Status
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Gene information
General information
TC006344 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 7531072..7533406
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC006344
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_08908

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    cuticle remnants strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    cuticle remnants with unidentifyable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva fragmented - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head split - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head capsule structure irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax posterior constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen anterior constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC006344 RA
      MFSRFLILV TLLSAVHGT LTPKSRKDK RDDKFFVHI 
      KTGPQNITV FDRNLVTEA ATPREVLQN YLAYFREID 
      NYQFDGLVL GYVTPWNNE GYDIAKIFG NKFTHISPV 
      WLEIKKSNN RFDFSGTHD IDKKWIIHV KNAGRERKL 
      KIVPRILFS GLNENQMNS LFDPKELKS LIKTLITTA 
      KSYNFDGYV IEIWPQLQM DMNYDPLIN LVRTIGDSL 
      ALESLDTIL VIPPKRGRN LPFSEDHFN ALYDHVTAF 
      SLMTYDYSN PRRPGPNAP LTWVEDCIK TVSSQESKR 
      GKILTGFNF YGNHYSEVG GKPILGHEF IRKLEEKLK 
      TARMIYDPQ IAEHYVEYE ESNGKHLLF YPTLYSIHK 
      RIELCKKLG TGISIWELG QGLKYFYDL L
    CDS sequence
    • >TC006344 RA
      atgttttca cggtttctc attcttgtc acgttgtta 
      tcagctgtt cacgggacg ttgacgccg aagtcgcgc 
      aaggataag cgcgacgat aagttcttt gtgcacatc 
      aaaacgggg ccccaaaac attaccgtc tttgaccgg 
      aatttggtg acggaagcg gccactccg agggaggtt 
      ttgcagaat tatctagcg tatttcagg gaaattgac 
      aattatcag tttgatggg cttgtgctg ggctacgtg 
      actccttgg aacaatgag gggtacgac attgccaaa 
      attttcggg aacaagttt acgcacatt agccccgtt 
      tggttggaa atcaaaaaa tcaaacaac cggtttgac 
      ttcagtgga acacacgat attgacaag aagtggata 
      atacacgtg aaaaatgca ggacgggag aggaaactt 
      aaaattgtc cctagaatt ctctttagt ggtttgaat 
      gagaaccaa atgaactca ctcttcgac cctaaagag 
      ctgaaatcg ttaattaaa acactgata acaaccgcg 
      aaatcgtac aatttcgac ggttacgtg atcgagatc 
      tggccccaa ctccagatg gacatgaat tacgacccc 
      ttgatcaac cttgtgaga accataggg gactccctg 
      gccttagaa tccttagac acaatcctg gtaattccc 
      ccgaaacgg ggccgcaat ttgcccttc tcggaggat 
      catttcaac gcattatat gaccatgtg actgcattt 
      tccctcatg acttatgat tattccaac ccgaggcgc 
      cccggcccc aatgccccc ttgacctgg gtcgaagac 
      tgcattaaa accgtgtct tcgcaagag tccaaaagg 
      ggcaaaatt ttgaccggt tttaatttc tatggaaat 
      cattattct gaagtcggg ggaaaaccc atcctgggg 
      cacgagttt atccgaaaa ttggaggag aaattgaaa 
      actgcgagg atgatttat gatccacaa atcgccgag 
      cattacgtt gaatacgag gaatcgaac ggcaaacat 
      ttgcttttc taccccacg ttgtattca attcacaaa 
      cgcatcgaa ctgtgcaaa aaactgggg acggggatt 
      tccatctgg gagttggga caaggactg aaatatttt 
      tacgatttg ttatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC006344 RA
      cactcattt ttcgaaatt ccaaatttt tgaaatgtt 
      ttcacggtt tctcattct tgtcacgtt gttatcagc 
      tgttcacgg gacgttgac gccgaagtc gcgcaagga 
      taagcgcga cgataagtt ctttgtgca catcaaaac 
      ggggcccca aaacattac cgtctttga ccggaattt 
      ggtgacgga agcggccac tccgaggga ggttttgca 
      gaattatct agcgtattt cagggaaat tgacaatta 
      tcagtttga tgggcttgt gctgggcta cgtgactcc 
      ttggaacaa tgaggggta cgacattgc caaaatttt 
      cgggaacaa gtttacgca cattagccc cgtttggtt 
      ggaaatcaa aaaatcaaa caaccggtt tgacttcag 
      tggaacaca cgatattga caagaagtg gataataca 
      cgtgaaaaa tgcaggacg ggagaggaa acttaaaat 
      tgtccctag aattctctt tagtggttt gaatgagaa 
      ccaaatgaa ctcactctt cgaccctaa agagctgaa 
      atcgttaat taaaacact gataacaac cgcgaaatc 
      gtacaattt cgacggtta cgtgatcga gatctggcc 
      ccaactcca gatggacat gaattacga ccccttgat 
      caaccttgt gagaaccat aggggactc cctggcctt 
      agaatcctt agacacaat cctggtaat tcccccgaa 
      acggggccg caatttgcc cttctcgga ggatcattt 
      caacgcatt atatgacca tgtgactgc attttccct 
      catgactta tgattattc caacccgag gcgccccgg 
      ccccaatgc ccccttgac ctgggtcga agactgcat 
      taaaaccgt gtcttcgca agagtccaa aaggggcaa 
      aattttgac cggttttaa tttctatgg aaatcatta 
      ttctgaagt cgggggaaa acccatcct ggggcacga 
      gtttatccg aaaattgga ggagaaatt gaaaactgc 
      gaggatgat ttatgatcc acaaatcgc cgagcatta 
      cgttgaata cgaggaatc gaacggcaa acatttgct 
      tttctaccc cacgttgta ttcaattca caaacgcat 
      cgaactgtg caaaaaact ggggacggg gatttccat 
      ctgggagtt gggacaagg actgaaata tttttacga 
      tttgttatg attttcctt ttctaaata aattattac 
      a
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY