Status
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Gene information
General information
TC009283 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 1925657..1926853
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009283
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_09194

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009283 RA
      MELVPTKIL VAVLFGVLR FFFGILPVK IYKLLLHWE 
      GQDDSQHFI NKKRHQQVT CTLALCQSF GGGVLFATC 
      MLHMMPEVY KSVEELKRL GNVNTDYPL SQMTISVGF 
      FLVYFIEEL SHWFVTHVP DDACERISR SATPTSNKV 
      APKSAFTEE KKPIPQTPF IVDEYEKKP PDEPDTYSL 
      NAEEIENEK NQKNIDLDS ELERVESAK SSVEKAVKT 
      KQQIMRYVL VVVALSFHA MFEGLAIGL QHSIANIWY 
      LFVAVSIHS ATILFYISL ELVLAKTEL RRILTHVAI 
      LSVTSPAGV LLGLLITQK ANMNTQAKS TAVVLLEGL 
      SAGTILYIT FFEVLNREK ERRAWTIRR GVCILGGFV 
      LMALLQCAE MYIE
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009283 RA
      atggagttg gtccccacg aaaatccta gtggctgtc 
      ctcttcgga gtcctccgc tttttcttc ggcattctc 
      cccgttaaa atctacaag ttgctgctg cactgggag 
      ggccaggac gactcccag cacttcatc aacaagaag 
      cgccaccag caggtcacc tgcaccctc gccctgtgc 
      cagtccttc ggcggcggc gtcctcttc gccacctgc 
      atgctccac atgatgccc gaggtgtac aaatcggtc 
      gaggagctc aaacgcctc ggcaacgtc aacaccgac 
      taccccctc tcgcagatg accatctcc gtcggcttt 
      ttcctagtg tacttcatc gaggagctg tcccactgg 
      ttcgtgacc cacgtcccg gacgacgcc tgcgagaga 
      atctcgcgc tcggcgacc cccacgtcc aacaaagtg 
      gccccgaag agtgccttc accgaggag aagaagccc 
      atcccccaa accccgttc attgtggac gagtacgag 
      aagaaacca ccggacgaa cccgacact tacagtctg 
      aatgcggag gagattgaa aatgagaaa aaccagaaa 
      aatatcgac ctggactcg gagctggag cgcgtggag 
      tcggccaag tcctcggtg gagaaggcg gtcaagacc 
      aagcagcaa atcatgcgc tatgtcctg gtggtggtg 
      gctttgtcc ttccatgcc atgttcgaa ggcctggcg 
      attgggctc cagcacagc atcgccaat atttggtac 
      ctgtttgtg gccgtttcc attcactca gccacgatt 
      ttattttac attagtctc gagctggtt ttggccaaa 
      actgagctg aggcggatt ctcacccac gttgcgatt 
      ttgtcggtt actagtccg gctggggtc ctcttgggg 
      cttcttatt acgcagaaa gctaacatg aatacgcaa 
      gccaagtcc acggcagtg gtgctcttg gaagggctg 
      tcggctggg acgattttg tacattacg ttttttgaa 
      gttttgaat cgggagaag gagcggaga gcgtggact 
      ataagacgt ggagtgtgc attttaggg gggtttgtg 
      ctcatggcc ctgttacag tgtgcggaa atgtatata 
      gagtga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009283 RA
      aaacctccc tcgctgtga gtcagtcaa gccgcgcca 
      ctcgaccat gcagcacca tggagttgg tccccacga 
      aaatcctag tggctgtcc tcttcggag tcctccgct 
      ttttcttcg gcattctcc ccgttaaaa tctacaagt 
      tgctgctgc actgggagg gccaggacg actcccagc 
      acttcatca acaagaagc gccaccagc aggtcacct 
      gcaccctcg ccctgtgcc agtccttcg gcggcggcg 
      tcctcttcg ccacctgca tgctccaca tgatgcccg 
      aggtgtaca aatcggtcg aggagctca aacgcctcg 
      gcaacgtca acaccgact accccctct cgcagatga 
      ccatctccg tcggctttt tcctagtgt acttcatcg 
      aggagctgt cccactggt tcgtgaccc acgtcccgg 
      acgacgcct gcgagagaa tctcgcgct cggcgaccc 
      ccacgtcca acaaagtgg ccccgaaga gtgccttca 
      ccgaggaga agaagccca tcccccaaa ccccgttca 
      ttgtggacg agtacgaga agaaaccac cggacgaac 
      ccgacactt acagtctga atgcggagg agattgaaa 
      atgagaaaa accagaaaa atatcgacc tggactcgg 
      agctggagc gcgtggagt cggccaagt cctcggtgg 
      agaaggcgg tcaagacca agcagcaaa tcatgcgct 
      atgtcctgg tggtggtgg ctttgtcct tccatgcca 
      tgttcgaag gcctggcga ttgggctcc agcacagca 
      tcgccaata tttggtacc tgtttgtgg ccgtttcca 
      ttcactcag ccacgattt tattttaca ttagtctcg 
      agctggttt tggccaaaa ctgagctga ggcggattc 
      tcacccacg ttgcgattt tgtcggtta ctagtccgg 
      ctggggtcc tcttggggc ttcttatta cgcagaaag 
      ctaacatga atacgcaag ccaagtcca cggcagtgg 
      tgctcttgg aagggctgt cggctggga cgattttgt 
      acattacgt tttttgaag ttttgaatc gggagaagg 
      agcggagag cgtggacta taagacgtg gagtgtgca 
      ttttagggg ggtttgtgc tcatggccc tgttacagt 
      gtgcggaaa tgtatatag agtgataaa taaattgta 
      tttttttaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY