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Gene information
General information
TC010671 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 8069443..8070564
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC010671
    iBeetle screen iB_07634

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC010671 RA
      MAHAQFIDE LIREYLLFR GFGSTLKAF DSELKVDKE 
      KSFRVDKII EQLMHFIAS YDLNSLREL WAHLHAHMF 
      SKLESQFDP GVKKLENAV LKLYLVNSV VNNKTDKVM 
      EFFLKLTPE LQNQSEWKD WFVFPYVKN HEENPAFSL 
      YFTKQWQDT LLVSLHNFL ASIFQYMPT PTLMHFEED 
      TNKINKLEQ RNESLRNRL ALLIDKGPE ASVTPCSVE 
      PPPHLLDDF YIIAQENNI VDSQAKSLK SLIRNMGTG 
      SSPVLGRKE SSGAKKRLN STSRTPKSS HFYDV
    CDS sequence
    • >TC010671 RA
      atggcccac gcccagttt attgatgaa ctaatacgt 
      gaatattta ctatttcgt ggtttcggt tcgactcta 
      aaagcgttc gattcggaa ttgaaagtc gacaaagag 
      aaaagtttt agggttgat aaaataatc gaacaactc 
      atgcatttt attgcaagt tatgattta aattccttg 
      cgtgaactg tgggcccat ttgcacgcc cacatgttc 
      agtaaactg gaaagtcaa ttcgatcca ggtgttaaa 
      aaattggaa aatgcggtg ttgaagctg tatttagta 
      aatagtgtt gttaataat aaaaccgac aaagtaatg 
      gagtttttc ctaaaactg acgccggaa cttcagaat 
      cagagtgaa tggaaagat tggtttgtg tttccttat 
      gtaaaaaat catgaggaa aatcccgct ttttccctg 
      tattttaca aaacagtgg caagacact ttgttagtg 
      tctttgcat aattttctg gcgtcaata ttccaatac 
      atgccaacg ccgacgctc atgcatttt gaagaggat 
      actaacaaa atcaataag ctggaacaa aggaacgag 
      tctctcagg aatagatta gcattgttg attgataaa 
      gggcccgaa gctagcgtt actccatgt tcggtggag 
      ccgccaccc catttgttg gacgatttt tacataatt 
      gcccaggaa aacaacatt gttgacagt caagccaag 
      agcttgaaa agtctgatc aggaacatg ggaaccggc 
      tcaagcccc gttctgggg cggaaggag agttcaggt 
      gcgaaaaaa agactaaat tcgacgtca cgaacgccg 
      aagtctagt cacttctac gatgtctga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC010671 RA
      ctgtcaaaa acagctgat tatttattt acaaaaacg 
      ctttaaata ttcatgttt ttgcaagtt ttgtgtaag 
      aaaactact tgaaatggc ccacgccca gtttattga 
      tgaactaat acgtgaata tttactatt tcgtggttt 
      cggttcgac tctaaaagc gttcgattc ggaattgaa 
      agtcgacaa agagaaaag ttttagggt tgataaaat 
      aatcgaaca actcatgca ttttattgc aagttatga 
      tttaaattc cttgcgtga actgtgggc ccatttgca 
      cgcccacat gttcagtaa actggaaag tcaattcga 
      tccaggtgt taaaaaatt ggaaaatgc ggtgttgaa 
      gctgtattt agtaaatag tgttgttaa taataaaac 
      cgacaaagt aatggagtt tttcctaaa actgacgcc 
      ggaacttca gaatcagag tgaatggaa agattggtt 
      tgtgtttcc ttatgtaaa aaatcatga ggaaaatcc 
      cgctttttc cctgtattt tacaaaaca gtggcaaga 
      cactttgtt agtgtcttt gcataattt tctggcgtc 
      aatattcca atacatgcc aacgccgac gctcatgca 
      ttttgaaga ggatactaa caaaatcaa taagctgga 
      acaaaggaa cgagtctct caggaatag attagcatt 
      gttgattga taaagggcc cgaagctag cgttactcc 
      atgttcggt ggagccgcc accccattt gttggacga 
      tttttacat aattgccca ggaaaacaa cattgttga 
      cagtcaagc caagagctt gaaaagtct gatcaggaa 
      catgggaac cggctcaag ccccgttct ggggcggaa 
      ggagagttc aggtgcgaa aaaaagact aaattcgac 
      gtcacgaac gccgaagtc tagtcactt ctacgatgt 
      ctgatctct tcaatactt tatttacaa gaataaata 
      acaattatt gct
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY