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Gene information
General information
TC009809 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 8494286..8495691
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009809
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_08736

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head capsule not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    head appendages random not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009809 RA
      MFGCGRPKN RENDEEREH DRRFKRSTK LLLLGTGES 
      GKTTIIKQM KILHINGFS TEEKKQKIP YIKQNIHES 
      IYDIVYNMD KIDPPVKLE KSGNEECAK FILDLGPEE 
      LEEYTEEYF DNVKSLWND QGVQKTFER SNEYQLIDS 
      AQHFLDRID EIRKPDYIP STQDILFCR IRTTSISEI 
      EFSVPVPKT YGGGSANFL MYDVGGQRG ERRKWIQVF 
      DGIDAILFI IAASDFDQT LREDESKNR LEEALSVFR 
      DMCGSRFLR KAGMIVFLN KQDLFQRKI EHGRKLEKY 
      FPEYKNFNK TLGSAVDNA KAFLEEKIT QMSKIQVTV 
      KNYNPITKT VTEEKLPPR DIYIHHTIA TDTQNVKKV 
      FDSVHEMII KESVKNIAS Y
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009809 RA
      atgtttggt tgtgggcgt cccaaaaat agagaaaac 
      gatgaagaa agagaacat gacagacgt ttcaaaaga 
      tcgaccaaa ttactactt ttgggtaca ggtgaatct 
      ggaaaaact acaatcatt aaacaaatg aaaattttg 
      cacattaat ggattttca accgaagaa aagaaacaa 
      aaaattcca tacatcaag caaaatatt cacgagtct 
      atctatgat attgtttac aacatggat aaaattgat 
      cctcctgta aaactggag aagagcgga aatgaagaa 
      tgcgccaaa tttatttta gacttgggg ccagaagaa 
      ctagaggaa tacactgag gaatatttt gataacgtg 
      aagagcctt tggaacgat caaggggtg caaaaaacg 
      ttcgagcgc tcaaacgaa taccagtta atagacagc 
      gcccaacat ttcttagac cgtattgac gaaattagg 
      aagccggac tacatcccc tcaactcaa gacattctg 
      ttttgccga attcgcacc acttccatt tcggagatt 
      gagttcagc gtcccagtc cctaaaaca tacgggggc 
      ggaagcgcc aatttcctc atgtacgat gtagggggc 
      cagcggggg gaacgccgc aaatggata caagttttc 
      gacggaatt gacgcaatt ttattcata atcgcggcc 
      agtgatttc gatcaaaca ctacgagaa gatgaatcg 
      aaaaatcgg cttgaggaa gctttgtcc gttttcaga 
      gacatgtgt ggaagccgg tttttacga aaggctgga 
      atgattgtt tttctcaac aaacaggac ctcttccag 
      aggaaaata gagcacggg agaaaattg gaaaagtac 
      ttccccgag tacaaaaat tttaataaa actctgggt 
      tctgcggtg gataatgcg aaagccttc ctcgaggag 
      aagataaca caaatgtcg aaaatacaa gtaacagtg 
      aaaaattat aatccaatt acaaaaaca gtaactgag 
      gagaagctg ccccctagg gatatttat atccaccac 
      actatcgct acagacact cagaatgtt aaaaaagtg 
      tttgatagc gtccacgaa atgataatt aaggaaagt 
      gtaaaaaac attgcaagt tactaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009809 RA
      acctggtta aaaaataaa aatgtttgg ttgtgggcg 
      tcccaaaaa tagagaaaa cgatgaaga aagagaaca 
      tgacagacg tttcaaaag atcgaccaa attactact 
      tttgggtac aggtgaatc tggaaaaac tacaatcat 
      taaacaaat gaaaatttt gcacattaa tggattttc 
      aaccgaaga aaagaaaca aaaaattcc atacatcaa 
      gcaaaatat tcacgagtc tatctatga tattgttta 
      caacatgga taaaattga tcctcctgt aaaactgga 
      gaagagcgg aaatgaaga atgcgccaa atttatttt 
      agacttggg gccagaaga actagagga atacactga 
      ggaatattt tgataacgt gaagagcct ttggaacga 
      tcaaggggt gcaaaaaac gttcgagcg ctcaaacga 
      ataccagtt aatagacag cgcccaaca tttcttaga 
      ccgtattga cgaaattag gaagccgga ctacatccc 
      ctcaactca agacattct gttttgccg aattcgcac 
      cacttccat ttcggagat tgagttcag cgtcccagt 
      ccctaaaac atacggggg cggaagcgc caatttcct 
      catgtacga tgtaggggg ccagcgggg ggaacgccg 
      caaatggat acaagtttt cgacggaat tgacgcaat 
      tttattcat aatcgcggc cagtgattt cgatcaaac 
      actacgaga agatgaatc gaaaaatcg gcttgagga 
      agctttgtc cgttttcag agacatgtg tggaagccg 
      gtttttacg aaaggctgg aatgattgt ttttctcaa 
      caaacagga cctcttcca gaggaaaat agagcacgg 
      gagaaaatt ggaaaagta cttccccga gtacaaaaa 
      ttttaataa aactctggg ttctgcggt ggataatgc 
      gaaagcctt cctcgagga gaagataac acaaatgtc 
      gaaaataca agtaacagt gaaaaatta taatccaat 
      tacaaaaac agtaactga ggagaagct gccccctag 
      ggatattta tatccacca cactatcgc tacagacac 
      tcagaatgt taaaaaagt gtttgatag cgtccacga 
      aatgataat taaggaaag tgtaaaaaa cattgcaag 
      ttactaata caaatttat tacaagttt acacaaata 
      ctttactta agcaaagac cacttgagt tgctctttg 
      gccgactgt attacctat aaataaacg tatttgtta 
      tta
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY