Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC014314 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 8986221..8988785
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014314
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

    • {{ goTerm.term }}
      ({{ goTerm.evidence }}){{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }}
      {{goTerm.showAll ? '[-]' : '[+]'}}
      Status: {{ goTerm.status }}
      Evidence: {{ goTerm.evidence }} ({{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }})
      Reference: {{ goTerm.referenceText }}
      Quotation: {{ goTerm.quotation }}
      Submitter: {{ goTerm.name }}

    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
    {{ blurIdResult }}
    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
    {{ blurEvidenceResult }}
    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
    {{ blurReferenceResult }}
    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      {{ unavailableText }}

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_09090

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014314 RA
      MLLVTGVLL MAVSSRAIT NNADLIWYD DDGQTQNYF 
      ARQAFPEGF NRTRKIIVN QKFPYLWEV KFSFFDNLE 
      ELVIDDCGV NEIKPNTFK DLKPLTNLS LSWNHIKEI 
      KEGIFNFVE VKNLNLSHN RIRILADRA FDNMPVLER 
      VILDFNELK HWSGEWFSG CPQLATVSM THNFLEELP 
      AKAFKNFWR QQEVANLYF SYNKIRQLD REVFLGSAK 
      FGDLFLDWN DVPRIDGHT FATLQSVNH LNLNGDSLR 
      CLSEEFLTK VLNKTQLLS VVGNPLKCE CFKELIKRE 
      KEIKTKIKY STVDC
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014314 RA
      atgttgctc gtgacgggt gttttgctc atggcggtg 
      tccagcagg gcgatcacc aacaacgcc gacctgatt 
      tggtatgac gacgatggg caaacgcag aactatttc 
      gcccgacaa gctttcccc gaggggttc aacaggaca 
      cgcaaaatc attgtgaat cagaaattc ccctatttg 
      tgggaagtg aagttctcg ttttttgat aatttggag 
      gagttggtg attgatgat tgtggcgtg aatgagatc 
      aaacctaac acatttaag gatttgaaa cctctgacg 
      aacctcagt ttgagttgg aaccacatt aaagaaatt 
      aaagaaggg atttttaat tttgtcgaa gtgaagaac 
      ctgaacctg tcgcataat cggatcagg atcttggcc 
      gaccgtgcg tttgataat atgccagtg ttggaaaga 
      gttatcctc gatttcaac gaactgaag cactggagt 
      ggcgaatgg ttttcgggt tgtccccaa ttagccaca 
      gtttcgatg acgcacaat ttcctcgag gaactgccg 
      gcgaaagct ttcaaaaac ttctggagg caacaagaa 
      gttgcaaat ctttatttc agttataac aagatccgg 
      caactggat cgcgaagta tttttaggg agtgcaaag 
      ttcggtgat ttgttccta gactggaac gacgttcct 
      cgaattgat ggtcacact ttcgccact ttgcaatcc 
      gtcaatcac ctaaatttg aacggagat tccttgcgc 
      tgtttatcc gaagaattc ctcaccaaa gtgctcaac 
      aagacccaa ctcctgagc gtcgtcgga aatcccctc 
      aagtgcgag tgtttcaaa gaattgata aaacgagaa 
      aaggaaatt aagaccaaa atcaaatac tcgactgtt 
      gattgctga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014314 RA
      gcttgaaaa tccatcagc aagccattc ccgataaac 
      tcccgtcac ttttcactg tccgcactt tgtaacaga 
      aataaattt atataatgt gcgccttat ttccctccc 
      cgtgccaat aaatccccg gacaaaaac tgccgaaat 
      tcgatcagt tccaacatc aaagacctc atcggtgta 
      ataaacaag tctgcgtcc taagtggac ccaaataga 
      ttaaaccgt cacgtcgga gcgttttct ttgtccgct 
      gttgtgcgt cgaaatttc aattttgca gctagtgaa 
      aaatgacaa gtacatctc tccgaagtg tcaccgaaa 
      aatttcaat gaaaaatgg atgctaaag cgacgacaa 
      attgtgttt tctggggcg ttaattaaa cccacatgt 
      gctagaaat agttggagt tttcgggct taaatttga 
      atctagttt gaggtcgcg gagcctcga gggtgtggt 
      tattacggg cgaaaaagt tgccatttt tgcgcttga 
      gcaattagg gttttgaat ctcctccaa ataataaac 
      aagccaaat ttgtactat gctctcgtc tcgtttatt 
      ccatcagtc aaagatcac acgcgaccg gagtgaaac 
      atttagcaa ttcccccgt ccgaagtac tctcaccac 
      tcttaaaat aaatgtcca cttcatgcc gtttacggg 
      tcacaaggc gaccccaag ttcactcgt ctcgataga 
      gcccgttca aattgtttg cattatcga acgaattta 
      attctgtgt tcgcatttg tgtcacgtc tcgcttgaa 
      ttattgcgg aaaagttcc agtgctcgg aatcatgtt 
      gctcgtgac gggtgtttt gctcatggc ggtgtccag 
      cagggcgat caccaacaa cgccgacct gatttggta 
      tgacgacga tgggcaaac gcagaacta tttcgcccg 
      acaagcttt ccccgaggg gttcaacag gacacgcaa 
      aatcattgt gaatcagaa attccccta tttgtggga 
      agtgaagtt ctcgttttt tgataattt ggaggagtt 
      ggtgattga tgattgtgg cgtgaatga gatcaaacc 
      taacacatt taaggattt gaaacctct gacgaacct 
      cagtttgag ttggaacca cattaaaga aattaaaga 
      agggatttt taattttgt cgaagtgaa gaacctgaa 
      cctgtcgca taatcggat caggatctt ggccgaccg 
      tgcgtttga taatatgcc agtgttgga aagagttat 
      cctcgattt caacgaact gaagcactg gagtggcga 
      atggttttc gggttgtcc ccaattagc cacagtttc 
      gatgacgca caatttcct cgaggaact gccggcgaa 
      agctttcaa aaacttctg gaggcaaca agaagttgc 
      aaatcttta tttcagtta taacaagat ccggcaact 
      ggatcgcga agtattttt agggagtgc aaagttcgg 
      tgatttgtt cctagactg gaacgacgt tcctcgaat 
      tgatggtca cactttcgc cactttgca atccgtcaa 
      tcacctaaa tttgaacgg agattcctt gcgctgttt 
      atccgaaga attcctcac caaagtgct caacaagac 
      ccaactcct gagcgtcgt cggaaatcc cctcaagtg 
      cgagtgttt caaagaatt gataaaacg agaaaagga 
      aattaagac caaaatcaa atactcgac tgttgattg 
      ctgataata aatcataat ttaaaag
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY