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Gene information
General information
TC013453 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 9315919..9317324
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (2) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013453
    iBeetle screen iB_08306

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013453 RA
      MAFNFPAFS YIIALIVDA FLIFFSLFH 
      VIAFDELKT DYKNPIDQC NSLNPLVVP 
      EYLLHIFFN VLFVAAGEW FSLLLNIPL 
      IIYHINRYR TRPVMSGLG IYDPTSIMN 
      ADVLTRCQR EGWIKLAFY LLSFFYYLY 
      GMIYCLISA
    • >TC013453 RB
      MAFNFPAFS YIIALIVDA FLIFFSLFH 
      VIAFDELKT DYKNPIDQC NSLNPLVVP 
      EYLLHIFFN VLFVAAGEW FSLLLNIPL 
      IIYHINRYR TRPVMSGLG IYDPTSIMN 
      ADVLTRCQR EGWIKLAFY LLSFFYYLY 
      GYVIALENA HDHT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013453 RA
      atggcgttc aatttccct gcattttcg tatatcatt 
      gccctgatt gtcgacgct tttcttata tttttctcc 
      ctgtttcac gtgattgca tttgatgaa ttaaaaact 
      gattacaag aaccccatt gaccagtgt aacagctta 
      aatccgcta gtggtgcca gagtacctc cttcacatt 
      ttctttaac gtccttttt gttgccgcc ggagaatgg 
      ttttcactg cttctcaac atcccgctg atcatttat 
      cacatcaat aggtacagg acaaggcct gtgatgtcg 
      ggcttaggg atttacgac cccactagt attatgaac 
      gctgatgtc ttgaccagg tgtcagagg gaagggtgg 
      attaagctc gcgttttac ttgttatcc ttcttttat 
      tacctttat ggaatgatt tactgttta atctcggcg 
      tga
    • >TC013453 RB
      atggcgttc aatttccct gcattttcg tatatcatt 
      gccctgatt gtcgacgct tttcttata tttttctcc 
      ctgtttcac gtgattgca tttgatgaa ttaaaaact 
      gattacaag aaccccatt gaccagtgt aacagctta 
      aatccgcta gtggtgcca gagtacctc cttcacatt 
      ttctttaac gtccttttt gttgccgcc ggagaatgg 
      ttttcactg cttctcaac atcccgctg atcatttat 
      cacatcaat aggtacagg acaaggcct gtgatgtcg 
      ggcttaggg atttacgac cccactagt attatgaac 
      gctgatgtc ttgaccagg tgtcagagg gaagggtgg 
      attaagctc gcgttttac ttgttatcc ttcttttat 
      tacctttat gggtatgta atagcgtta gaaaacgcc 
      catgatcac acatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013453 RA
      caggtgtca gttgtcaaa agtcgataa cggtaacct 
      aaaaattga aaaatagcc gattttccg ttcttgggc 
      tgtttttaa tctgaaaag cacgggagt gccgccgaa 
      gttaatgtc ccgtgtttg aatacctaa tctaagtca 
      aacacaatt atcaaaacg ctgtgaaag tgtgaattt 
      tgataacaa caaaaatgg cgttcaatt tccctgcat 
      tttcgtata tcattgccc tgattgtcg acgcttttc 
      ttatatttt tctccctgt ttcacgtga ttgcatttg 
      atgaattaa aaactgatt acaagaacc ccattgacc 
      agtgtaaca gcttaaatc cgctagtgg tgccagagt 
      acctccttc acattttct ttaacgtcc tttttgttg 
      ccgccggag aatggtttt cactgcttc tcaacatcc 
      cgctgatca tttatcaca tcaataggt acaggacaa 
      ggcctgtga tgtcgggct tagggattt acgacccca 
      ctagtatta tgaacgctg atgtcttga ccaggtgtc 
      agagggaag ggtggatta agctcgcgt tttacttgt 
      tatccttct tttattacc tttatggaa tgatttact 
      gtttaatct cggcgtgag tacttgcaa cttccaaag 
      aattgagaa gaaaaaatt gagggtggg attaaaaag 
      gatttcggt tcttattat tatgtttta gtaattgag 
      gaacgtaat attaagcat aatagaaag aactgactt 
      cctttaatc ttagggcag ttaatgtga tttatttag 
      attatttgt acacgatcc tgttagtct tttctgaaa 
      aatatgcca ggagtctaa acgaggtcg agagtgctg 
      tgaaaattt cataaatgg gtgtcttga tgttataaa 
      attaaactt ggcacatca tttgacatg aaatggttt 
      tggagctct tgaccacgt tctcttggc aatatacta 
      atcagaaaa gatttacat cataattac atacattgc 
      tagtacttt acattattt caaggtatt atgtaaata 
      aaaatttat cattgac
    • >TC013453 RB
      caggtgtca gttgtcaaa agtcgataa cggtaacct 
      aaaaattga aaaatagcc gattttccg ttcttgggc 
      tgtttttaa tctgaaaag cacgggagt gccgccgaa 
      gttaatgtc ccgtgtttg aatacctaa tctaagtca 
      aacacaatt atcaaaacg ctgtgaaag tgtgaattt 
      tgataacaa caaaaatgg cgttcaatt tccctgcat 
      tttcgtata tcattgccc tgattgtcg acgcttttc 
      ttatatttt tctccctgt ttcacgtga ttgcatttg 
      atgaattaa aaactgatt acaagaacc ccattgacc 
      agtgtaaca gcttaaatc cgctagtgg tgccagagt 
      acctccttc acattttct ttaacgtcc tttttgttg 
      ccgccggag aatggtttt cactgcttc tcaacatcc 
      cgctgatca tttatcaca tcaataggt acaggacaa 
      ggcctgtga tgtcgggct tagggattt acgacccca 
      ctagtatta tgaacgctg atgtcttga ccaggtgtc 
      agagggaag ggtggatta agctcgcgt tttacttgt 
      tatccttct tttattacc tttatgggt atgtaatag 
      cgttagaaa acgcccatg atcacacat gatagttgt 
      atcattttt gtactgtta ctttgacga tttctggtc 
      gtaagaata taaaattta ttatgtaaa atgctctca 
      ataaactat ataaacacg a
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY