Status
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Gene information
General information
TC015726 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 5777987..5780450
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015726
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_10222

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 80.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality immediately after eclosion - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015726 RA
      MGDTSDLDR QIEQLKRCE TIKECEVKA LCAKAREIL 
      VEESNVQRV DSPVTVCGD IHGQFYDLK ELFKVGGDV 
      PETNYLFMG DFVDRGFYS VETFLLLLA LKVRYPDRI 
      TLIRGNHES RQITQVYGF YDECLRKYG SITVWRYCT 
      EIFDYLSLS AIIDGKIFC VHGGLSPSI QTLDQIRVI 
      DRKQEVPHD GPMCDLLWS DPEDTQGWG VSPRGAGYL 
      FGSDVVAQF NAANDIDMI CRAHQLVME GYKWHFNET 
      VLTVWSAPN YCYRCGNVA AILELNEHL QRDFTIFEA 
      APQETRGVP SKKPQADYF L
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015726 RA
      atgggcgat accagcgat ttagaccgg caaatcgaa 
      cagttgaaa aggtgcgaa acgatcaag gaatgcgag 
      gttaaggcg ctgtgtgcg aaagctagg gaaattctt 
      gttgaagag agcaatgtt cagagggtt gattccccg 
      gttacggtt tgtggcgac atacacggc cagttttac 
      gacctgaag gagctcttc aaagtgggg ggcgacgtc 
      cccgaaacg aactacctg ttcatgggg gactttgtc 
      gatcgtggg ttttacagt gttgagacg ttcctcctg 
      ctactagcc ttaaaagtt aggtacccc gaccgcatc 
      accttaata cgaggcaat cacgagtcg cgtcaaata 
      acccaagtt tacggattt tacgacgag tgtttacgc 
      aaatacggc tccataacc gtatggcgg tattgcacc 
      gaaattttc gattacctc tcactttcg gctatcatt 
      gatggcaaa attttctgt gttcacggg gggctgtcg 
      ccctccatc caaacccta gatcaaatc agagtcatc 
      gaccggaaa caggaagta ccacacgac ggaccaatg 
      tgcgacctg ttatggagc gaccctgaa gatacccaa 
      ggttggggc gtgtcgccc cgaggggcg ggctatctg 
      ttcggttcc gacgtcgtg gcccagttt aacgccgcc 
      aacgacatt gacatgatc tgtcgagcg catcagctg 
      gtcatggag ggctacaag tggcacttt aacgagact 
      gtgctgaca gtgtggtca gctccaaat tattgctac 
      aggtgtggc aacgttgcc gcaattttg gaactgaac 
      gagcatctg caacgtgat tttacgatt tttgaagcg 
      gcgcctcag gaaactcga ggcgtgcca tcgaaaaaa 
      ccacaagct gattatttt ctgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015726 RA
      cccaataaa attacctga aacaatgag ggcttcatt 
      cggtcccac cgtatggat atttcccat gtctcccaa 
      cacctcggc accacacac acagtcaca aaccctcca 
      caaaacccc cttaaaatt tcaggttaa acatgaaaa 
      aactccgct ttaattttt taagccgta atcatacta 
      cgacctact gcctaacgc aggcgcacc aactttatt 
      taaacaacc ctaaacgca atttctccc caatttaac 
      cgtccaccg tcgctttcc tgccgaaat aagggttga 
      gaacgtgcg cagagtagc gtcggtggc gacacgacg 
      ccgccgctc aattgacat ttgtgagtc agccaatcg 
      gacgtatgt ctgagatta gggcatcgg ggtgctgtg 
      attagtggc tttggtggg ggctttttc gaactttta 
      ttggaaaaa ggcacaatg ggcgatacc agcgattta 
      gaccggcaa atcgaacag ttgaaaagg tgcgaaacg 
      atcaaggaa tgcgaggtt aaggcgctg tgtgcgaaa 
      gctagggaa attcttgtt gaagagagc aatgttcag 
      agggttgat tccccggtt acggtttgt ggcgacata 
      cacggccag ttttacgac ctgaaggag ctcttcaaa 
      gtggggggc gacgtcccc gaaacgaac tacctgttc 
      atgggggac tttgtcgat cgtgggttt tacagtgtt 
      gagacgttc ctcctgcta ctagcctta aaagttagg 
      taccccgac cgcatcacc ttaatacga ggcaatcac 
      gagtcgcgt caaataacc caagtttac ggattttac 
      gacgagtgt ttacgcaaa tacggctcc ataaccgta 
      tggcggtat tgcaccgaa attttcgat tacctctca 
      ctttcggct atcattgat ggcaaaatt ttctgtgtt 
      cacgggggg ctgtcgccc tccatccaa accctagat 
      caaatcaga gtcatcgac cggaaacag gaagtacca 
      cacgacgga ccaatgtgc gacctgtta tggagcgac 
      cctgaagat acccaaggt tggggcgtg tcgccccga 
      ggggcgggc tatctgttc ggttccgac gtcgtggcc 
      cagtttaac gccgccaac gacattgac atgatctgt 
      cgagcgcat cagctggtc atggagggc tacaagtgg 
      cactttaac gagactgtg ctgacagtg tggtcagct 
      ccaaattat tgctacagg tgtggcaac gttgccgca 
      attttggaa ctgaacgag catctgcaa cgtgatttt 
      acgattttt gaagcggcg cctcaggaa actcgaggc 
      gtgccatcg aaaaaacca caagctgat tattttctg 
      taatagttt agttgttct tttataatt gtaatatac 
      atattatac tcttggtca tctgttaat tcataatta 
      attcatcag ttgtagtta cgtattttt tcatggtct 
      tcaattatg tttaagaca gtttttgtt ccagttgtc 
      gatttatcc ctctattga cttcgaaat tctaaaact 
      gtacttata gtgaattta tttatttaa aaccatgta 
      ttgtaccat ttgcagact gccaaaata cattttttt 
      gtaaaat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY