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Gene information
General information
TC014033 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 4529025..4530442
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014033
    iBeetle screen iB_09991

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Adult morphology
    abdominal odoriferous glands colour darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (13 dpi)
    Days post injection



    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    cuticle remnants - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva circumference decreased -
    larva bristle mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    larva dorsal bent - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head appendages shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head appendages potentially randomnot present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    legs size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    legs podomer potentially fused - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen circumference decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    posterior terminus not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen segment potentially number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014033 RA
      MKISAKRLG KILLFYSVF YTILGVFAA AMFTIFLKT 
      LDDRAPKWQ LDKSLIGSN PGLSIKPPF PDNIIAYKS 
      NDPKQISGL RQQLDEFLA PYFEKHDNV QDCDNKKFP 
      DEGKVCDFT IKDFSPCVP ETNYSYGRA DAGPCVFLK 
      INKIFGWVP ETYNETDLP QFIENFSFQ RNKIWVTCE 
      PQNRNDAEN IGPRFYYPD SAFESKYFP FTNTRGYLS 
      PLVAVFFEN PKRGVLIKV ECKLWAKNI HHDAKNSKG 
      VVRFALLID
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014033 RA
      atgaaaatt tcagccaaa agacttgga aaaatccta 
      ttattctac tcggttttt tacacaatc cttggcgtt 
      ttcgccgct gcaatgttc acaattttt ctcaaaaca 
      ctagatgat cgggcccca aaatggcaa ctggataaa 
      tcactgatc ggaagcaat ccaggttta agcatcaaa 
      ccgccattt cctgacaac ataattgcg tacaaaagt 
      aacgacccc aaacaaata tcaggttta agacagcaa 
      ctcgatgag tttttggct ccatatttt gaaaaacac 
      gataatgtt caagactgt gacaacaaa aaatttcca 
      gatgaagga aaagtttgt gattttacc attaaagat 
      ttcagtccc tgtgtccct gaaactaat tacagttac 
      ggcagagct gatgccggg ccttgcgtt ttcctgaaa 
      attaataaa atttttgga tgggtgcct gaaacttac 
      aacgagact gatttacca cagttcata gaaaatttc 
      agctttcag cgcaacaaa atatgggta acttgcgag 
      ccccaaaat cggaacgat gctgaaaat attggcccc 
      cgcttctat tatcccgac tcagctttt gagtcaaag 
      tacttccct tttacaaac actcgcgga tatttaagc 
      ccgctagtt gctgtattt ttcgaaaac ccgaaacga 
      ggtgtgctg atcaaagtc gagtgcaag ctgtgggca 
      aaaaacatt caccacgat gccaaaaat agcaaaggg 
      gttgtccgt tttgcatta ttaatagac taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014033 RA
      gagattaaa aactggtcc attgtgagt gcagttaaa 
      aattgcaat gaaaatttc agccaaaag acttggaaa 
      aatcctatt attctactc ggtttttta cacaatcct 
      tggcgtttt cgccgctgc aatgttcac aatttttct 
      caaaacact agatgatcg ggccccaaa atggcaact 
      ggataaatc actgatcgg aagcaatcc aggtttaag 
      catcaaacc gccatttcc tgacaacat aattgcgta 
      caaaagtaa cgaccccaa acaaatatc aggtttaag 
      acagcaact cgatgagtt tttggctcc atattttga 
      aaaacacga taatgttca agactgtga caacaaaaa 
      atttccaga tgaaggaaa agtttgtga ttttaccat 
      taaagattt cagtccctg tgtccctga aactaatta 
      cagttacgg cagagctga tgccgggcc ttgcgtttt 
      cctgaaaat taataaaat ttttggatg ggtgcctga 
      aacttacaa cgagactga tttaccaca gttcataga 
      aaatttcag ctttcagcg caacaaaat atgggtaac 
      ttgcgagcc ccaaaatcg gaacgatgc tgaaaatat 
      tggcccccg cttctatta tcccgactc agcttttga 
      gtcaaagta cttcccttt tacaaacac tcgcggata 
      tttaagccc gctagttgc tgtattttt cgaaaaccc 
      gaaacgagg tgtgctgat caaagtcga gtgcaagct 
      gtgggcaaa aaacattca ccacgatgc caaaaatag 
      caaaggggt tgtccgttt tgcattatt aatagacta 
      aaaaagatg gaattttaa aaaagcaac aatcgcaat 
      aaaaatgaa aattcttgg cacacgtgc tacacaggt 
      tttacacgc tttattatt atcagagtt tcagttgtt 
      accggtttg ggcttgcaa tggttgaga ttaaaaaac 
      ttgttccga ttgaaagca ctccaatct ggtttcaat 
      ccgattaat ctgataatt gaattacat taaaaataa 
      tattattcg caattaatt cagaaaagg ggaaagttt 
      tccttgaag catttttag ttttgctgc gatgttcat 
      tcagtaatt gtggtgttt ggggaccaa ataaataaa 
      aattacatc taaat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY