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Gene information
General information
TC002768 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 11916349..11918036
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC002768
    iBeetle screen iB_09785

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 50.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC002768 RA
      MLSTKILII LVIILFASP FTCACDENE FKFMVQLIT 
      LDFENNQRD CAGSYIAEK YILTAAHCV NNTKEIHIV 
      DNDENQLKS LILDSNKAS VIHEKFCEN KEKHRLDND 
      IALIHLNDN QVAQIKRNI ALRTISVSY DYDISEKTE 
      LYVLGWGTS DPNAVNDKL EKKSVRKKN CEEEINDES 
      VVCTHKDNV YKGDSGGPL IADDKQIGI VSGGVEESI 
      LYTFLPYYK SWIAKNVEG PETDKNSST EHVIIAVTM 
      ILCLMYINF IYF
    CDS sequence
    • >TC002768 RA
      atgctgtct actaaaatt ctaatcatt ttagtgata 
      atactgttt gcgtcccct tttacctgt gcctgtgac 
      gaaaatgaa tttaaattc atggttcaa ttaataacg 
      ttagatttc gaaaataac caacgagat tgtgctgga 
      tcatacata gcggagaaa tatattcta actgctgcc 
      cattgtgta aacaatacg aaagagatt catattgta 
      gataatgat gaaaaccaa ctaaaatct ctaatactg 
      gattccaat aaagcaagc gttattcat gaaaaattc 
      tgtgaaaat aaagaaaag catagactt gataatgat 
      atcgcacta atccactta aatgacaat caagttgct 
      caaatcaag agaaacatt gctcttcgt acaatatca 
      gtatcttac gactatgac attagtgaa aaaacagag 
      ttgtacgtt ctagggtgg ggtacttca gacccaaat 
      gcggtcaat gataagtta gaaaagaaa agtgtaaga 
      aaaaaaaat tgtgaagaa gaaatcaac gacgaatcc 
      gttgtgtgt acacataag gacaatgtt tataaagga 
      gactctggt ggacctttg attgctgat gacaaacag 
      ataggtatt gtgtctgga ggtgttgaa gaaagcatt 
      ctttacaca tttttgccg tactataaa tcatggata 
      gcgaaaaat gttgaagga cctgaaaca gataagaat 
      tcgtcaacg gagcatgta attatagca gttacaatg 
      attttatgt ctaatgtac ataaacttt atctatttc 
      taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC002768 RA
      ttaattgca agcatgctg tctactaaa attctaatc 
      attttagtg ataatactg tttgcgtcc ccttttacc 
      tgtgcctgt gacgaaaat gaatttaaa ttcatggtt 
      caattaata acgttagat ttcgaaaat aaccaacga 
      gattgtgct ggatcatac atagcggag aaatatatt 
      ctaactgct gcccattgt gtaaacaat acgaaagag 
      attcatatt gtagataat gatgaaaac caactaaaa 
      tctctaata ctggattcc aataaagca agcgttatt 
      catgaaaaa ttctgtgaa aataaagaa aagcataga 
      cttgataat gatatcgca ctaatccac ttaaatgac 
      aatcaagtt gctcaaatc aagagaaac attgctctt 
      cgtacaata tcagtatct tacgactat gacattagt 
      gaaaaaaca gagttgtac gttctaggg tggggtact 
      tcagaccca aatgcggtc aatgataag ttagaaaag 
      aaaagtgta agaaaaaaa aattgtgaa gaagaaatc 
      aacgacgaa tccgttgtg tgtacacat aaggacaat 
      gtttataaa ggagactct ggtggacct ttgattgct 
      gatgacaaa cagataggt attgtgtct ggaggtgtt 
      gaagaaagc attctttac acatttttg ccgtactat 
      aaatcatgg atagcgaaa aatgttgaa ggacctgaa 
      acagataag aattcgtca acggagcat gtaattata 
      gcagttaca atgatttta tgtctaatg tacataaac 
      tttatctat ttctaaaca agtgagaac atgtacagg 
      tgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY