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Gene information
General information
TC033097 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 7411071..7412083
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033097
    iBeetle screen iB_10020

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033097 RA
      MSGNVIKCV AVGDGFVGK TTLLMRLCG 
      KEIDKNYTP TIFENHSIS TVHNGQNYD 
      IVLFDTAGQ EDYSLLRKQ VYESADVFL 
      ICFDVTNAS SFANVKTVW IPEIEEIGI 
      SQQAKILLG TKCDLRCDP ETIDRLNAN 
      REIFISENM AKKLAESHN MKYVECSAF 
      IEKNTQHVV QTILEVYKA IPPEIQKSS 
      TPSVCCINP VLRLIQRVI CCKNNY
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033097 RA
      atgagcgga aatgtgatc aaatgtgtt gctgtgggg 
      gacggtttt gttggcaaa acgactctg cttatgagg 
      ttatgtgga aaagaaatt gataaaaat tacacacca 
      accatattt gagaatcac tccataagt actgtacac 
      aatggacag aactatgat attgtactt tttgacaca 
      gctggccag gaagactat agcctgtta aggaaacaa 
      gtttatgaa tctgcggat gtgttttta atatgcttt 
      gatgttaca aacgcgagt tctttcgca aatgttaaa 
      acagtctgg ataccggaa atcgaagaa atcgggata 
      agccaacaa gcgaaaatt ttattggga acaaaatgt 
      gatctgcgc tgtgatcct gaaacgatc gatcggcta 
      aatgccaat cgtgagatt ttcatcagt gaaaatatg 
      gcaaaaaaa ctggccgaa agtcacaac atgaaatac 
      gtagaatgc tcggcattt atagaaaaa aatacacaa 
      catgtagtg caaactata ttggaagtg tacaaggca 
      ataccaccg gaaattcaa aagagcagc acaccttcc 
      gtctgctgt atcaaccca gttttgcgg ctaatccaa 
      agagtaatt tgttgtaaa aacaattat tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033097 RA
      gcgagataa gtgatgctt ttaacgaaa gataaagca 
      ttttatgta aaacgtttt aatgtaaat tgttatagt 
      tataataaa aaatgagcg gaaatgtga tcaaatgtg 
      ttgctgtgg gggacggtt ttgttggca aaacgactc 
      tgcttatga ggttatgtg gaaaagaaa ttgataaaa 
      attacacac caaccatat ttgagaatc actccataa 
      gtactgtac acaatggac agaactatg atattgtac 
      tttttgaca cagctggcc aggaagact atagcctgt 
      taaggaaac aagtttatg aatctgcgg atgtgtttt 
      taatatgct ttgatgtta caaacgcga gttctttcg 
      caaatgtta aaacagtct ggataccgg aaatcgaag 
      aaatcggga taagccaac aagcgaaaa ttttattgg 
      gaacaaaat gtgatctgc gctgtgatc ctgaaacga 
      tcgatcggc taaatgcca atcgtgaga ttttcatca 
      gtgaaaata tggcaaaaa aactggccg aaagtcaca 
      acatgaaat acgtagaat gctcggcat ttatagaaa 
      aaaatacac aacatgtag tgcaaacta tattggaag 
      tgtacaagg caataccac cggaaattc aaaagagca 
      gcacacctt ccgtctgct gtatcaacc cagttttgc 
      ggctaatcc aaagagtaa tttgttgta aaaacaatt 
      attagccac tgaaatgtg tgatttgtc ttgaggcat 
      tgtgatatt atttgttgt caataaaga atattttat 
      ttg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY