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Gene information
General information
TC012896 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 18883911..18887882
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012896
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06689

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012896 RA
      MLERNPGCE LDLGWLNSV NINLNAVNT AVEDILNSR 
      DLKNDYRTA WLLKAVTCI DLTTLGGDD TPSNVSRLC 
      YKAAKPLPE DLLNQLGFD YRPDCPIRT AAVCVYPSR 
      VEDAVKTLK KLKLNDKIN VASVATGFP SGQMPLKTR 
      VEEIKYAVE KGATEIDIV IDRSLVLTG QWEVLYQEI 
      QQMKEACGS TAHMKTILA TGELATLNN VYKASLVAM 
      MAGSDFIKT STGKESINA TLPFGLVMS RAIREYYEK 
      FNYKVGLKP AGGIRTGRD AISWLIMVK EVLGNDWLT 
      NKLFRFGAS GLLSDIEHN LYGNITKSY PAPYEFTMG
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012896 RA
      atgttagaa agaaaccca ggttgcgaa ttagatttg 
      ggatggcta aacagtgtg aacataaat ctaaacgct 
      gtaaataca gctgttgaa gatattctg aattcccga 
      gacctgaaa aacgattac agaacagct tggttgctc 
      aaagctgtg acttgcatc gacttgacc acactaggg 
      ggcgatgac acaccgagt aatgtctca cgattgtgt 
      tacaaagcc gccaaacct ttacctgaa gacttacta 
      aaccagtta ggttttgat tatagacct gattgtccg 
      attagaacg gcagcagtc tgtgtttat ccttccaga 
      gtcgaagat gctgttaaa actttgaaa aagttaaaa 
      ctcaatgat aaaattaat gtggcttct gttgcaacc 
      ggttttccc agcggccaa atgccacta aagacaaga 
      gttgaggaa atcaaatac gctgtagaa aaaggggcc 
      actgagatt gatattgtg attgataga agtttagtt 
      ttgactggt caatgggag gttttatat caggaaatc 
      cagcagatg aaggaagct tgtggttcc actgcacac 
      atgaagact attttggcc actggtgaa ttggcaacg 
      ctgaataat gtctataag gcgtcactg gttgctatg 
      atggcaggt tctgatttt atcaaaacc tccactgga 
      aaggaaagt attaatgct actttacct tttggtctt 
      gttatgagt agagccatt cgggaatac tacgaaaaa 
      tttaattac aaggttggt ttaaaacct gcgggggga 
      attaggaca ggtagagac gcgatttct tggttgata 
      atggtaaaa gaggtatta ggaaatgat tggcttaca 
      aacaaattg tttcgtttt ggagcttct gggcttttg 
      tctgatatt gagcacaac ctttatgga aatattaca 
      aaatcttat cccgcccct tatgaattt acaatggga 
      tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012896 RA
      tggagcaat aattaaaag catacgagt tttgttttt 
      tttgcacat gattttata ccaaggtgc gaccacggt 
      attattgtt tttatcagt acagatatt tttatcagt 
      tttcttgtt attatccat tgaaaacgt tcagaaatg 
      ttagaaaga aacccaggt tgcgaatta gatttggga 
      tggctaaac agtgtgaac ataaatcta aacgctgta 
      aatacagct gttgaagat attctgaat tcccgagac 
      ctgaaaaac gattacaga acagcttgg ttgctcaaa 
      gctgtgact tgcatcgac ttgaccaca ctagggggc 
      gatgacaca ccgagtaat gtctcacga ttgtgttac 
      aaagccgcc aaaccttta cctgaagac ttactaaac 
      cagttaggt tttgattat agacctgat tgtccgatt 
      agaacggca gcagtctgt gtttatcct tccagagtc 
      gaagatgct gttaaaact ttgaaaaag ttaaaactc 
      aatgataaa attaatgtg gcttctgtt gcaaccggt 
      tttcccagc ggccaaatg ccactaaag acaagagtt 
      gaggaaatc aaatacgct gtagaaaaa ggggccact 
      gagattgat attgtgatt gatagaagt ttagttttg 
      actggtcaa tgggaggtt ttatatcag gaaatccag 
      cagatgaag gaagcttgt ggttccact gcacacatg 
      aagactatt ttggccact ggtgaattg gcaacgctg 
      aataatgtc tataaggcg tcactggtt gctatgatg 
      gcaggttct gattttatc aaaacctcc actggaaag 
      gaaagtatt aatgctact ttacctttt ggtcttgtt 
      atgagtaga gccattcgg gaatactac gaaaaattt 
      aattacaag gttggttta aaacctgcg gggggaatt 
      aggacaggt agagacgcg atttcttgg ttgataatg 
      gtaaaagag gtattagga aatgattgg cttacaaac 
      aaattgttt cgttttgga gcttctggg cttttgtct 
      gatattgag cacaacctt tatggaaat attacaaaa 
      tcttatccc gccccttat gaatttaca atgggatga 
      tttcatagt atatttaaa aaaacaagt ttcatataa 
      ccagtcttg aagcacgaa tttaatttt aaaaacgag 
      ttaacagtg ttagccact agctttttg aaagaatta 
      gtgcttcaa ggtcttatg aaacgagtt tttttatat 
      tattttttg taacttgct ttctttttg ccgttttta 
      aacaaaaat tgttattgt taatgttgc atttggatg 
      tgaaaaatg gatttaaaa tttttgttt tataacaag 
      aggggcccg tgcatcgag ctgcatacc gttattata 
      attatgctg gcgaatcac attttttaa taaaagctt 
      aaaaaaaag
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY