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Gene information
General information
TC032829
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC008171
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 6054448..6055619
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC032829
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_08131

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    cuticle remnants strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva cuticle irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    larva segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    labrum not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    antenna mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head appendages shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    head appendages orientation irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head capsule size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    legs shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    mesothoracic tracheal opening size increased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax partially constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen tracheal opening sometimes size increased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC032829 RA
      MDDTKLEMF DDVGGLVEG EMSIPGNKT 
      TQSIGKPDF NTLDEPIRD TILRDLKAV 
      GIKFSHVLF PKEKKTLLK EWDLWGPLL 
      LCTFMAMVL QGSRTADDS NDGGPEFAA 
      VFVIVWVGS MVVTLNSKL LGGNISFFQ 
      SICVLGYCL LPTTIALIV CKVILLLEH 
      TNLLFFLRF SVSMVGFAW ATYASIVFL 
      GDSQKPGRK VLAVYPIFL FYFIISWLV 
      ISHTNT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC032829 RA
      atggatgac acgaaatta gagatgttt gacgatgtt 
      gggggtctt gtcgagggg gaaatgtcc attccaggc 
      aataaaact acacagagt atagggaaa cccgacttt 
      aatacgtta gacgaacct atcagggac acaatattg 
      cgcgacttg aaggctgta gggattaaa ttctcacac 
      gttttattt cccaaagag aaaaagact ttacttaaa 
      gaatgggat ttgtgggga cctctattg ttgtgcaca 
      tttatggcc atggttttg cagggttct aggacagcc 
      gatgattca aacgatggt ggcccagaa tttgccgca 
      gtttttgtc atagtttgg gtaggctca atggttgtc 
      acactgaac tcgaaatta ttaggtggc aacatatca 
      tttttccaa agtatatgt gtcctgggc tattgtttg 
      ctgcccaca accatagct ttgattgtt tgcaaagtg 
      attcttcta ctggaacac acaaatttg ttatttttt 
      ctaagattc tcagtctca atggttggg tttgcttgg 
      gccacttat gcctctata gtgtttcta ggggatagc 
      cagaagccg ggcagaaaa gtattagca gtttatcca 
      atttttcta ttttatttc attatttcg tggcttgtt 
      atttcacac acaaacaca taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC032829 RA
      ccctggaat tttgtatac gttgtcagt ctgacagat 
      gacatgttc acattttgt aaacagacc gtttttgga 
      acattgaga taaaaaggg ctaaagact cgttgtaat 
      aatggatga cacgaaatt agagatgtt tgacgatgt 
      tgggggtct tgtcgaggg ggaaatgtc cattccagg 
      caataaaac tacacagag tatagggaa acccgactt 
      taatacgtt agacgaacc tatcaggga cacaatatt 
      gcgcgactt gaaggctgt agggattaa attctcaca 
      cgttttatt tcccaaaga gaaaaagac tttacttaa 
      agaatggga tttgtgggg acctctatt gttgtgcac 
      atttatggc catggtttt gcagggttc taggacagc 
      cgatgattc aaacgatgg tggcccaga atttgccgc 
      agtttttgt catagtttg ggtaggctc aatggttgt 
      cacactgaa ctcgaaatt attaggtgg caacatatc 
      atttttcca aagtatatg tgtcctggg ctattgttt 
      gctgcccac aaccatagc tttgattgt ttgcaaagt 
      gattcttct actggaaca cacaaattt gttattttt 
      tctaagatt ctcagtctc aatggttgg gtttgcttg 
      ggccactta tgcctctat agtgtttct aggggatag 
      ccagaagcc gggcagaaa agtattagc agtttatcc 
      aatttttct attttattt cattatttc gtggcttgt 
      tatttcaca cacaaacac ataaggctt tgtgacacg 
      actgtacat aattattta ttacataag ctaaagtat 
      ttgtcctgc aagttccat taatgtata tcttgtaca 
      aaaataaag aacgaaaaa tgaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY