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Gene information
General information
TC015563 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 2351310..2352906
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015563
    iBeetle screen iB_08902

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015563 RA
      MFELRVFLA GLALLAGFW GCDGHTYHL GGCPNIEPM 
      PAFSMKKML GIWYVVQKT STASTCITY NFTETEEPG 
      EYLLEQTSQ HFVLGLTPL KHEYHYTGR LSIPDDAVP 
      GRMKVRFPL SVAGSASYT VFMTDYDTY AGIFTCQKL 
      GFAHRQSAT ILSREKTLE QIYIDKIRS KLAAANIDP 
      FDLSIISQK NCPKGENGT NINIDDETF SAHSVAGVI 
      KKAGEKIGD GVEYVAGGA KKVYNKVAE NIGDDKDEK 
      SKLVTINPN AEWLP
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015563 RA
      atgtttgag ttgagagtg tttctggcc ggtttggct 
      cttttggct gggttttgg ggctgtgat gggcacacg 
      taccatctg ggcgggtgc ccaaacatc gaacccatg 
      cccgccttc agcatgaaa aagatgttg gggatctgg 
      tatgtcgtg caaaaaacc agcaccgcc agcacttgc 
      ataacttat aatttcacc gaaacggaa gaaccgggg 
      gagtaccta cttgaacag actagccaa cacttcgtg 
      ctagggctg acaccctta aaacacgaa tatcactac 
      actggccgt ttgtccatc cctgacgac gccgttcct 
      ggccgaatg aaagtcaga tttccgctt agtgttgcc 
      ggaagtgcc agttatacg gttttcatg acagactac 
      gatacatat gctggcatt ttcacgtgc caaaagtta 
      ggttttgca cacagacaa tcagccacg attttatcg 
      cgggagaag actttggaa caaatttac atcgataag 
      atcaggtcc aagttggct gcggccaat atagacccg 
      tttgatttg tcaattatt agtcagaaa aactgtcca 
      aagggcgaa aatgggacg aatattaac atcgacgat 
      gaaactttt tcggcgcac tcggtggct ggggttata 
      aagaaagcg ggcgagaaa atcggagat ggcgttgag 
      tatgtggcc ggaggggcg aagaaagtc tacaataaa 
      gttgccgaa aatatcgga gatgataag gacgagaag 
      agtaaatta gtcacgatt aacccgaat gccgaatgg 
      ttgccgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015563 RA
      actcattta ttatttaaa aagcaaagc tgtgaaggt 
      tcccagtca gttaagaag taacaagtg aagagaaat 
      gtttgagtt gagagtgtt tctggccgg tttggctct 
      tttggctgg gttttgggg ctgtgatgg gcacacgta 
      ccatctggg cgggtgccc aaacatcga acccatgcc 
      cgccttcag catgaaaaa gatgttggg gatctggta 
      tgtcgtgca aaaaaccag caccgccag cacttgcat 
      aacttataa tttcaccga aacggaaga accggggga 
      gtacctact tgaacagac tagccaaca cttcgtgct 
      agggctgac acccttaaa acacgaata tcactacac 
      tggccgttt gtccatccc tgacgacgc cgttcctgg 
      ccgaatgaa agtcagatt tccgcttag tgttgccgg 
      aagtgccag ttatacggt tttcatgac agactacga 
      tacatatgc tggcatttt cacgtgcca aaagttagg 
      ttttgcaca cagacaatc agccacgat tttatcgcg 
      ggagaagac tttggaaca aatttacat cgataagat 
      caggtccaa gttggctgc ggccaatat agacccgtt 
      tgatttgtc aattattag tcagaaaaa ctgtccaaa 
      gggcgaaaa tgggacgaa tattaacat cgacgatga 
      aactttttc ggcgcactc ggtggctgg ggttataaa 
      gaaagcggg cgagaaaat cggagatgg cgttgagta 
      tgtggccgg aggggcgaa gaaagtcta caataaagt 
      tgccgaaaa tatcggaga tgataagga cgagaagag 
      taaattagt cacgattaa cccgaatgc cgaatggtt 
      gccgtaaaa agcaatcag ggggtgaaa aagtgccaa 
      atattgtgt aagactgtt aaaaataaa tttttccaa 
      aagaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY