Status
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Gene information
General information
TC033074
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC013694,TC013693
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 5905758..5920783
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033074
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_09073

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033074 RA
      MQNVQEVMP SVRLNGVDK TVEVAASSG EVIKKFRVS 
      QPREECRRH RLTTDRDQT SPLSPNQSD KHFQTSVVA 
      DKYLLLEQA EGSSLYRCV DVNTQEELV CKIVSKDCH 
      SLVSAHYRL DSHPRVSSL HEVVVGNRY LYLVYPKAH 
      GDLHSYVRS RKRLRESEA KRLFKQIAE TVQVCHRNG 
      IVLRDLKLR KFVFADGQR TELKLESLE DAVVLEEPE 
      TDWLHDKRG CPAYVSPEI LKAGAHYSG KAADMWSLG 
      VILYTMLVG RYPFSDSEH ASLFAKISR GHFVIPECL 
      SSRARCLIR SLLRREPSE RITSEDILY HPWLAKEDR 
      EWTSRACDQ LVPECSLYD D
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033074 RA
      atgcaaaac gtacaagaa gtgatgccg agtgttaga 
      cttaacggg gtggacaag acggtggaa gttgcggcc 
      tcctccggg gaagtgatt aaaaagttc cgggtgagc 
      cagccgagg gaggagtgc cggaggcac aggctcacc 
      accgaccgg gaccaaact tcgcccctg agccccaac 
      caaagtgat aaacatttc cagacctcg gtggtcgcc 
      gataagtat ttgctgctg gagcaggcc gagggcagc 
      tccttgtac cggtgcgtg gacgtcaac acccaggag 
      gagttggtc tgcaagatc gtttcaaag gactgtcat 
      tcgttggta tcggcgcat tatcgcctc gattcgcat 
      ccgagggtc tcatctttg cacgaagtc gtcgtaggt 
      aatcgctac ttgtatttg gtttatccc aaggctcac 
      ggcgaccta cattcgtac gtgaggtca aggaaaaga 
      ctgagggaa tccgaagcc aagaggctc ttcaaacaa 
      attgccgaa acagtacaa gtttgtcat aggaacgga 
      atagtatta agggattta aagctgagg aaattcgtc 
      ttcgctgat ggccaaagg acggagctg aaattagag 
      tcactagaa gatgccgtc gtgctggaa gaaccggaa 
      accgactgg ctacatgat aaaagagga tgtcctgct 
      tacgtgagt ccggaaatt ctcaaagcc ggcgcccac 
      tactcagga aaggccgca gatatgtgg tcgctagga 
      gtcatcctt tacacgatg ctagtcgga agatacccc 
      ttcagcgat tcggagcac gcgtccctg tttgcgaaa 
      atctcccga ggccatttc gtaattcct gaatgtctg 
      tcgtcccgt gcgagatgt ttaattcgc tcgctgttg 
      cggcgagag ccttcggag cggatcacg tccgaagac 
      atcttgtac cacccttgg ctggcgaag gaggacagg 
      gagtggaca tcgcgggcg tgcgatcaa ttagtgccc 
      gaatgtagt ctttacgac gactag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033074 RA
      cggagcagt agcgcgatg actttggtt gtgcgcaca 
      ctcgccgtg gcagtgtta ttatagttt tgtgttaac 
      accgttttg ttattattt agttgattc attttttgt 
      ttcggttat tttgcagtt acgccttac atttcgtta 
      cggctccga gaacgggaa ggaaggtgg agttgtgct 
      aggataaca aattgactc aaaaaattt aatttattt 
      tgtgttcgg tttgtgtgt gaagtgcga caatgcaaa 
      acgtacaag aagtgatgc cgagtgtta gacttaacg 
      gggtggaca agacggtgg aagttgcgg cctcctccg 
      gggaagtga ttaaaaagt tccgggtga gccagccga 
      gggaggagt gccggaggc acaggctca ccaccgacc 
      gggaccaaa cttcgcccc tgagcccca accaaagtg 
      ataaacatt tccagacct cggtggtcg ccgataagt 
      atttgctgc tggagcagg ccgagggca gctccttgt 
      accggtgcg tggacgtca acacccagg aggagttgg 
      tctgcaaga tcgtttcaa aggactgtc attcgttgg 
      tatcggcgc attatcgcc tcgattcgc atccgaggg 
      tctcatctt tgcacgaag tcgtcgtag gtaatcgct 
      acttgtatt tggtttatc ccaaggctc acggcgacc 
      tacattcgt acgtgaggt caaggaaaa gactgaggg 
      aatccgaag ccaagaggc tcttcaaac aaattgccg 
      aaacagtac aagtttgtc ataggaacg gaatagtat 
      taagggatt taaagctga ggaaattcg tcttcgctg 
      atggccaaa ggacggagc tgaaattag agtcactag 
      aagatgccg tcgtgctgg aagaaccgg aaaccgact 
      ggctacatg ataaaagag gatgtcctg cttacgtga 
      gtccggaaa ttctcaaag ccggcgccc actactcag 
      gaaaggccg cagatatgt ggtcgctag gagtcatcc 
      tttacacga tgctagtcg gaagatacc ccttcagcg 
      attcggagc acgcgtccc tgtttgcga aaatctccc 
      gaggccatt tcgtaattc ctgaatgtc tgtcgtccc 
      gtgcgagat gtttaattc gctcgctgt tgcggcgag 
      agccttcgg agcggatca cgtccgaag acatcttgt 
      accaccctt ggctggcga aggaggaca gggagtgga 
      catcgcggg cgtgcgatc aattagtgc ccgaatgta 
      gtctttacg acgactagc tcgagggcg gaaaacgtg 
      caagtttcg tgctgtgtt ttagtaata taaggaagc 
      cattcgttt tttcttttg ttgttagga gtaatttat 
      aattgtttt ttcctttta atcatttcg ttttaaacg 
      ggtctgcgg ccggacttc gtaggtgat cgtcgttgt 
      cttatttat ttgttttcg ccgatgttg ttatttacg 
      gcacctatg gagcgcggt ctggtcatc caatgaaac 
      acatttctg atattacga agtagttta aaatctcat 
      catcaatgc gagtggttt atggactga attatttca 
      agcatcacg atatcatag tgattaatt tgaagactg 
      agcggttta ttattttgt gaccaattg tgcaattta 
      gcttaattt tgctcaaaa attgtcaga tcaggagtg 
      aagtttaat taatgagtg tttctcaag cgatatgac 
      attttttct tgaatgttg gggagggag gtgtggagc 
      aactggccc gattcttat gaaaggcga cttgtgcgt 
      aaatagatg cactgcgtg ggagtgcaa tccaaagat 
      ctttaagtt tttatttgt tttaaaaga attttcgtt 
      gatttcgca agaggttgc gttagtttc ttcgtagga 
      ttagttgta cataattgt taccccgtc tccactatt 
      ttattacgc acaacggga gacatcggt ccagtcgct 
      tcactaata acaaattgt caaaatcat gtgatcgtt 
      aggtcaata ctaatgcaa tgtggaact taggctaag 
      taagtgaaa taatttcat atcgtgatg ctactagga 
      acgttatag tttgcaatg tgatctcgg tcaaattgt 
      caaagtttg gccatcgac gtgtaggta tatttctgt 
      ggaactgaa ttgtatata attttgttt ttatttcgt 
      ttcctaatt tatcgtaag gtcctaggt taatctatg 
      taaattttg tacatagct ttgcatttt atttgtgaa 
      ttcgtttca tggttgttc tatgctgtt gtccataat 
      aaaaaacat cattattt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY