Status
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Gene information
General information
TC031822
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC016034
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015451971.1: 171776..173483
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC031822
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_07760

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Adult morphology
    abdominal odoriferous glands content decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (13 dpi)
    Days post injection



    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC031822 RA
      MMVTKVLVL VTVLQIQTC VTIKNNFDK TSEILFNLT 
      NYAIESRQI RNPCLYERD QSKYYTCLK KLKLRQYGH 
      ISFNYHPQK PYSSFAQYQ YPSRPHQEQ QSVMDVLYT 
      IAKNDALRC VQRLLCEVT SDTISKSRQ GFALPTFPF 
      NIDMGSIIR LLATIDIPS GSPIPVFAK AALLGYVSK 
      GNSDSCLDA YPQCPRDPN KLVHYLNNY NGGFFRFFK 
      GVDTRPSQV INYPQNFPL RPYQNSIAQ ERIQNRPTQ 
      QDVSNNYVG GSDPVLFSD SDASFNVYS RLPKTLSFP 
      TDDDNRFNE FTFKKPKEL PFSISEYYS NELDLQRPL 
      PNHRVTPMI FPDRTGTGD LRLDLEELN ENYKQSYNL 
      QNNFVSFRP VESNIGSYY RGPEGDSTD EFNTNKAVF 
      SFPV
    CDS sequence
    • >TC031822 RA
      atgatggtg accaaagta ctagtgcta gtgactgtg 
      ttgcaaata caaacttgt gtcacaatt aaaaataat 
      tttgataaa acgagcgaa atactcttc aatttgaca 
      aattatgcc atcgaaagt cgccaaatt cgcaacccg 
      tgtctttac gaacgagat caatccaaa tattatact 
      tgtctcaaa aaattaaaa ctgcgccag tatggccat 
      atttctttc aactatcac ccccaaaaa ccctactcc 
      agtttcgcc cagtatcaa tatccttct cgcccacac 
      caagaacag caaagcgtc atggatgtg ttgtataca 
      attgcaaaa aatgatgca cttcgttgc gtccaaaga 
      ttactttgc gaagttact tcagacacg atatccaaa 
      agtcggcaa ggtttcgct ttaccgact tttccattt 
      aatattgat atgggatca ataattaga ttgttggca 
      actatagac attccaagt ggttcaccg attccggtt 
      ttcgcgaaa gccgctctt ttgggttat gtctcgaaa 
      ggaaattca gattcttgt ttagatgcg taccctcag 
      tgcccacgt gatccgaac aaactggtt cactatttg 
      aataattat aatggaggt ttcttcagg ttttttaaa 
      ggagtagac acgcgaccg agtcaagta ataaattac 
      cctcaaaat tttccttta agaccctat cagaattcg 
      attgcacag gaaaggata cagaatagg ccgacacaa 
      caagatgtt tcgaataat tatgttggt ggtagtgac 
      ccggttctc ttttctgat agtgacgcc agttttaat 
      gtgtatagt aggttacct aagacctta tcgttcccc 
      accgacgat gataatcgt tttaacgaa tttacattc 
      aagaaaccg aaggaatta cctttttcc attagtgaa 
      tattactct aatgaattg gatttacaa aggcctcta 
      cctaatcat agggtaacc cctatgata tttcctgac 
      agaacagga actggagat ttgaggctg gatttggag 
      gaattaaat gaaaattat aaacagtcg tataatctt 
      caaaacaac ttcgtaagc ttcagacct gtggaatct 
      aatataggt tcttattat cgaggacca gagggtgat 
      tcaaccgac gaattcaat actaacaag gctgtattt 
      agtttcccc gtttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC031822 RA
      tttacatat atgtgaaaa agtatgtaa tacaccctt 
      gcctcttac tcttattta cgtgaatct tgaagtact 
      agggaggaa tgtaggtca ggggtgtat agaccgtaa 
      tttaccttc gccatttcc tgacctaat tgcagaaaa 
      ttctgattt catctctat aaataagag ggaaaaatc 
      gaattcagt tatacgtgg gactcatat atggccagt 
      caaaacacc tacagaact ttcttcatg agtgaaatt 
      ttataagta agtcaatcc ttggcgata ttctcatca 
      gtagcgatt cgcaaatga aaacagaac aatgatggt 
      gaccaaagt actagtgct agtgactgt gttgcaaat 
      acaaacttg tgtcacaat taaaaataa ttttgataa 
      aacgagcga aatactctt caatttgac aaattatgc 
      catcgaaag tcgccaaat tcgcaaccc gtgtcttta 
      cgaacgaga tcaatccaa atattatac ttgtctcaa 
      aaaattaaa actgcgcca gtatggcca tatttcttt 
      caactatca cccccaaaa accctactc cagtttcgc 
      ccagtatca atatccttc tcgcccaca ccaagaaca 
      gcaaagcgt catggatgt gttgtatac aattgcaaa 
      aaatgatgc acttcgttg cgtccaaag attactttg 
      cgaagttac ttcagacac gatatccaa aagtcggca 
      aggtttcgc tttaccgac ttttccatt taatattga 
      tatgggatc aataattag attgttggc aactataga 
      cattccaag tggttcacc gattccggt tttcgcgaa 
      agccgctct tttgggtta tgtctcgaa aggaaattc 
      agattcttg tttagatgc gtaccctca gtgcccacg 
      tgatccgaa caaactggt tcactattt gaataatta 
      taatggagg tttcttcag gttttttaa aggagtaga 
      cacgcgacc gagtcaagt aataaatta ccctcaaaa 
      ttttccttt aagacccta tcagaattc gattgcaca 
      ggaaaggat acagaatag gccgacaca acaagatgt 
      ttcgaataa ttatgttgg tggtagtga cccggttct 
      cttttctga tagtgacgc cagttttaa tgtgtatag 
      taggttacc taagacctt atcgttccc caccgacga 
      tgataatcg ttttaacga atttacatt caagaaacc 
      gaaggaatt acctttttc cattagtga atattactc 
      taatgaatt ggatttaca aaggcctct acctaatca 
      tagggtaac ccctatgat atttcctga cagaacagg 
      aactggaga tttgaggct ggatttgga ggaattaaa 
      tgaaaatta taaacagtc gtataatct tcaaaacaa 
      cttcgtaag cttcagacc tgtggaatc taatatagg 
      ttcttatta tcgaggacc agagggtga ttcaaccga 
      cgaattcaa tactaacaa ggctgtatt tagtttccc 
      cgtttaatt tattatttt ataaaaatg tgtttttga 
      gatttgtgt tttttttat ttcgaggaa atgcattca 
      ggcataagt atgataccc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY