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Gene information
General information
TC001772 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007416.3: 7760542..7761436
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC001772
    iBeetle screen iB_10516

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with muscle fluorescence/pattern, but not hatched (pot. late embryonic lethality) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head appendages shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC001772 RA
      MRFNDRELV TVGESKPDL EGILHHMKP 
      QANDWSDWY QQPSFKERH FKLIANLLY 
      YYRVNASEQ EQQQPLGVL VLENAQVAY 
      ERPHKGIPF AFSITFKVN DKFKDNEAK 
      HIFSCRCDA DVNKWVSAL KMHSYEYWR 
      CQYIILKTK ISMKTGQDP ILDYMRSKN 
      PSGSQAKKV EVKKVRNKE KKSTFCSHL 
      ESSTFFESS YTETKVVTK TSNIAVDNL 
      IDL
    CDS sequence
    • >TC001772 RA
      atgcggttc aacgatagg gagttagtg acagtgggt 
      gagagcaag ccagacttg gagggaatc cttcaccac 
      atgaagccc caagccaac gattggtcc gactggtac 
      cagcagccc tcatttaaa gagagacat ttcaaactg 
      attgcgaat ttgttgtat tattaccgg gtgaacgcc 
      agcgaacaa gagcagcaa cagcccctt ggggtccta 
      gtcttagaa aacgcacaa gtggcttac gagaggccc 
      cacaaaggg attcctttc gccttttcc atcacattt 
      aaagtaaac gataagttt aaagataat gaagcgaaa 
      catattttt tcgtgtcgt tgcgacgcc gacgtaaac 
      aaatgggtg tcagccttg aaaatgcac tcatatgag 
      tactggagg tgccagtac atcatcctc aagacgaaa 
      attagcatg aagacggga caagacccc attttggac 
      tacatgagg agtaagaat cccagcggc agccaggcg 
      aaaaaagtg gaggtgaaa aaagtgaga aacaaggaa 
      aagaaatcg acgttttgc agtcacctg gaaagttcc 
      acctttttt gagagtagt tacacggaa accaaagtt 
      gttactaaa acgagtaac attgctgtg gataattta 
      atagatttg taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC001772 RA
      agacgtcaa aaagttagg ctatgttta cagaattaa 
      tattccaaa taatgtagc ccctgccaa aattttccc 
      cagtgcgcc taaaaataa gtgtatttg tgaaaatgc 
      ggttcaacg atagggagt tagtgacag tgggtgaga 
      gcaagccag acttggagg gaatccttc accacatga 
      agccccaag ccaacgatt ggtccgact ggtaccagc 
      agccctcat ttaaagaga gacatttca aactgattg 
      cgaatttgt tgtattatt accgggtga acgccagcg 
      aacaagagc agcaacagc cccttgggg tcctagtct 
      tagaaaacg cacaagtgg cttacgaga ggccccaca 
      aagggattc ctttcgcct tttccatca catttaaag 
      taaacgata agtttaaag ataatgaag cgaaacata 
      ttttttcgt gtcgttgcg acgccgacg taaacaaat 
      gggtgtcag ccttgaaaa tgcactcat atgagtact 
      ggaggtgcc agtacatca tcctcaaga cgaaaatta 
      gcatgaaga cgggacaag accccattt tggactaca 
      tgaggagta agaatccca gcggcagcc aggcgaaaa 
      aagtggagg tgaaaaaag tgagaaaca aggaaaaga 
      aatcgacgt tttgcagtc acctggaaa gttccacct 
      tttttgaga gtagttaca cggaaacca aagttgtta 
      ctaaaacga gtaacattg ctgtggata atttaatag 
      atttgtaat tattaccaa gatctcttg cctcaggtc 
      agtgtcaaa aaattgtag cttttattg taatatatt 
      tatttattt atgtaacta gatacaaat caaggaaca 
      aaacgacaa atgcactta attttggcc taac
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY