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Gene information
General information
TC014630 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 12610217..12612071
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014630
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_08390

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014630 RA
      MSAPLFACS RCFSRHPFE ELSAGQQLC KECRGAFPV 
      VKCTYCRSE FQQTSKGST STICKKCEQ NVKAYGKPT 
      ACEYCNIIA AFIGNKCQR CTNSEIKYG PPVNCEQCK 
      QKCAFDRHD DDKKVDGKL LCWLCTLSF KRALAKTKQ 
      GDAERRAHM KISQLHKSK HKEGKLRGH NKRPHRVDV 
      TKLPALDND NGIPTKVSR NNASPGLIR AELDPNSSD 
      HVVAMTQLK EKIATLQKQ LSLKDTQLL NKDKMITEL 
      KAKHFTTES ELRTKMKNC QKECDDKIE ALNKRITSL 
      LKEVASLSK SAKKNKFVS ASAAENSNN SGSGTDSPS 
      LQ
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014630 RA
      atgagtgca ccattgttt gcctgttct cgttgtttc 
      tcccgacat ccgttcgag gagttgtcc gcgggacaa 
      caactgtgt aaagagtgt cgaggggca tttcctgtc 
      gtgaagtgc acctactgc cgctcggaa ttccaacag 
      acttccaag ggaagcact agcacaatt tgtaaaaag 
      tgtgaacag aacgttaag gcatatgga aagcccacc 
      gcttgcgaa tactgcaat attatcgct gctttcata 
      ggaaataag tgtcaaaga tgtactaac tccgagatt 
      aagtatgga cccccagtc aactgcgaa caatgcaag 
      cagaagtgc gcgttcgac cgccacgac gacgataaa 
      aaggtcgac ggaaagctt ctgtgttgg ctgtgcacg 
      ttatctttc aagcgagcg ctagccaaa acaaagcaa 
      ggcgacgcc gaaaggcga gcccacatg aaaatatca 
      caattacac aaatccaag cacaaggag ggaaaatta 
      cgtggtcac aacaagcgg ccgcatcgc gtcgacgta 
      acaaagctc ccagcactg gacaacgac aacggcata 
      cccacgaag gtgtcgcgc aacaacgct agccccggc 
      ttgattcgg gccgaactt gaccctaac agttccgac 
      cacgtggtc gcaatgact cagttgaag gaaaaaatc 
      gccacgttg caaaaacag ctcagtttg aaagatact 
      cagttactg aataaagat aaaatgata accgaactg 
      aaggcgaag cacttcact acggaatcc gaactgaga 
      accaagatg aaaaattgc cagaaggaa tgcgacgac 
      aagattgag gcgctgaat aagcgcatc accagtctc 
      ttgaaggag gtggcgagt ttgtcgaaa agcgccaag 
      aaaaataag tttgttagc gcttcagcg gccgaaaat 
      tcgaacaac agtggcagt ggcaccgac agtcctagc 
      cttcagtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014630 RA
      ggacgggtg gcagcacag acaggcatt tgtagcaaa 
      ttattttcc attttttgc gtattgttt gtatttttg 
      tgcaaagtg cagtgatag aaattgtga ttacgagcc 
      gattctctc tttaaataa gcggcaaac gcaaataaa 
      atgaaataa tgttaataa cctgtccaa ggtatgttt 
      gtggagttt gcacttgtc aatgattta catgtactt 
      gatatcaac cgaattatt tttgtctag tcgcagtta 
      ttaggccca agaaaccaa caaagggtc atcttatca 
      ggttacctc attgatggg aaggtgttt taggtttcc 
      accacaaca atgagtgca ccattgttt gcctgttct 
      cgttgtttc tcccgacat ccgttcgag gagttgtcc 
      gcgggacaa caactgtgt aaagagtgt cgaggggca 
      tttcctgtc gtgaagtgc acctactgc cgctcggaa 
      ttccaacag acttccaag ggaagcact agcacaatt 
      tgtaaaaag tgtgaacag aacgttaag gcatatgga 
      aagcccacc gcttgcgaa tactgcaat attatcgct 
      gctttcata ggaaataag tgtcaaaga tgtactaac 
      tccgagatt aagtatgga cccccagtc aactgcgaa 
      caatgcaag cagaagtgc gcgttcgac cgccacgac 
      gacgataaa aaggtcgac ggaaagctt ctgtgttgg 
      ctgtgcacg ttatctttc aagcgagcg ctagccaaa 
      acaaagcaa ggcgacgcc gaaaggcga gcccacatg 
      aaaatatca caattacac aaatccaag cacaaggag 
      ggaaaatta cgtggtcac aacaagcgg ccgcatcgc 
      gtcgacgta acaaagctc ccagcactg gacaacgac 
      aacggcata cccacgaag gtgtcgcgc aacaacgct 
      agccccggc ttgattcgg gccgaactt gaccctaac 
      agttccgac cacgtggtc gcaatgact cagttgaag 
      gaaaaaatc gccacgttg caaaaacag ctcagtttg 
      aaagatact cagttactg aataaagat aaaatgata 
      accgaactg aaggcgaag cacttcact acggaatcc 
      gaactgaga accaagatg aaaaattgc cagaaggaa 
      tgcgacgac aagattgag gcgctgaat aagcgcatc 
      accagtctc ttgaaggag gtggcgagt ttgtcgaaa 
      agcgccaag aaaaataag tttgttagc gcttcagcg 
      gccgaaaat tcgaacaac agtggcagt ggcaccgac 
      agtcctagc cttcagtaa acggttttt ttaaataac 
      tgttcgtaa aaatgtata gtgcggttt aacgattcg 
      gggtcggct gatagtcaa ttttattct tcggttatt 
      tattacgga aattttaat attttatgg gtcggtgac 
      agtaagcgg cccttattg gctaatgta aattcaaac 
      gcccccttg gaatcgcac tatatatcc gtttgtgca 
      cacacatac atatttaat ttacgtctg ttattatgt 
      atatgtcga ccatgtgag tcttaatta attgaataa 
      actagtttt attaaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY