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Gene information
General information
TC005317 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 14507075..14508413
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005317
    iBeetle screen iB_09425

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005317 RA
      MVKIGINGF GRIGRLVVR RCFQKLRDA RCSASGDSP 
      QVVAVNDPY LSADHMANL LKYDSTHGL FQGEISVIG 
      SSLKVDGQI VDITNEKNP EKIPWAKSC PKYVVDATG 
      LYKSYDKAS ALIHDTVER VVLTYPSKD DIPMFVFGV 
      NQDNYCNEL KVVSNASCT TNCLAPLVK VIHDNFKIE 
      CGLMTTIHA ITPSQNTLD GPAKKNYRI GRGALQNII 
      PTSTGAAKA IGKIIPEMD GKLTGIAAR VPVADASMV 
      DLTVVIDTP ADYEVIKCK VKEAADGYL NGILAYTDD 
      QIVSSDVIG DSRSSIFDA GAGVALTRN FIKLISWYD 
      NEWGYACRV VDLLKYMSS RECDN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005317 RA
      atggtcaaa attggaata aacggtttc ggacgaatt 
      ggccgttta gtagtacga cgttgtttc caaaaacta 
      agagatgcc cgttgttcg gcttctgga gactcccct 
      caagtggtg gctgtcaac gatccgtat ctctcagcc 
      gaccacatg gccaatttg cttaaatat gactccaca 
      catgggcta ttccaaggg gagattagt gtcataggg 
      agcagtctc aaagtcgac ggccaaatt gttgacatt 
      accaacgaa aaaaacccg gaaaaaatt ccatgggca 
      aaaagctgc cccaaatac gtcgtcgat gccaccgga 
      ctctacaaa agctacgac aaagcttcc gcgcttatt 
      cacgacact gttgaacgc gtggtgctc acgtacccc 
      tccaaagat gacatcccc atgtttgtc ttcggtgta 
      aaccaagac aactactgc aacgaactc aaagttgtt 
      tctaacgct tcctgcacc actaattgt ctagccccc 
      cttgttaaa gtcattcat gacaatttc aaaattgag 
      tgcggtctt atgaccacc attcacgct ataaccccc 
      tcacaaaat accctagac gggcctgca aaaaaaaac 
      taccgaatc ggtcgtggg gctttacaa aacataatc 
      ccaacaagc actggggct gcaaaagcc attggcaaa 
      ataatccca gaaatggac gggaaattg accgggatt 
      gcagcacgt gtcccagtg gcggatgcc tcaatggtc 
      gacctgacc gtagtcatt gacactccc gctgattac 
      gaagtcatc aaatgcaaa gttaaggaa gccgctgat 
      ggatatttg aacggcatt ttggcttac actgacgac 
      caaattgtc tcatctgat gtaatcggc gactcgaga 
      tcttcgatt tttgatgca ggggctggt gtggccctt 
      actcgaaac tttatcaag ttgatcagt tggtatgat 
      aatgaatgg ggctacgcg tgccgtgtt gttgatttg 
      ttaaagtac atgtcgtcg agagagtgt gataattaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005317 RA
      aacgcacaa tcgcttgaa aaaatcaaa ggtcgcaat 
      gcaattatt ttcgaaaaa agtccaagt gcccttatt 
      tcaaagtca ttatggtca aaattggaa taaacggtt 
      tcggacgaa ttggccgtt tagtagtac gacgttgtt 
      tccaaaaac taagagatg cccgttgtt cggcttctg 
      gagactccc ctcaagtgg tggctgtca acgatccgt 
      atctctcag ccgaccaca tggccaatt tgcttaaat 
      atgactcca cacatgggc tattccaag gggagatta 
      gtgtcatag ggagcagtc tcaaagtcg acggccaaa 
      ttgttgaca ttaccaacg aaaaaaacc cggaaaaaa 
      ttccatggg caaaaagct gccccaaat acgtcgtcg 
      atgccaccg gactctaca aaagctacg acaaagctt 
      ccgcgctta ttcacgaca ctgttgaac gcgtggtgc 
      tcacgtacc cctccaaag atgacatcc ccatgtttg 
      tcttcggtg taaaccaag acaactact gcaacgaac 
      tcaaagttg tttctaacg cttcctgca ccactaatt 
      gtctagccc cccttgtta aagtcattc atgacaatt 
      tcaaaattg agtgcggtc ttatgacca ccattcacg 
      ctataaccc cctcacaaa ataccctag acgggcctg 
      caaaaaaaa actaccgaa tcggtcgtg gggctttac 
      aaaacataa tcccaacaa gcactgggg ctgcaaaag 
      ccattggca aaataatcc cagaaatgg acgggaaat 
      tgaccggga ttgcagcac gtgtcccag tggcggatg 
      cctcaatgg tcgacctga ccgtagtca ttgacactc 
      ccgctgatt acgaagtca tcaaatgca aagttaagg 
      aagccgctg atggatatt tgaacggca ttttggctt 
      acactgacg accaaattg tctcatctg atgtaatcg 
      gcgactcga gatcttcga tttttgatg caggggctg 
      gtgtggccc ttactcgaa actttatca agttgatca 
      gttggtatg ataatgaat ggggctacg cgtgccgtg 
      ttgttgatt tgttaaagt acatgtcgt cgagagagt 
      gtgataatt aaaataaat tattttttg aact
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY