Status
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Gene information
General information
TC008057 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 4410032..4411545
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC008057
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_09888

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    cuticle remnants with unidentifyable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larva partially everted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head appendages position irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head appendages random not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC008057 RA
      MADTQVTTS VTAPTCMES VNRIAKLPV 
      IESSLQAAT NVYEKVKEY NGVTQWTCN 
      TAETVVHKA VEVGKPIVQ GLEGPIKKV 
      DGVLCTGLD YVETKVPAV KLPPGEMYT 
      TTKDYVSNT VTPAVGAAY SYVEPAVKS 
      AYEKIEPAV QTAKTAVEP AVEKAKTFV 
      EPAVEKAKS FVEPAVSAV ESLKQYGSH 
      KLEEIRQCT RGHPEGDLE CEECQAAAK 
      KMGDKH
    CDS sequence
    • >TC008057 RA
      atggcagat actcaagta actacaagc gtaaccgcc 
      cccacgtgc atggaatcc gtcaaccga atcgccaaa 
      ctcccagtg atcgaaagc tccctccaa gcggccaca 
      aacgtgtac gaaaaggtc aaagagtac aacggagtg 
      acccagtgg acttgcaac acggccgaa accgtggtc 
      cacaaggcc gtagaggtg ggcaaaccc atcgtccag 
      ggccttgaa ggccccatc aagaaggtc gatggggtc 
      ctttgcacg ggtttggac tacgtggag accaaagtc 
      cccgccgtg aaactcccc cctggcgag atgtacacc 
      accaccaaa gactacgtc agcaacacg gtgaccccc 
      gctgtgggg gctgcctac tcttatgtc gagcccgct 
      gtcaagtcg gcctacgag aagatcgaa ccggcggtt 
      caaacggct aaaaccgcc gttgaaccg gcggttgaa 
      aaggccaaa acttttgtc gaaccggct gtcgagaag 
      gccaagtcc ttcgtggag ccggctgtg agtgcggtg 
      gaaagtttg aagcaatac ggaagccac aagttggag 
      gaaatcaga cagtgcacg agaggacac cctgaaggc 
      gacttggaa tgcgaggag tgtcaagcc gccgccaaa 
      aaaatgggc gacaaacat tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC008057 RA
      ctggtattc tatatatac agcggtgag gacaatccg 
      gcttcaaaa ttgtccagt ttgtcgaac agtgcgttt 
      aatttgtgt tacatagat taatttttc tactaccgg 
      tggtccaat caacaatgg cagatactc aagtaacta 
      caagcgtaa ccgccccca cgtgcatgg aatccgtca 
      accgaatcg ccaaactcc cagtgatcg aaagctccc 
      tccaagcgg ccacaaacg tgtacgaaa aggtcaaag 
      agtacaacg gagtgaccc agtggactt gcaacacgg 
      ccgaaaccg tggtccaca aggccgtag aggtgggca 
      aacccatcg tccagggcc ttgaaggcc ccatcaaga 
      aggtcgatg gggtccttt gcacgggtt tggactacg 
      tggagacca aagtccccg ccgtgaaac tcccccctg 
      gcgagatgt acaccacca ccaaagact acgtcagca 
      acacggtga cccccgctg tgggggctg cctactctt 
      atgtcgagc ccgctgtca agtcggcct acgagaaga 
      tcgaaccgg cggttcaaa cggctaaaa ccgccgttg 
      aaccggcgg ttgaaaagg ccaaaactt ttgtcgaac 
      cggctgtcg agaaggcca agtccttcg tggagccgg 
      ctgtgagtg cggtggaaa gtttgaagc aatacggaa 
      gccacaagt tggaggaaa tcagacagt gcacgagag 
      gacaccctg aaggcgact tggaatgcg aggagtgtc 
      aagccgccg ccaaaaaaa tgggcgaca aacattaga 
      ttaagcgta cttgtagct gtatttata aattaagtg 
      taagttttg tactgtgct cacgttttt aagactgtt 
      ttatatatt gtaatatat ttagtcacc gttttgtgt 
      tgtaagtca gagtgcatt ttacggtat tgtaaaatg 
      gcatttttg agattatat tgaaagggt caaggtctg 
      aaagaaacg gtgggatat tgtatttct ttaaatttt 
      gaataaata tttttactc tct
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY