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Gene information
General information
TC014391 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 10002233..10003409
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014391
    iBeetle screen iB_10542

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature random not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    larva dorsal pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    head appendages partially randomnot present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    abdomen random number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014391 RA
      MKLSLVAFL CVALVALAL AKKPATKFV TKKDFSGRI 
      IGGETANAG QFPSAAAIY VSTKEGTYF CGGSLIDEL 
      WVLTAAHCI SGGVAFQVL LGSTTLQGT DPNRVILAT 
      STSVLHPDF NPDTLENDV GLIKFHLPV TYTDYIKPI 
      YLPTVDLID NLDSTAIGW GQISDETAG LANELNYVT 
      VTTIPNDEC QLSFANTIF KTMVCVAGN YNEGTCRGD 
      SGSPLMTTL NHHHWHLGI STFISTNGC ETPDPSGYT 
      RTFPYVDWI KNVTQIP
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014391 RA
      atgaaactt tcgctcgtt gctttccta tgtgtggcc 
      ctcgtggcc cttgctttg gcaaaaaaa cccgccact 
      aaattcgtc accaagaaa gattttagt ggccgcatc 
      atcggcggt gagaccgcc aatgctgga cagttccca 
      tcggcagct gccatctac gtaagtacc aaggaaggg 
      acttacttc tgcggtggt tccctcatt gacgagctg 
      tgggttcta acagccgcc cattgcatc tctggtggg 
      gtagcgttc caagttttg ctggggtcc accaccttg 
      caaggaact gaccccaac cgggtgatt ttggccacg 
      tcaacttca gttctccat cccgatttc aaccctgac 
      acgctggag aatgatgtg ggacttatc aagttccat 
      ctcccagtc acttacact gactacatt aagcccatt 
      tatctcccg actgtggac cttattgat aatttggac 
      agcaccgcc attggctgg gggcaaatc agtgatgaa 
      accgctggt cttgccaac gaacttaac tacgtaacc 
      gttaccacg atccccaat gatgagtgc cagttgagt 
      tttgctaac actattttc aagactatg gtttgtgtg 
      gctgggaat tacaacgag ggtacttgc cggggtgat 
      agcggtagt cctttgatg acgacgctg aatcaccat 
      cactggcac ctgggaatt tccaccttt atcagtacc 
      aacgggtgc gagactcca gacccatct gggtacact 
      agaacgttc ccgtacgtt gactggatt aagaatgtc 
      acccaaatc ccctaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014391 RA
      tcagagata atttttgca aatataaaa gctactgcc 
      actattccc agcaacact cccgccaaa atgaaactt 
      tcgctcgtt gctttccta tgtgtggcc ctcgtggcc 
      cttgctttg gcaaaaaaa cccgccact aaattcgtc 
      accaagaaa gattttagt ggccgcatc atcggcggt 
      gagaccgcc aatgctgga cagttccca tcggcagct 
      gccatctac gtaagtacc aaggaaggg acttacttc 
      tgcggtggt tccctcatt gacgagctg tgggttcta 
      acagccgcc cattgcatc tctggtggg gtagcgttc 
      caagttttg ctggggtcc accaccttg caaggaact 
      gaccccaac cgggtgatt ttggccacg tcaacttca 
      gttctccat cccgatttc aaccctgac acgctggag 
      aatgatgtg ggacttatc aagttccat ctcccagtc 
      acttacact gactacatt aagcccatt tatctcccg 
      actgtggac cttattgat aatttggac agcaccgcc 
      attggctgg gggcaaatc agtgatgaa accgctggt 
      cttgccaac gaacttaac tacgtaacc gttaccacg 
      atccccaat gatgagtgc cagttgagt tttgctaac 
      actattttc aagactatg gtttgtgtg gctgggaat 
      tacaacgag ggtacttgc cggggtgat agcggtagt 
      cctttgatg acgacgctg aatcaccat cactggcac 
      ctgggaatt tccaccttt atcagtacc aacgggtgc 
      gagactcca gacccatct gggtacact agaacgttc 
      ccgtacgtt gactggatt aagaatgtc acccaaatc 
      ccctaaatt ttgagattt ttaatagat aagcaagtg 
      tttgtatta aagttttaa caataaata ctaccgacc 
      tgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY