Status
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Gene information
General information
TC012362 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 5720132..5723596
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012362
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_07422

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012362 RA
      MRFRLEKGP KKRLQNLYK LHKNLGTSW QVQTKLFFE 
      HSTLHGVRY IAEYGRPFL ERFMWFSCV GIGAVATAV 
      IIVSLWDKF QTNPTITGL DTDFHNWKV PFPAITVCQ 
      EKPYNLSRI EEYFEDKYS DPSLGYSVG LLTELTKLS 
      FDSIRELTF KIKPSASNT FDLKEVAFE LMNRCEEIF 
      ESCEFKSYK SNCCEDFFP VFTEKGFCY TFNSRHYEK 
      KLPWNDTVV PDFQMRYIK ETDLAWSLK FTVKDTSVN 
      MPIYILNSD EQAGLDIQP QHIWDYKIN KISFSVKQT 
      YTTEDTKQL SIKQRHCVF SDELKLQTD NIYTYTACT 
      RQCRMDNSM RLCKCVPFF YPQIGGYKH CSLLQLSCI 
      WENLDSIKS VDRCFCNLG CSNTVYEVE KLTEATGDS 
      GRNELEARF VSWPMVRYK REVLFGWVD LLVSFGGIA 
      GLFLGFSLL SGVEILYYF TIRACCMVV REKRELEKI 
      QFEQKTKLP EDYDLSLMP YCCFDPFPG NGINQVAKS 
      YYHENLYQN KIAPLGKGK WNPSEKILP PFGIEFIN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012362 RA
      atgcgcttc aggctggaa aaggggccg aaaaagcgt 
      ttgcaaaat ttgtacaag ctgcacaaa aatttgggc 
      actagctgg caggtccaa acgaaacta ttttttgag 
      cattcgacg ctacatgga gttcgatac attgccgaa 
      tacggccgt ccttttttg gaaagattt atgtggttt 
      tcgtgtgtg ggaattggg gccgttgcc acggctgtc 
      attatagtg agtctatgg gacaagttc cagacaaac 
      ccaaccatc acaggcctc gacactgat ttccacaac 
      tggaaagtg ccatttccg gccattacg gtgtgtcag 
      gaaaagccc tacaatttg tcacgaatt gaggaatat 
      tttgaagac aaatattcg gacccgtct ttgggctac 
      tctgtcgga cttttgacc gaactcacc aaactctcg 
      tttgattcg atccgggag ctcacattt aaaatcaag 
      ccttcggct tccaacacc ttcgacttg aaggaagtt 
      gctttcgag ctaatgaac cgttgcgag gaaattttc 
      gaaagctgt gaattcaag tcgtacaaa agcaactgt 
      tgcgaggac tttttccca gtttttacc gaaaagggg 
      ttttgctac actttcaat tcccgacac tacgagaaa 
      aaactccct tggaacgat acagttgtg cccgatttt 
      caaatgcgg tacatcaaa gaaaccgac cttgcgtgg 
      tctctgaaa tttacagtc aaagacact tcagttaac 
      atgcctatt tacatactt aattcggac gaacaagcc 
      ggcttggac attcagccc caacatatt tgggactac 
      aaaatcaac aaaatctcg ttttcagtc aaacaaact 
      tacaccacc gaagacacg aaacaatta tcaattaaa 
      cagcggcac tgcgttttt tcagacgaa ttgaaattg 
      caaactgat aacatttac acctacacg gcctgtacc 
      aggcagtgc cgaatggac aattcgatg cgtttgtgc 
      aaatgtgta ccatttttt taccctcag atcggtggc 
      tataaacat tgctccctt ttgcaactt tcttgcatt 
      tgggaaaat ctggacagt atcaagtca gtggaccgt 
      tgcttttgc aacttgggg tgttctaac acggtttat 
      gaagtggaa aaattaaca gaagcaacc ggagattct 
      ggtcgcaat gagttggag gccaggttt gtttcctgg 
      cccatggtt cgctacaaa cgcgaagtt ttgttcgga 
      tgggtcgat ttgttggtg tcttttggt ggaattgct 
      gggttattt ctgggcttc agtctatta tcaggggtc 
      gaaattttg tactatttc acaatcagg gcttgctgc 
      atggtagtg cgtgaaaaa cgcgaactg gagaaaatt 
      cagtttgag caaaaaacg aaattgccc gaagattac 
      gatttgagt ttaatgccc tattgttgt tttgacccg 
      tttccggga aatggaata aatcaagtg gcaaagagc 
      tactaccac gaaaatttg taccaaaac aaaattgcg 
      cctttgggg aaggggaag tggaacccg tccgagaaa 
      attttgcct ccgttcggt atagaattt attaattaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012362 RA
      atggtgtaa tctggaacg tttaaaatg cgcttcagg 
      ctggaaaag gggccgaaa aagcgtttg caaaatttg 
      tacaagctg cacaaaaat ttgggcact agctggcag 
      gtccaaacg aaactattt tttgagcat tcgacgcta 
      catggagtt cgatacatt gccgaatac ggccgtcct 
      tttttggaa agatttatg tggttttcg tgtgtggga 
      attggggcc gttgccacg gctgtcatt atagtgagt 
      ctatgggac aagttccag acaaaccca accatcaca 
      ggcctcgac actgatttc cacaactgg aaagtgcca 
      tttccggcc attacggtg tgtcaggaa aagccctac 
      aatttgtca cgaattgag gaatatttt gaagacaaa 
      tattcggac ccgtctttg ggctactct gtcggactt 
      ttgaccgaa ctcaccaaa ctctcgttt gattcgatc 
      cgggagctc acatttaaa atcaagcct tcggcttcc 
      aacaccttc gacttgaag gaagttgct ttcgagcta 
      atgaaccgt tgcgaggaa attttcgaa agctgtgaa 
      ttcaagtcg tacaaaagc aactgttgc gaggacttt 
      ttcccagtt tttaccgaa aaggggttt tgctacact 
      ttcaattcc cgacactac gagaaaaaa ctcccttgg 
      aacgataca gttgtgccc gattttcaa atgcggtac 
      atcaaagaa accgacctt gcgtggtct ctgaaattt 
      acagtcaaa gacacttca gttaacatg cctatttac 
      atacttaat tcggacgaa caagccggc ttggacatt 
      cagccccaa catatttgg gactacaaa atcaacaaa 
      atctcgttt tcagtcaaa caaacttac accaccgaa 
      gacacgaaa caattatca attaaacag cggcactgc 
      gttttttca gacgaattg aaattgcaa actgataac 
      atttacacc tacacggcc tgtaccagg cagtgccga 
      atggacaat tcgatgcgt ttgtgcaaa tgtgtacca 
      tttttttac cctcagatc ggtggctat aaacattgc 
      tcccttttg caactttct tgcatttgg gaaaatctg 
      gacagtatc aagtcagtg gaccgttgc ttttgcaac 
      ttggggtgt tctaacacg gtttatgaa gtggaaaaa 
      ttaacagaa gcaaccgga gattctggt cgcaatgag 
      ttggaggcc aggtttgtt tcctggccc atggttcgc 
      tacaaacgc gaagttttg ttcggatgg gtcgatttg 
      ttggtgtct tttggtgga attgctggg ttatttctg 
      ggcttcagt ctattatca ggggtcgaa attttgtac 
      tatttcaca atcagggct tgctgcatg gtagtgcgt 
      gaaaaacgc gaactggag aaaattcag tttgagcaa 
      aaaacgaaa ttgcccgaa gattacgat ttgagttta 
      atgccctat tgttgtttt gacccgttt ccgggaaat 
      ggaataaat caagtggca aagagctac taccacgaa 
      aatttgtac caaaacaaa attgcgcct ttggggaag 
      gggaagtgg aacccgtcc gagaaaatt ttgcctccg 
      ttcggtata gaatttatt aattaagta attctcacc 
      tggcacaag tcacattga tacaatact tggacaaaa 
      atacttttc gtgtgtcta aaataagta caaatacca 
      ttatataaa aagagaaag gtacacaat aaaactcta 
      caaaatca
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY