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Gene information
General information
TC013815 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 3618735..3621639
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013815
    iBeetle screen iB_09984

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013815 RA
      MWIWQKLPF VVLLTLSSS KGLALHNYA PAHEYKPSA 
      DYSFSYGVK DLHTGDVKH QWEKKDGDI VRGHYSVLE 
      PDGSVRIVD YTADGKNGF NAVVKHSGP AQHPISHKE 
      NNLKPEFDQ NEVKHYVFV PQEEEEETE ESIKVNQVQ 
      IPAKYYHKP TYDDFKTTR LPVDLNFVK QTTEKIVPI 
      DVSQLYPIE IDLSQQASP HELTQEELR KFLREYYNS 
      GPENLNQPQ LEHGFKPIK PIKPARQTY KSNKKPVTT 
      PGLRNYASR NPKYHLRHQ T
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013815 RA
      atgtggata tggcagaag ttaccattt gtcgtcttg 
      ttgactctc tcgagcagc aaaggcctt gccttacat 
      aattacgct cctgcgcac gaatacaaa ccgtcagct 
      gactacagt ttcagctac ggcgtcaag gacttgcat 
      acgggagac gtgaagcat caatgggag aagaaagat 
      ggcgatata gtgagaggc cactactcg gttctagaa 
      ccagatggt tctgtgaga atcgtcgat tacacagct 
      gatgggaaa aacggtttt aacgccgtt gttaaacac 
      agcggcccg gcacagcat cccatcagc cacaaagaa 
      aacaacctg aagccggaa ttcgaccaa aacgaagtc 
      aaacattac gtttttgta ccgcaagag gaggaagag 
      gaaacggag gagtcgatc aaagtaaac caagtccaa 
      attcctgca aagtattac cacaaaccg acttatgac 
      gactttaaa acgacccga cttcctgtt gacttaaat 
      ttcgtcaaa caaacgact gaaaaaatt gtcccaatt 
      gatgtgagc caactgtac cccattgaa atcgatttg 
      agccagcag gcaagcccc catgaattg actcaagag 
      gaattgaga aagtttttg agggagtac tacaactcc 
      ggacctgaa aatctcaac caaccccaa ctggaacac 
      ggttttaaa ccgattaaa ccaattaaa cctgcccga 
      cagacctac aagtcgaac aaaaaaccg gttacaacc 
      cccggtttg aggaattac gcgtccaga aatcccaaa 
      tatcattta agacaccaa acttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013815 RA
      gtgaaagta cttgcgtga gcgttttac tcgaacttg 
      aacttgaac gcgatgtgg atatggcag aagttacca 
      tttgtcgtc ttgttgact ctctcgagc agcaaaggc 
      cttgcctta cataattac gctcctgcg cacgaatac 
      aaaccgtca gctgactac agtttcagc tacggcgtc 
      aaggacttg catacggga gacgtgaag catcaatgg 
      gagaagaaa gatggcgat atagtgaga ggccactac 
      tcggttcta gaaccagat ggttctgtg agaatcgtc 
      gattacaca gctgatggg aaaaacggt tttaacgcc 
      gttgttaaa cacagcggc ccggcacag catcccatc 
      agccacaaa gaaaacaac ctgaagccg gaattcgac 
      caaaacgaa gtcaaacat tacgttttt gtaccgcaa 
      gaggaggaa gaggaaacg gaggagtcg atcaaagta 
      aaccaagtc caaattcct gcaaagtat taccacaaa 
      ccgacttat gacgacttt aaaacgacc cgacttcct 
      gttgactta aatttcgtc aaacaaacg actgaaaaa 
      attgtccca attgatgtg agccaactg taccccatt 
      gaaatcgat ttgagccag caggcaagc ccccatgaa 
      ttgactcaa gaggaattg agaaagttt ttgagggag 
      tactacaac tccggacct gaaaatctc aaccaaccc 
      caactggaa cacggtttt aaaccgatt aaaccaatt 
      aaacctgcc cgacagacc tacaagtcg aacaaaaaa 
      ccggttaca acccccggt ttgaggaat tacgcgtcc 
      agaaatccc aaatatcat ttaagacac caaacttaa 
      tttattctt gttataatt tgttaataa agttgttga 
      atttgg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY