Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC003363 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 2467443..2471618
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003363
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

    • {{ goTerm.term }}
      ({{ goTerm.evidence }}){{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }}
      {{goTerm.showAll ? '[-]' : '[+]'}}
      Status: {{ goTerm.status }}
      Evidence: {{ goTerm.evidence }} ({{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }})
      Reference: {{ goTerm.referenceText }}
      Quotation: {{ goTerm.quotation }}
      Submitter: {{ goTerm.name }}

    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
    {{ blurIdResult }}
    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
    {{ blurEvidenceResult }}
    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
    {{ blurReferenceResult }}
    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      {{ unavailableText }}

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06897

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003363 RA
      MKVALVFFA AAALVLAEP PVPSSQYLP 
      SNQYGPPNN QYGPPRPFS PPSNQYGAP 
      AQTTAIVRP NNQYGAPRP GGNYLPPGQ 
      GNGGYGGNG GGYGGGGYD DQSEPANYN 
      FEYHVQDAQ SGNDFGHQE SRQGDVAQG 
      KYYVLLPDG RRQTVEYIA DNEGYKPKI 
      SYEQVSNGI GGGYANGGY PSGGGGNGG 
      YQY
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003363 RA
      atgaaggtg gctcttgtc tttttcgct gctgcggcg 
      cttgttctg gccgagccc ccagtgccg agcagtcag 
      tacctcccc agtaaccaa tacggaccc cctaataac 
      cagtatggg cccccaaga ccattctca cccccgtcg 
      aaccaatat ggggctccg gcccaaacc acggccatt 
      gtgaggccc aataatcag tatggggcc ccaagacca 
      gggggtaat tacttgcct ccagggcag ggtaatggg 
      gggtatgga ggaaatggc ggtggttat ggaggtggc 
      ggatacgat gaccaatcc gaaccggcc aactacaac 
      ttcgagtac cacgtccaa gacgcccag tccggcaac 
      gacttcggc caccaggag tcgcgccaa ggagacgtc 
      gcccaaggc aaatactac gtgctcttg cctgacggc 
      aggcgccag accgtcgaa tacatcgca gacaacgaa 
      ggctacaaa cccaaaatc tcctacgag caagtgagc 
      aacggaatc gggggcggc tacgccaac ggcggctac 
      cccagcggc ggcggcggc aacgggggg tatcagtat 
      taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003363 RA
      gaggggaag agattagat ggtagggtg ctttttcgt 
      agtgatggt actgtagca aggttttgg gatgaaagt 
      aaaatattt gtgattaca cccactatc tcagctttg 
      gtataaaag caaaagcga agattcgca cagccagac 
      catcccaaa tcatcttta agcaaacac tttagtttt 
      agtttttgt gcaactata actatgaag gtggctctt 
      gtctttttc gctgctgcg gcgcttgtt ctggccgag 
      cccccagtg ccgagcagt cagtacctc cccagtaac 
      caatacgga ccccctaat aaccagtat gggccccca 
      agaccattc tcacccccg tcgaaccaa tatggggct 
      ccggcccaa accacggcc attgtgagg cccaataat 
      cagtatggg gccccaaga ccagggggt aattacttg 
      cctccaggg cagggtaat ggggggtat ggaggaaat 
      ggcggtggt tatggaggt ggcggatac gatgaccaa 
      tccgaaccg gccaactac aacttcgag taccacgtc 
      caagacgcc cagtccggc aacgacttc ggccaccag 
      gagtcgcgc caaggagac gtcgcccaa ggcaaatac 
      tacgtgctc ttgcctgac ggcaggcgc cagaccgtc 
      gaatacatc gcagacaac gaaggctac aaacccaaa 
      atctcctac gagcaagtg agcaacgga atcgggggc 
      ggctacgcc aacggcggc taccccagc ggcggcggc 
      ggcaacggg gggtatcag tattaaagc accatagat 
      agaatagaa aattgaggc ttggtggag atgctgatg 
      ttgtttgta tcatttgtg atatcattg tcaaaaatt 
      catttcatt tccaaacgt tggcatctt atcaagtac 
      taaaagtac cttaatagt cgtgggact atcatagtt 
      tgtaaaata tgtatattg tacctcttc accttcaca 
      cgtcgataa cgaaacgaa tatggataa cgatttgca 
      taaggtgaa tgaaatttg cgatgggcg tgattttca 
      ttcatttta tcttggatt tgtgtattt attaaatgc 
      catatttaa gtatttaga ctagtttca aagtattat 
      ctaattatt gctgtcatg tttatacct ctatttgat 
      aacgaaata aagaagttt tgcatta
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY