Status
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Gene information
General information
TC004299 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015451971.1: 5346..12783
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004299
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06649

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 60.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004299 RA
      MGVNWAAAA AWTFFYLVQ VRSAERGLS LFRDLGLSA 
      APDVAKINI SHDEYTKMM TLYLDTRQQ HHFAIPDLL 
      TFYPVKRDW WPRLKFPMR PQRVEVEGA QLHVLAPAT 
      GNQTSLRVQ VTQILSARR RRVIEEKLI HLSPTLPKW 
      CEFEVTSAV QSWLNGERN LGLELVCPE CRNNYLKPL 
      QAAVSALVH PEHRRSKRA SPYQSLRRT DCRKLRKGA 
      RRVCCRHDM EVTFSKLRF IEMGSIVQP KSYDAGFCQ 
      GQCPPNFNY ATNHSRIQS LLHQMEWKT GKRNRRAVP 
      KACCAPSKL EPLEILRVN PSDTTKLIV EKWDNMQVV 
      ECACS
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004299 RA
      atgggcgtc aactgggcg gcggcagcg gcgtggacg 
      ttcttctac ctggtgcag gtgcgctcc gccgagcgg 
      ggcctcagc ctcttccgc gacctgggc cttagcgcg 
      gctccggac gtcgccaag atcaacatc agccacgac 
      gaatacacc aagatgatg actctctat ctcgatacg 
      agacaacaa caccatttc gccattccc gacctgctc 
      acattctac cccgtgaag agggactgg tggccgcgc 
      ctgaagttt cccatgcgc ccccagcgt gtggaggtg 
      gaaggcgcc caactccac gtcctcgcc cccgcaacg 
      ggcaaccaa acgtccctc cgcgtccaa gtgactcaa 
      attctgagt gcgcgacgt cgtcgcgtt atcgaagaa 
      aaactgatc cacctgtcg ccaactctg ccaaaatgg 
      tgcgaattc gaagtgaca agtgcagtg caatcttgg 
      ctgaacggc gagaggaac ctaggttta gagttagtt 
      tgccccgag tgtagaaat aactacttg aagccgctg 
      caagccgct gttagtgct ttagtgcac cccgaacac 
      agacgctca aaacgcgca tccccttac cagtccctg 
      cgtcggacg gactgcagg aagctgcgg aagggggcc 
      cggagggtc tgctgccgg cacgacatg gaggtgacc 
      ttctccaag ctgcggttc atcgaaatg gggtccatt 
      gtgcagccc aagtcctat gacgcgggg ttctgccag 
      ggacagtgc ccccctaac ttcaactac gcgaccaac 
      cactcccgg atacagagt ctcctgcac cagatggag 
      tggaagaca gggaagagg aaccgcagg gcggtcccc 
      aaggcctgc tgcgccccc tcgaagctg gagcccctc 
      gaaatactg agggttaac cccagcgac accacgaaa 
      cttatcgtg gagaaatgg gataatatg caagtggta 
      gaatgcgcg tgttcctag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004299 RA
      ttagttcga cagctagaa cgtagcgta gctgacggg 
      tgctggcgg tgtcgtcgt cgtcgagtc cgcggcaat 
      gcaagtgcc aagtgcatg tgcagcagg tgcatagtg 
      aagtgagtg cgctactga tgccggctt agcccccgg 
      ctatgggcg tcaactggg cggcggcag cggcgtgga 
      cgttcttct acctggtgc aggtgcgct ccgccgagc 
      ggggcctca gcctcttcc gcgacctgg gccttagcg 
      cggctccgg acgtcgcca agatcaaca tcagccacg 
      acgaataca ccaagatga tgactctct atctcgata 
      cgagacaac aacaccatt tcgccattc ccgacctgc 
      tcacattct accccgtga agagggact ggtggccgc 
      gcctgaagt ttcccatgc gcccccagc gtgtggagg 
      tggaaggcg cccaactcc acgtcctcg cccccgcaa 
      cgggcaacc aaacgtccc tccgcgtcc aagtgactc 
      aaattctga gtgcgcgac gtcgtcgcg ttatcgaag 
      aaaaactga tccacctgt cgccaactc tgccaaaat 
      ggtgcgaat tcgaagtga caagtgcag tgcaatctt 
      ggctgaacg gcgagagga acctaggtt tagagttag 
      tttgccccg agtgtagaa ataactact tgaagccgc 
      tgcaagccg ctgttagtg ctttagtgc accccgaac 
      acagacgct caaaacgcg catcccctt accagtccc 
      tgcgtcgga cggactgca ggaagctgc ggaaggggg 
      cccggaggg tctgctgcc ggcacgaca tggaggtga 
      ccttctcca agctgcggt tcatcgaaa tggggtcca 
      ttgtgcagc ccaagtcct atgacgcgg ggttctgcc 
      agggacagt gccccccta acttcaact acgcgacca 
      accactccc ggatacaga gtctcctgc accagatgg 
      agtggaaga cagggaaga ggaaccgca gggcggtcc 
      ccaaggcct gctgcgccc cctcgaagc tggagcccc 
      tcgaaatac tgagggtta accccagcg acaccacga 
      aacttatcg tggagaaat gggataata tgcaagtgg 
      tagaatgcg cgtgttcct agtacagac aatgccaaa 
      gacatttag gaaaaattt acgggtcaa tttagcatt 
      tctgcatca attgtcaac tcttaagtt actgtgata 
      ttaattgta ttctattta tcgatcatc tctcagtta 
      tttataatt tctcatcta aagtagcct aaaagtatt 
      attttaact catcttttt atatttaat ttaatgtta 
      atgtattga tgtactgat ga
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY