Status
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Gene information
General information
TC003118 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 1425509..1427436
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003118
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_10519

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult nutritional state bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003118 RA
      MSSASSQRL CGRTAIVTA STEGIGFAI AQRFAQEGA 
      KVIISSRKE KNVEAAVSK LKSEGLDVC GLVCHVSNS 
      EHRKKLFEK ATGGLDILV SNAAVNPSA TAVLDCDEK 
      AWDKIFDVN VKAAFMLAK EALPLLRKS SCGRIIFIS 
      SIGGFQPLD LIGAYCVSK CALFGLTKT AAAQLAKEN 
      ITVNCIAPG LIKTKFSHF LVEKEEDKK KVLSMIPMG 
      RMGMPHEIA GAAAFLASD DASYMTGET IVVAGGMLS 
      RL
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003118 RA
      atgagttcg gcttcctca cagcgtctt tgtggcaga 
      acagcaata gttacggca tcgaccgaa ggaatcggt 
      tttgcgatt gcccaacgt tttgcacaa gaaggagca 
      aaggtgata atcagcagc cgcaaggaa aagaatgtc 
      gaagcggcg gtttctaaa ttaaaatcg gaaggtttg 
      gacgtttgt gggctcgta tgtcatgtc tccaattca 
      gaacaccgt aaaaaattg ttcgaaaag gcaacaggg 
      ggtttagat attttggtc tccaatgct gctgtaaac 
      ccctcggca acggcggtc ttggactgt gacgaaaaa 
      gcgtgggac aaaattttc gatgtaaac gtgaaagct 
      gctttcatg ttagcgaaa gaagcttta ccgttactt 
      cgcaaaagt agctgcggt cgaattatt ttcatctcg 
      tccattggt ggtttccag cctttggat ttgattggg 
      gcttactgt gtgagcaag tgtgcactc tttggactc 
      actaaaaca gcagcagcc cagttagct aaagaaaat 
      atcaccgtt aattgcata gccccgggt ttaataaaa 
      accaagttt tcgcacttt ctggtcgag aaagaggaa 
      gacaaaaag aaagtttta tcaatgatt ccgatggga 
      agaatggga atgccacat gaaatagct ggcgcagct 
      gcattttta gcatcagac gacgccagt tacatgact 
      ggggaaaca attgtagta gcaggtggc atgctatca 
      agattataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003118 RA
      ttcaggaca atgagttcg gcttcctca cagcgtctt 
      tgtggcaga acagcaata gttacggca tcgaccgaa 
      ggaatcggt tttgcgatt gcccaacgt tttgcacaa 
      gaaggagca aaggtgata atcagcagc cgcaaggaa 
      aagaatgtc gaagcggcg gtttctaaa ttaaaatcg 
      gaaggtttg gacgtttgt gggctcgta tgtcatgtc 
      tccaattca gaacaccgt aaaaaattg ttcgaaaag 
      gcaacaggg ggtttagat attttggtc tccaatgct 
      gctgtaaac ccctcggca acggcggtc ttggactgt 
      gacgaaaaa gcgtgggac aaaattttc gatgtaaac 
      gtgaaagct gctttcatg ttagcgaaa gaagcttta 
      ccgttactt cgcaaaagt agctgcggt cgaattatt 
      ttcatctcg tccattggt ggtttccag cctttggat 
      ttgattggg gcttactgt gtgagcaag tgtgcactc 
      tttggactc actaaaaca gcagcagcc cagttagct 
      aaagaaaat atcaccgtt aattgcata gccccgggt 
      ttaataaaa accaagttt tcgcacttt ctggtcgag 
      aaagaggaa gacaaaaag aaagtttta tcaatgatt 
      ccgatggga agaatggga atgccacat gaaatagct 
      ggcgcagct gcattttta gcatcagac gacgccagt 
      tacatgact ggggaaaca attgtagta gcaggtggc 
      atgctatca agattataa ataaatgaa tcaaccaac 
      cattgtacg cttccggcc cctagcttg cacttcttt 
      aaatttagc caaaacttc cttaaaccc tgacttatt 
      ctctaattt atagccctc caaaacttg gtcaaaaat 
      ttcactagc tgtgctatg tgtactgat aagggctcg 
      ttccaacac gtacaaatc aaccccttt atcttcagc 
      gctagactc tacgtgaga taatccaaa atcaataaa 
      aatcagctc taaatcttg caagttact gtacgactt 
      ttgtccgtt tttattaac aagtagcat gtttgatgt 
      tgtcaagtc cccgtgaat gatgctatt ggcatgcat 
      tttgcccaa cacagcccc aatttttaa cgccaactt 
      acttataac ttcgttact tgcttgtgc tatgaaatc 
      cttgaccac gatactgtt ctcaaagta ctccataaa 
      aatagtacg gcggttgaa atcaactaa atataaggc 
      gggggtcct tattccggc agatttaca ccgaattat 
      tgaacgact ttcactttt tatccgttc tttggtcaa 
      gtgtgagtc aagatccgg atgccggta tttcttaac 
      gaatcgttc tttggcaat tgcgggttt tcccaaata 
      cactccttt gaagattcg gccctcggc accttgtct 
      gaacaattc gaacccttc catttgcag tagttttta 
      actaattcc agttttcac tcttgctgt tgacacaaa 
      aaagtgagg ttacgtaat tgtaaatat ttattgtta 
      attacgagc tgatcaatt atgtttatc gttccatta 
      cactgatta ctctaagac attacaatt tccaatttt 
      ttgtattaa tattactca ataacaaaa aattctact 
      cacacgttc aactgaacg tgacattta tggg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY