Status
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Gene information
General information
TC000105 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 11106762..11109223
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000105
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06981

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000105 RA
      MQTDAAPNV SKQGEPFLS PDYEIKQRE KITIEVQDK 
      NVERFIERQ ELLLSPIEY QRKGNDPGL VLIFNQESF 
      EDQPYRLGS RKDVNEIII TMSRLGFNI HDENIFNNL 
      KRDEILETV NKLVARDMS QVNSLIVFF LTHGDDFNR 
      LHAFDLTLE TNEFWKEFV QCDDLKNKP KMFIFQACK 
      GGNHSTTWD QNKKKIELV PQSTFDSNY LGPDMLIVY 
      STTEGNVSF RDPKNGSWF IQELCKNFS AYGRRDDVI 
      SLIMRTTKC LCRNYYHND QEIIKKQMP IFVSTLKKK 
      FYLNRSKDR NAWIQLLKN QENMMKSIE ELKEKINEL 
      LNDKEKRNK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000105 RA
      atgcagacg gacgctgca cccaatgtt tccaaacag 
      ggagaacct tttctaagc cctgattat gaaattaaa 
      caacgggaa aagatcaca attgaagtt caggataaa 
      aatgttgag cgatttatt gaacgccag gagctttta 
      ttgtctcca atcgaatat cagagaaaa ggaaatgat 
      cccggattg gtgctcatc ttcaaccaa gagtcgttc 
      gaagatcaa ccttataga ctagggagt cgaaaagat 
      gttaacgaa attatcatt actatgagt cggttgggt 
      ttcaatatc cacgacgaa aacattttt aataatctg 
      aaaagggac gaaattttg gaaacggtc aataaactc 
      gtagccaga gacatgtca caagtcaat agtttaata 
      gtgtttttc ctaacacat ggagacgac tttaatcgg 
      ttacacgcc tttgatttg actctcgaa accaacgaa 
      ttctggaaa gaattcgtc caatgtgac gatttgaaa 
      aacaagcca aaaatgttc atttttcag gcatgcaag 
      ggtggcaat cactcgact acttgggac caaaacaag 
      aaaaaaatc gaactggtg ccacagagt accttcgac 
      tcgaattat cttggtcca gacatgttg atcgtttat 
      tcaacaact gagggaaac gtctcattt cgtgatccc 
      aaaaacggc tcgtggttt atccaagaa ttgtgcaaa 
      aatttttcg gcttacggg cgccgagac gacgtgatt 
      tcgctaatt atgagaaca acgaagtgt ttgtgtcgg 
      aattattat cacaacgac caggaaata attaagaag 
      caaatgccg attttcgtg tcgactttg aagaagaag 
      ttttatctg aatcgaagc aaggataga aacgcctgg 
      attcagttg ctgaaaaat caggaaaac atgatgaag 
      agtattgaa gaactgaag gagaagatt aacgaattg 
      ttgaacgat aaagaaaag cgcaataag tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000105 RA
      tatttgagg aattgcaca actaagtag ctctcgtct 
      gataatata ttttgatca aaaatttcg attgatatt 
      tacgcatgc ttatcgata agattacaa tttatttaa 
      tacaatcgc tttgttcgt tcgaacctt ttgtaccta 
      aatcagttt ttatttgct tagttaatt aattatgca 
      gacggacgc tgcacccaa tgtttccaa acagggaga 
      accttttct aagccctga ttatgaaat taaacaacg 
      ggaaaagat cacaattga agttcagga taaaaatgt 
      tgagcgatt tattgaacg ccaggagct tttattgtc 
      tccaatcga atatcagag aaaaggaaa tgatcccgg 
      attggtgct catcttcaa ccaagagtc gttcgaaga 
      tcaacctta tagactagg gagtcgaaa agatgttaa 
      cgaaattat cattactat gagtcggtt gggtttcaa 
      tatccacga cgaaaacat ttttaataa tctgaaaag 
      ggacgaaat tttggaaac ggtcaataa actcgtagc 
      cagagacat gtcacaagt caatagttt aatagtgtt 
      tttcctaac acatggaga cgactttaa tcggttaca 
      cgcctttga tttgactct cgaaaccaa cgaattctg 
      gaaagaatt cgtccaatg tgacgattt gaaaaacaa 
      gccaaaaat gttcatttt tcaggcatg caagggtgg 
      caatcactc gactacttg ggaccaaaa caagaaaaa 
      aatcgaact ggtgccaca gagtacctt cgactcgaa 
      ttatcttgg tccagacat gttgatcgt ttattcaac 
      aactgaggg aaacgtctc atttcgtga tcccaaaaa 
      cggctcgtg gtttatcca agaattgtg caaaaattt 
      ttcggctta cgggcgccg agacgacgt gatttcgct 
      aattatgag aacaacgaa gtgtttgtg tcggaatta 
      ttatcacaa cgaccagga aataattaa gaagcaaat 
      gccgatttt cgtgtcgac tttgaagaa gaagtttta 
      tctgaatcg aagcaagga tagaaacgc ctggattca 
      gttgctgaa aaatcagga aaacatgat gaagagtat 
      tgaagaact gaaggagaa gattaacga attgttgaa 
      cgataaaga aaagcgcaa taagtagtt aaatgttct 
      tgattcgtg gttttgttt aataaaaac aatttttcg 
      tgtttattg attttaatt tccctattc tatcccatc 
      tattggcac tttcggacg atcagttgt agtggttgg 
      agaccatgc ataaggatc atggattaa tggccattt 
      atcattaaa gtccgcaga atctggcta aaattaaag 
      ttttagtag caaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY