Status
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Gene information
General information
TC004125 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007416.3: 1627260..1628707
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004125
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06567

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004125 RA
      MWRESASLI LAAKSVFGA PNPFNYKIL CLKRSSKSG 
      FMPNTYVFP GGNVSPSDS NLEWLKLYE NFGFCKQSF 
      DDLRAVENI PNVLEHDEK NRLPKYLSF RICAIRETF 
      EECGILLAR PKINADTAS NWASFIGGK ELVSWQHKV 
      HDDSEQFFK MCSHFELCP DVWALKNWS HWVTPPSYL 
      TSKFNTIFF LTTLHQMPT VHKDEREIQ DLMWTTPEQ 
      CIEMNNQQK VLLPVPQFY EMSRLKTVP DVEALSDFA 
      TKRARAGFE TYWPFRVKT NEGMYTILP GDDLYQKND 
      ENNTAIPQV EQLPEARTK NRILHKSKY SNVVQIENF 
      RPKCNHIAP VGAHLFNKG Y
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004125 RA
      atgtggcgc gaatctgcg agtttaatt ttggctgca 
      aaatcggtc ttcggagcg cccaacccg ttcaattac 
      aaaatcttg tgcctgaaa cgcagttcc aagtcggga 
      tttatgcca aacacttac gtttttccc ggaggaaat 
      gtatctccg agcgacagc aatttggag tggctaaaa 
      ttatacgaa aacttcggt ttttgtaaa caatcattt 
      gatgatcta cgagccgtt gaaaacatc ccaaatgta 
      ttagaacac gacgagaaa aaccgcctg ccaaaatat 
      ttatcgttc aggatttgt gctatcaga gagactttt 
      gaagaatgt ggtattttg ctggctcgg cccaaaata 
      aacgccgac actgcgtcc aactgggcc tcatttatc 
      ggagggaaa gaattggtc tcgtggcag cataaagtg 
      cacgacgac tcggaacaa ttttttaaa atgtgttcg 
      cactttgaa ttgtgcccc gacgtttgg gcgctgaag 
      aactggagc cattgggtc actcctccc tcgtacttg 
      acgtccaaa tttaataca atatttttt ctaacaacg 
      ctgcaccaa atgccaact gtgcacaaa gatgaaagg 
      gaaatccaa gacttaatg tggaccaca ccagagcaa 
      tgtatcgag atgaacaac cagcagaaa gttttactg 
      ccagtgccg caattttac gaaatgtcg cggttgaaa 
      accgtgccg gatgttgag gccctctca gattttgcc 
      acaaagcgg gccagagcg ggctttgag acttactgg 
      ccctttagg gtcaaaaca aacgaaggg atgtacacc 
      atcctgcca ggtgacgat ttgtaccaa aaaaatgac 
      gaaaataac actgccatt ccccaagtt gagcagctt 
      ccagaagcg cggacaaaa aacaggata ttgcacaag 
      tcgaagtac tccaatgtg gttcaaatc gagaatttt 
      aggcccaag tgtaatcac atcgcacct gtcggtgcg 
      cacttattt aataaaggg tattag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004125 RA
      tggccattt cgctcattt aaaatgcaa acaaacact 
      tatcataat acgattaat tatcactaa cacagatta 
      cttcacatg ttctacgga ccgggcatt gataacaac 
      attttgaca taatttctt caaggacgg gagtttcgc 
      cggggtcat gaccggcaa tttgaaaat gtggcgcga 
      atctgcgag tttaatttt ggctgcaaa atcggtctt 
      cggagcgcc caacccgtt caattacaa aatcttgtg 
      cctgaaacg cagttccaa gtcgggatt tatgccaaa 
      cacttacgt ttttcccgg aggaaatgt atctccgag 
      cgacagcaa tttggagtg gctaaaatt atacgaaaa 
      cttcggttt ttgtaaaca atcatttga tgatctacg 
      agccgttga aaacatccc aaatgtatt agaacacga 
      cgagaaaaa ccgcctgcc aaaatattt atcgttcag 
      gatttgtgc tatcagaga gacttttga agaatgtgg 
      tattttgct ggctcggcc caaaataaa cgccgacac 
      tgcgtccaa ctgggcctc atttatcgg agggaaaga 
      attggtctc gtggcagca taaagtgca cgacgactc 
      ggaacaatt ttttaaaat gtgttcgca ctttgaatt 
      gtgccccga cgtttgggc gctgaagaa ctggagcca 
      ttgggtcac tcctccctc gtacttgac gtccaaatt 
      taatacaat attttttct aacaacgct gcaccaaat 
      gccaactgt gcacaaaga tgaaaggga aatccaaga 
      cttaatgtg gaccacacc agagcaatg tatcgagat 
      gaacaacca gcagaaagt tttactgcc agtgccgca 
      attttacga aatgtcgcg gttgaaaac cgtgccgga 
      tgttgaggc cctctcaga ttttgccac aaagcgggc 
      cagagcggg ctttgagac ttactggcc ctttagggt 
      caaaacaaa cgaagggat gtacaccat cctgccagg 
      tgacgattt gtaccaaaa aaatgacga aaataacac 
      tgccattcc ccaagttga gcagcttcc agaagcgcg 
      gacaaaaaa caggatatt gcacaagtc gaagtactc 
      caatgtggt tcaaatcga gaattttag gcccaagtg 
      taatcacat cgcacctgt cggtgcgca cttatttaa 
      taaagggta ttagttatg cttgtctta ttaattcaa 
      gcggaacgt tttgttacg gcggattta tggaaggat 
      t
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY