Status
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Gene information
General information
TC007574 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 2907535..2909182
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC007574
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_09863

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 80.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC007574 RA
      MSKVRETLI TNCERKFLM KCLSEWRRL DGRSFDEFR 
      PLELKFGKQ WGSCYVSLG NTKVLAQTS CEIQQPKSS 
      RPSEGILNI NIELNPLAA PHFEAGRQS ELSVQLNRL 
      LEKCVKDSK AVDLESLCI KTNEKVWAL KVDINVLNH 
      EGNILDCAS IAMLASLTH FRRPDVTCD GEEFIIHSY 
      QQRDPIPTV IHHYPVCIT YAIFNGGEY ILADPSLLE 
      EGSADAMLT IGLNGFKEL CALHLGGKA ELAPSIILS 
      TVSKATSRA TVVIEEIKK SVKADTEQR QEKASVGFH 
      TEDNFKTTL VFGQSLDTW HTNKKKRNK KHKKAQPQS 
      QNTVVIDKG SVEHVPQTE NKKEVWDVD NNSDDDLII 
      VEKPKVQIE LLTDSEEDD VVILGPVKN KK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC007574 RA
      atgtcgaaa gtacgggaa acacttatt acaaactgt 
      gaacgaaag tttttgatg aaatgcttg tcggagtgg 
      aggaggtta gatggtcga agttttgac gagttcagg 
      ccactagag ctgaaattt ggcaaacag tggggttcc 
      tgttacgtt tctctcggc aacacaaaa gttttagct 
      caaacatca tgcgaaatc caacaaccc aagtcttca 
      cgacctagt gaaggaatt ctaaacata aatatcgag 
      ttgaaccca ctggcagcc cctcatttc gaagcgggc 
      agacagtcg gaattgtca gtgcagttg aaccgactt 
      ttggaaaaa tgtgttaaa gattctaaa gctgttgat 
      ttggaatca ttgtgcatt aaaaccaac gaaaaagta 
      tgggctttg aaggtggat attaatgtt ttaaaccat 
      gaggggaat attctggac tgcgcctcg atcgccatg 
      ttggcttct ttgactcat tttaggcgc cccgatgtc 
      acttgtgat ggcgaagaa ttcatcatt cacagttac 
      caacaaagg gaccccatt cctacggtt atacaccac 
      tatccagtc tgcataaca tacgctatt tttaatgga 
      ggggagtat attcttgcg gacccgtca ctacttgag 
      gaaggttcc gcagatgca atgctaaca ataggcctc 
      aacggcttt aaagaactg tgtgcccta catttaggg 
      ggaaaagct gaacttgca ccaagtatt atcctgagt 
      acagtttct aaagccaca tctcgagct actgttgtg 
      atagaagaa ataaaaaaa tcagttaag gccgatact 
      gaacaaagg caagagaag gcttcggta ggctttcat 
      actgaagat aatttcaaa acaactcta gtctttggc 
      cagagcctt gatacatgg catacgaat aaaaagaaa 
      agaaataaa aaacataaa aaagcacag ccacaatcc 
      cagaatacg gtcgttatt gacaaaggg tcagtggaa 
      catgtgcct cagaccgaa aacaagaaa gaagtctgg 
      gacgttgat aataacagt gacgatgac ttaataata 
      gtcgaaaaa cctaaagtt caaatcgaa ctcctaaca 
      gacagtgag gaagacgat gtggtgata ctagggcct 
      gtcaaaaat aaaaaataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC007574 RA
      ccacacttc tttgttaca aaaaatatt ttgaaattt 
      gaaaataaa aatgtcgaa agtacggga aacacttat 
      tacaaactg tgaacgaaa gtttttgat gaaatgctt 
      gtcggagtg gaggaggtt agatggtcg aagttttga 
      cgagttcag gccactaga gctgaaatt tggcaaaca 
      gtggggttc ctgttacgt ttctctcgg caacacaaa 
      agttttagc tcaaacatc atgcgaaat ccaacaacc 
      caagtcttc acgacctag tgaaggaat tctaaacat 
      aaatatcga gttgaaccc actggcagc ccctcattt 
      cgaagcggg cagacagtc ggaattgtc agtgcagtt 
      gaaccgact tttggaaaa atgtgttaa agattctaa 
      agctgttga tttggaatc attgtgcat taaaaccaa 
      cgaaaaagt atgggcttt gaaggtgga tattaatgt 
      tttaaacca tgaggggaa tattctgga ctgcgcctc 
      gatcgccat gttggcttc tttgactca ttttaggcg 
      ccccgatgt cacttgtga tggcgaaga attcatcat 
      tcacagtta ccaacaaag ggaccccat tcctacggt 
      tatacacca ctatccagt ctgcataac atacgctat 
      ttttaatgg aggggagta tattcttgc ggacccgtc 
      actacttga ggaaggttc cgcagatgc aatgctaac 
      aataggcct caacggctt taaagaact gtgtgccct 
      acatttagg gggaaaagc tgaacttgc accaagtat 
      tatcctgag tacagtttc taaagccac atctcgagc 
      tactgttgt gatagaaga aataaaaaa atcagttaa 
      ggccgatac tgaacaaag gcaagagaa ggcttcggt 
      aggctttca tactgaaga taatttcaa aacaactct 
      agtctttgg ccagagcct tgatacatg gcatacgaa 
      taaaaagaa aagaaataa aaaacataa aaaagcaca 
      gccacaatc ccagaatac ggtcgttat tgacaaagg 
      gtcagtgga acatgtgcc tcagaccga aaacaagaa 
      agaagtctg ggacgttga taataacag tgacgatga 
      cttaataat agtcgaaaa acctaaagt tcaaatcga 
      actcctaac agacagtga ggaagacga tgtggtgat 
      actagggcc tgtcaaaaa taaaaaata acttgtggt 
      tttttatta aatgcattt ttttcttaa agtg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY