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Gene information
General information
TC013396 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 10156783..10157620
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013396
    iBeetle screen iB_09097

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013396 RA
      MDLELEDLE NTIQDDDDD NVQLTSAEL 
      IEMMEEVWV NEKFAPEIL PHKQEVVDC 
      VLGQISYME KNLETLPST DFKKGIHQL 
      EVDRIRFLV ASYLRHRLE KIETYVLHI 
      LKEEEQRGE REEELYLTE AEQQFAIKY 
      KQDLEQHFE NATNFYPGL PFEDWKSHI 
      VAPNMNSFV FLKAKTAVE GVVIDPSRD 
      DDEVADLTV GSQMILSYN SVTDLVKKG 
      DVQLI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013396 RA
      atggatttg gaattggaa gatttagaa aacacgatt 
      caggacgac gacgatgac aacgtgcaa ttaacttca 
      gccgagtta atcgaaatg atggaggaa gtgtgggtt 
      aatgagaaa ttcgcacct gagatcctc cctcataaa 
      caagaagtt gtcgattgc gtgctggga caaatatca 
      tacatggaa aaaaattta gagacttta ccatccacc 
      gactttaaa aaaggaatt catcaattg gaagtcgat 
      aggattcgt tttttggtg gcgagttac cttcgtcac 
      agattggaa aaaatcgaa acttatgtt ttgcatatt 
      ttaaaagaa gaggaacag aggggcgag agagaagaa 
      gagttgtat ttaacggaa gccgaacaa caatttgcg 
      attaaatac aaacaagac ttagaacag catttcgaa 
      aatgcgact aatttttac ccgggcttg ccattcgaa 
      gactggaaa agtcacata gttgcgcca aatatgaac 
      agttttgtg tttttgaaa gctaaaact gccgtagaa 
      ggggttgtt atagaccca agccgtgac gatgatgaa 
      gtcgctgat ttaactgtg ggttcgcaa atgatactg 
      tcatataac agcgtgact gatttggtg aaaaaagga 
      gacgtccaa ttgatataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013396 RA
      acagttgtg ttttgtgtt attttgtaa tggatttgg 
      aattggaag atttagaaa acacgattc aggacgacg 
      acgatgaca acgtgcaat taacttcag ccgagttaa 
      tcgaaatga tggaggaag tgtgggtta atgagaaat 
      tcgcacctg agatcctcc ctcataaac aagaagttg 
      tcgattgcg tgctgggac aaatatcat acatggaaa 
      aaaatttag agactttac catccaccg actttaaaa 
      aaggaattc atcaattgg aagtcgata ggattcgtt 
      ttttggtgg cgagttacc ttcgtcaca gattggaaa 
      aaatcgaaa cttatgttt tgcatattt taaaagaag 
      aggaacaga ggggcgaga gagaagaag agttgtatt 
      taacggaag ccgaacaac aatttgcga ttaaataca 
      aacaagact tagaacagc atttcgaaa atgcgacta 
      atttttacc cgggcttgc cattcgaag actggaaaa 
      gtcacatag ttgcgccaa atatgaaca gttttgtgt 
      ttttgaaag ctaaaactg ccgtagaag gggttgtta 
      tagacccaa gccgtgacg atgatgaag tcgctgatt 
      taactgtgg gttcgcaaa tgatactgt catataaca 
      gcgtgactg atttggtga aaaaaggag acgtccaat 
      tgatataaa atatatgta atatatttg ataaaaatc 
      aacaaaaaa ctcaaaata aatacactg ttagaat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY