Status
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Gene information
General information
TC003427 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 4919607..4920894
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003427
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_07960

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult nutritional state bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult nutritional state potentially bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003427 RA
      MSAEEEHVQ VEDKPEVKT ELKPSKSGS VLFPNENKY 
      SHIKNKLVR TQQYQKAKK EQKKAKKLA KKEREREGG 
      AKKVPHTLE TLRLKDETT VEDVNTEEN ELVRNDFDN 
      DEFSEYYQQ SYEPKVLIT YSDNPLRKT RIFGRELTR 
      IIPNSVSLY RNRSGVKKI IKSATKRNY TDILVINEN 
      RHEPDGLLV IHLPNGPTA HFKLSNVKI TTELRKNHK 
      DINDHRPEV ILNNFSTRL GLTIGRMLG ALFHYEPEF 
      VGRRAVTFH NQRDYIFFR HYRYEFDKD GKKARLKEL 
      GPRFTLKLR SLQKGTFDS KYGQYEWII EGRRHAMET 
      SRRKFFL
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003427 RA
      atgtcggcg gaagaggag cacgtgcaa gttgaggac 
      aaaccggag gtaaaaact gaattaaaa ccgtcgaaa 
      agtggctcc gtgttgttc cccaatgag aacaaatat 
      tcacacatt aagaataaa ttagtgcga actcaacag 
      taccagaaa gccaaaaag gaacagaag aaggcgaag 
      aaattggcc aagaaagag cgtgagagg gaaggtggg 
      gccaaaaaa gtgccccac acgcttgaa accctaagg 
      ttaaaagac gaaaccaca gttgaggat gttaacact 
      gaagaaaac gaattggtc agaaacgac tttgacaac 
      gacgagttc agcgagtat taccaacag tcctacgag 
      cctaaagtc cttatcact tactccgat aatcccttg 
      cggaaaact cgaattttt ggacgtgag ttgaccagg 
      atcattccc aattcggtc tccttgtac cggaacagg 
      tcaggtgtt aaaaaaatt ataaagagc gccacaaaa 
      cgaaactat actgatatt ctcgttatt aatgaaaat 
      cggcatgaa cctgacggt ttacttgtt attcatttg 
      cccaatggg ccgacggcg cactttaag ctttccaac 
      gtcaaaatt acgaccgag ttgcgcaaa aatcacaaa 
      gacatcaac gatcataga cctgaagtc attttaaat 
      aatttttca actaggttg ggcttgact attgggaga 
      atgctgggg gcgctgttt cactacgag cctgagttt 
      gtggggcgc agggcggtc acgtttcac aaccaacgt 
      gattacata tttttcagg cactatagg tatgaattt 
      gataaagac ggcaagaag gctcggttg aaggaactg 
      gggcctagg tttaccttg aagttgagg tcattacag 
      aaagggact tttgatagc aagtatgga cagtatgag 
      tggattatt gaagggaga aggcatgcc atggaaaca 
      agcaggaga aagtttttc ttgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003427 RA
      tggttgtta caaccacca acttaatca actaaaact 
      cccgtcaaa cgaattcaa aaaatgtcg gcggaagag 
      gagcacgtg caagttgag gacaaaccg gaggtaaaa 
      actgaatta aaaccgtcg aaaagtggc tccgtgttg 
      ttccccaat gagaacaaa tattcacac attaagaat 
      aaattagtg cgaactcaa cagtaccag aaagccaaa 
      aaggaacag aagaaggcg aagaaattg gccaagaaa 
      gagcgtgag agggaaggt ggggccaaa aaagtgccc 
      cacacgctt gaaacccta aggttaaaa gacgaaacc 
      acagttgag gatgttaac actgaagaa aacgaattg 
      gtcagaaac gactttgac aacgacgag ttcagcgag 
      tattaccaa cagtcctac gagcctaaa gtccttatc 
      acttactcc gataatccc ttgcggaaa actcgaatt 
      tttggacgt gagttgacc aggatcatt cccaattcg 
      gtctccttg taccggaac aggtcaggt gttaaaaaa 
      attataaag agcgccaca aaacgaaac tatactgat 
      attctcgtt attaatgaa aatcggcat gaacctgac 
      ggtttactt gttattcat ttgcccaat gggccgacg 
      gcgcacttt aagctttcc aacgtcaaa attacgacc 
      gagttgcgc aaaaatcac aaagacatc aacgatcat 
      agacctgaa gtcatttta aataatttt tcaactagg 
      ttgggcttg actattggg agaatgctg ggggcgctg 
      tttcactac gagcctgag tttgtgggg cgcagggcg 
      gtcacgttt cacaaccaa cgtgattac atatttttc 
      aggcactat aggtatgaa tttgataaa gacggcaag 
      aaggctcgg ttgaaggaa ctggggcct aggtttacc 
      ttgaagttg aggtcatta cagaaaggg acttttgat 
      agcaagtat ggacagtat gagtggatt attgaaggg 
      agaaggcat gccatggaa acaagcagg agaaagttt 
      ttcttgtaa tttattttt agaaataat aaaactttt 
      atggctca
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY