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Gene information
General information
TC033960
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC006125,TC006126
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 2725345..2771335
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033960
    iBeetle screen iB_08856

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature fluorescence decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033960 RA
      MDECRSDID RWIGAPRPG VPSSPTAPE 
      AEGPPVQME PVDLSVKTP VVLQVPKYP 
      PQRLRNPAP VNKLQPPPD IPKNVITPD 
      IPSRSLTSS TAALLALQK LKDASLSIT 
      RTSAETSMS KNVNNNNIS EDNRTDPTM 
      KRRKIHRCD VPGCNKVYT KSSHLKAHK 
      RTHTGEKPY QCTWDGCTW KFARSDELT 
      RHFRKHTGQ KPFSCNQCQ RSFSRSDHL 
      SLHMKRH
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033960 RA
      atggacgaa tgtcgttcc gacatcgac cggtggatc 
      ggagctccc aggccgggg gtgccctca tctccaaca 
      gctccggag gcagaaggc cccccagtc cagatggag 
      ccggtagat cttagcgtc aagacgccg gtcgtcctg 
      caagtacca aaatatccg ccacaaagg ctaagaaat 
      ccggcgcca gtgaacaaa ctacaacca ccaccagat 
      attcctaaa aatgtgata accccagac atcccttcg 
      cgatctctc acttcgtca acggcggcg ctgcttgca 
      ctccaaaaa ctcaaagat gcctcttta tcgatcacg 
      aggacatcg gcggaaaca tcgatgagt aaaaacgtc 
      aataacaac aacatcagc gaagataat cggacggat 
      ccgacgatg aaacggcga aaaatacac agatgtgac 
      gtccctgga tgtaataaa gtctatacg aaaagttcg 
      catttgaag gcgcacaag aggacgcac acaggggaa 
      aaaccgtac caatgtact tgggacggt tgcacctgg 
      aaattcgcc cgatccgac gaattgact cgccatttc 
      cgcaagcac acggggcaa aagcccttc agttgtaac 
      cagtgtcag cggtccttc agccgctcg gaccaccta 
      tccctccat atgaaaaga cactag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033960 RA
      ggccgcctg tgatgttcc cgtgcgcta tgttctcgt 
      cgaagccgt ggtgtccca tcagtgtgt atctaacgt 
      tgatggcgt tagtttcgc cgctattta cgatgtttt 
      ccgatcccg attcgtaac gcccccaaa accccctct 
      tttttttca aaaaaaaaa caatgcatt aaggactct 
      cgcggccag taagaacgt acgtccgga aactcagtg 
      ccttttgtg acgatgatt cgcgcgtga ttgtgacag 
      gaaactcga ccgatttcg tccaagata agccggtca 
      tcatcagga tttcatatg gttttcatg gacgaatgt 
      cgttccgac atcgaccgg tggatcgga gctcccagg 
      ccgggggtg ccctcatct ccaacagct ccggaggca 
      gaaggcccc ccagtccag atggagccg gtagatctt 
      agcgtcaag acgccggtc gtcctgcaa gtaccaaaa 
      tatccgcca caaaggcta agaaatccg gcgccagtg 
      aacaaacta caaccacca ccagatatt cctaaaaat 
      gtgataacc ccagacatc ccttcgcga tctctcact 
      tcgtcaacg gcggcgctg cttgcactc caaaaactc 
      aaagatgcc tctttatcg atcacgagg acatcggcg 
      gaaacatcg atgagtaaa aacgtcaat aacaacaac 
      atcagcgaa gataatcgg acggatccg acgatgaaa 
      cggcgaaaa atacacaga tgtgacgtc cctggatgt 
      aataaagtc tatacgaaa agttcgcat ttgaaggcg 
      cacaagagg acgcacaca ggggaaaaa ccgtaccaa 
      tgtacttgg gacggttgc acctggaaa ttcgcccga 
      tccgacgaa ttgactcgc catttccgc aagcacacg 
      gggcaaaag cccttcagt tgtaaccag tgtcagcgg 
      tccttcagc cgctcggac cacctatcc ctccatatg 
      aaaagacac tagaaggca tcgcccagc aaaattggt 
      gctaaatta cccgaaatt gtaaataaa ttgaatgat 
      tttgtacat ttttgtaaa tataaatcc gaactcaaa 
      gctggtgtg agattaaaa ttgccaaca ttcctaatt 
      ttagcttta gttaaaaac agtaatcgg aacgatgtg 
      ccagtagca aaggtcaga ttataggtt aagtcttcc 
      ggatttgcg acagggacg ccctgtata agacaatcc 
      ctacataag tgcaattat agttagttg gctttctta 
      ggtttaagt aaatcaata tattttgta aagtatatc 
      ggtgaccag gggccgtat tatatttat attttgtaa 
      ataactcaa cgacccgag tcccacaat ctattctat 
      gtatagttt aagtttata atgtaatgc cagtaatag 
      gggccagta tattatttt agttgtaat tacatttct 
      atttacaga tctctgttt atcgagtct catttgttt 
      tctcgcatg actttgttt cctgttcat ttggcccaa 
      ttaacaagt cggcgggaa acaaatgac acgctatgt 
      catttcgtt ggcacacac tgtatagta gccacccat 
      tgggcattt tcagtcaag acaataaca gaatgttat 
      attttgtag atgggacat atttattaa tgttattat 
      actaagttg tttcaataa aataaaata tgtggaagg 
      gt
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