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Gene information
General information
TC003966 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 29938046..29939611
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003966
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_07092

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva everted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    head capsule size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003966 RA
      MTQALLNRC RMHTLSLFP LLKPPKMPT TVTQFHTTP 
      NPHRKSLYK TESKKIRFF VVHRYLEYL KNYDKVLER 
      SFPGAMRVY RVFTVGIKD FAQDLKDYF RIVRILNSP 
      TKDKFKSLT RREIELYHQ MPKDMRKVA PVLLISALP 
      FANYVIFPL AYLFPRIFL SRHFWNLQQ RAEFSIYYL 
      RGRLVNNRP LFRCVQGEL DKIRGHRLY YKWAEVLGM 
      MGSGVQPKV EQILQCKDL FTCEPYHLF YLKGKHVKH 
      LLKIHDLHM GWFRRSRLI ERAVILQEM DKAIVREGG 
      VHNMPQDAL KHACYIRGL NPMNMRNED MINWLNNWI 
      KISSVVDRE SWSLLLHCP ILLAYNEPS NWTLIYKPK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003966 RA
      atgactcaa gctctcctc aaccggtgc agaatgcac 
      actttgagc cttttcccg ctactaaaa cccccgaaa 
      atgccaaca actgtcacg caatttcac acgacacct 
      aacccccat cggaagtcc ctctacaag actgagtcg 
      aagaaaatc cgctttttc gtcgtccac cgttacctc 
      gaatatttg aaaaactat gacaaggtc ttggagcgc 
      agctttccg ggggccatg cgggtctac cgcgttttc 
      acagtcggt attaaagac tttgcccag gacttgaag 
      gactacttc cgaatagtg cgaattcta aactcccca 
      accaaagac aagtttaaa agtttgacg cggcgcgag 
      atcgagctc taccaccag atgcccaaa gacatgcgg 
      aaggtggcc cccgtgttg ctgatttca gccctacct 
      ttcgccaat tacgttatt ttcccgttg gcttatttg 
      ttcccgagg attttcctc tcgcgtcat ttctggaat 
      ttgcaacaa agggccgag tttagtatt tattatctg 
      agggggcgt ctggtgaac aatcggccg ctttttcgg 
      tgcgttcaa ggcgagttg gataagata agggggcac 
      aggttgtac tacaaatgg gccgaagtt ttgggcatg 
      atgggcagt ggcgtccag cccaaggtt gagcagatt 
      ctacagtgc aaggatttg tttacgtgc gagccgtac 
      catctgttt tatttgaag ggaaaacat gtgaaacac 
      ttgttgaaa atccatgac ctccacatg gggtggttt 
      cggcgctcg cgcctcatt gaacgagct gtgatactg 
      caagaaatg gacaaggcc atagtcagg gaaggaggc 
      gtccacaac atgccccaa gacgcctta aaacacgct 
      tgttacata agggggctc aacccgatg aatatgcga 
      aacgaagac atgataaac tggctaaac aactggatc 
      aaaatttcc agtgttgtt gacagggaa agttggtca 
      cttctgctg cactgtccc attttactg gcttacaac 
      gagccctca aactggaca ctgatttac aaacccaag 
      tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003966 RA
      tgtcaaaaa tatctaacc ttcaaacga tagcattac 
      gaaaatagt tttaaatcc gaataacca gtgtgaaaa 
      cgatcaata tgggcaaaa tcgaggacg acaaataaa 
      taccaagcg ttcgaggtg cccaaatcg ataaatcac 
      aatgactca agctctcct caaccggtg cagaatgca 
      cactttgag ccttttccc gctactaaa acccccgaa 
      aatgccaac aactgtcac gcaatttca cacgacacc 
      taaccccca tcggaagtc cctctacaa gactgagtc 
      gaagaaaat ccgcttttt cgtcgtcca ccgttacct 
      cgaatattt gaaaaacta tgacaaggt cttggagcg 
      cagctttcc gggggccat gcgggtcta ccgcgtttt 
      cacagtcgg tattaaaga ctttgccca ggacttgaa 
      ggactactt ccgaatagt gcgaattct aaactcccc 
      aaccaaaga caagtttaa aagtttgac gcggcgcga 
      gatcgagct ctaccacca gatgcccaa agacatgcg 
      gaaggtggc ccccgtgtt gctgatttc agccctacc 
      tttcgccaa ttacgttat tttcccgtt ggcttattt 
      gttcccgag gattttcct ctcgcgtca tttctggaa 
      tttgcaaca aagggccga gtttagtat ttattatct 
      gagggggcg tctggtgaa caatcggcc gctttttcg 
      gtgcgttca aggcgagtt ggataagat aagggggca 
      caggttgta ctacaaatg ggccgaagt tttgggcat 
      gatgggcag tggcgtcca gcccaaggt tgagcagat 
      tctacagtg caaggattt gtttacgtg cgagccgta 
      ccatctgtt ttatttgaa gggaaaaca tgtgaaaca 
      cttgttgaa aatccatga cctccacat ggggtggtt 
      tcggcgctc gcgcctcat tgaacgagc tgtgatact 
      gcaagaaat ggacaaggc catagtcag ggaaggagg 
      cgtccacaa catgcccca agacgcctt aaaacacgc 
      ttgttacat aagggggct caacccgat gaatatgcg 
      aaacgaaga catgataaa ctggctaaa caactggat 
      caaaatttc cagtgttgt tgacaggga aagttggtc 
      acttctgct gcactgtcc cattttact ggcttacaa 
      cgagccctc aaactggac actgattta caaacccaa 
      gtgattatg ttactagtt ataataatt tatttttgt 
      gataaatga taatgaacc aaaagttta attttgtat 
      taaattagt aacaacaag
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY