 
      AAKTLITNR QLKPLLLLS PEALEDFEG LGCPVENNP 
      NAVVIGLAP NEFHYERLN DAFRCLLNG AELIAIHCG 
      KYYKRKDGL ALGPGCFVK GLEYSAQCT ATVVGKPQK 
      MFFHSALGD INPAQAVMI GDDVTDDVE GAMKAGIRG 
      FLVQTGKYQ PGDEKKIST PPDAVVPSF VEAVEKILQ 
      EINK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003810 RA
      atgttgcgt gcagttctg atcgattta agtggcacc 
      ctccacatt gaaaatcaa gctattcca ggggctgtt 
      gaagcctta aaaaagtta cttgcgacc aatctcacc 
      atcaagttt gtcacaaat accacaaaa gaaagccaa 
      aactttcta tacaaccgg cttacaaat ttgggcttt 
      cccataaaa aaagaacaa attttcagt tctttagct 
      gcagcgaag acgcttatt accaatcga caactaaag 
      cctttactc cttctctcc cccgaagca ctggaggat 
      tttgaagga cttggatgt cctgtggaa aataaccca 
      aatgctgtg gttattggt ttagcacca aatgagttc 
      cattatgaa agattaaat gatgcattt aggtgcttg 
      ctaaacggt gctgaacta attgctatt cattgtggg 
      aagtattat aaacggaaa gacggttta gcgttaggt 
      cctgggtgt tttgtcaaa gggttggaa tactcagca 
      caatgcact gctacggtt gttggaaaa ccgcaaaaa 
      atgttcttc cattcggcc ttgggtgat ataaatcca 
      gcccaagct gttatgatt ggtgatgac gtaactgat 
      gatgtagaa ggggcaatg aaggctggt atcagggga 
      tttttggtg caaacagga aagtatcaa ccaggtgac 
      gagaagaaa atttccacg ccaccagat gccgtcgtg 
      cctagtttt gttgaagca gtagaaaaa atattacag 
      gaaattaat aaatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003810 RA
      gctaacctc aaactcagt gaattgcct ttaaattgt 
      aatcatgtt gcgtgcagt tctgatcga tttaagtgg 
      caccctcca cattgaaaa tcaagctat tccaggggc 
      tgttgaagc cttaaaaaa gttacttgc gaccaatct 
      caccatcaa gtttgtcac aaataccac aaaagaaag 
      ccaaaactt tctatacaa ccggcttac aaatttggg 
      ctttcccat aaaaaaaga acaaatttt cagttcttt 
      agctgcagc gaagacgct tattaccaa tcgacaact 
      aaagccttt actccttct ctcccccga agcactgga 
      ggattttga aggacttgg atgtcctgt ggaaaataa 
      cccaaatgc tgtggttat tggtttagc accaaatga 
      gttccatta tgaaagatt aaatgatgc atttaggtg 
      cttgctaaa cggtgctga actaattgc tattcattg 
      tgggaagta ttataaacg gaaagacgg tttagcgtt 
      aggtcctgg gtgttttgt caaagggtt ggaatactc 
      agcacaatg cactgctac ggttgttgg aaaaccgca 
      aaaaatgtt cttccattc ggccttggg tgatataaa 
      tccagccca agctgttat gattggtga tgacgtaac 
      tgatgatgt agaaggggc aatgaaggc tggtatcag 
      gggattttt ggtgcaaac aggaaagta tcaaccagg 
      tgacgagaa gaaaatttc cacgccacc agatgccgt 
      cgtgcctag ttttgttga agcagtaga aaaaatatt 
      acaggaaat taataaatg aatacctcg gtatgttaa 
      gataatatt tattaaaat tgttataga aaaacgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY