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Gene information
General information
TC002842 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 8621437..8622808
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC002842
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06962

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult nutritional state potentially bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    yolk late deposition irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1

    vitellogenic egg chamber potentially latedegenerated - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1

    mature egg not present - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    larva bristle mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    head bristle number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    head bent - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    head robustness decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax bristle mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    thorax bent - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax robustness decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen potentially partiallyeverted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen bristle mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC002842 RA
      MSVFSKVRN FFSRHRNKF IVGGVIIGG SIFLTRYAQ 
      QKLREWQEK EALEFLDRN RKHQHFESI GRTCNQTIL 
      NLALALNET ISKNINTEE VIERLKTNP ENKLALWNE 
      LKVLVFNKA ACTIYANVM LVVTLKIQL SIIGGYLYK 
      DPTSLSSEM QERYLSLCQ NLMDAGFSR LSRLVETNC 
      RKVLEPVNL TKQLKLSDL EALFWSIQT AVATHNDNP 
      VENLRQYVL PELPVSDGI YEKMVKETA ELLNSDEVK 
      ALVTHCTTR GFMVLAEQL SEFYTSNGV KENGKLPEG 
      DEFTNPFNV KKPMAKVLP IMNGLFSKK SLPDQFLQQ 
      LIVYEKLQL LSANVYESF LS
    CDS sequence
    • >TC002842 RA
      atgtccgtg ttttccaaa gtgaggaat ttcttcagc 
      cgtcaccgt aataaattc atcgttggg ggcgtcata 
      atcgggggc tctatcttc ctaacgcgt tacgcgcag 
      cagaaattg agagaatgg caagaaaaa gaagcgcta 
      gaattcctg gacaggaac aggaagcac caacatttc 
      gaaagcata gggcggacg tgcaaccaa acgatttta 
      aacctagcc ctggctttg aacgaaaca atttccaaa 
      aatatcaac actgaagaa gtcatagag cgactgaaa 
      accaaccca gaaaacaaa ctagctctc tggaacgaa 
      ctgaaagtc ctagtgttc aacaaagcc gcgtgtacc 
      atctacgca aatgttatg ttggtggtc actttaaag 
      attcagttg agcataatt gggggctat ttgtacaag 
      gaccccacg tccctctct tcagaaatg caggagagg 
      tacttgtct ctttgccaa aacttgatg gatgcaggg 
      tttagtagg ttaagcaga ttagtagaa acaaattgt 
      aggaaggtg ctagagcct gttaatttg acaaaacag 
      ttgaaattg agcgacttg gaggctctc ttttggtcg 
      atccagacg gccgtcgcg acgcataat gacaaccca 
      gttgagaat ttgcgacaa tatgttcta cctgagctg 
      ccagtctct gacggaatt tacgaaaaa atggtaaaa 
      gagaccgcc gaacttctc aacagtgat gaagttaag 
      gccctagtg acccactgt actactagg gggttcatg 
      gtgttggcg gaacaatta tccgaattt tacacaagt 
      aatggagtg aaagaaaat ggaaaactg ccagaaggt 
      gacgagttt acgaatcct ttcaatgtg aaaaaacca 
      atggcgaaa gttttacca ataatgaac ggacttttt 
      tccaaaaag tcactaccc gatcagttt ttgcagcaa 
      ttaattgtg tatgaaaaa ctgcaatta ttgagcgca 
      aacgtttac gaatcgttt ttgtcgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC002842 RA
      tgtggggtt atgttattg aaaaccttt gaccaaaac 
      ataacattc attcgtaaa aatgtccgt gttttccaa 
      agtgaggaa tttcttcag ccgtcaccg taataaatt 
      catcgttgg gggcgtcat aatcggggg ctctatctt 
      cctaacgcg ttacgcgca gcagaaatt gagagaatg 
      gcaagaaaa agaagcgct agaattcct ggacaggaa 
      caggaagca ccaacattt cgaaagcat agggcggac 
      gtgcaacca aacgatttt aaacctagc cctggcttt 
      gaacgaaac aatttccaa aaatatcaa cactgaaga 
      agtcataga gcgactgaa aaccaaccc agaaaacaa 
      actagctct ctggaacga actgaaagt cctagtgtt 
      caacaaagc cgcgtgtac catctacgc aaatgttat 
      gttggtggt cactttaaa gattcagtt gagcataat 
      tgggggcta tttgtacaa ggaccccac gtccctctc 
      ttcagaaat gcaggagag gtacttgtc tctttgcca 
      aaacttgat ggatgcagg gtttagtag gttaagcag 
      attagtaga aacaaattg taggaaggt gctagagcc 
      tgttaattt gacaaaaca gttgaaatt gagcgactt 
      ggaggctct cttttggtc gatccagac ggccgtcgc 
      gacgcataa tgacaaccc agttgagaa tttgcgaca 
      atatgttct acctgagct gccagtctc tgacggaat 
      ttacgaaaa aatggtaaa agagaccgc cgaacttct 
      caacagtga tgaagttaa ggccctagt gacccactg 
      tactactag ggggttcat ggtgttggc ggaacaatt 
      atccgaatt ttacacaag taatggagt gaaagaaaa 
      tggaaaact gccagaagg tgacgagtt tacgaatcc 
      tttcaatgt gaaaaaacc aatggcgaa agttttacc 
      aataatgaa cggactttt ttccaaaaa gtcactacc 
      cgatcagtt tttgcagca attaattgt gtatgaaaa 
      actgcaatt attgagcgc aaacgttta cgaatcgtt 
      tttgtcgta attttaatt ccgttattt taatgtgat 
      tgggacgtt tgttatgta acttttgtg gtgaatata 
      tttattttt attgcggag taaacatta aactagccc 
      ttttgtc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY