Status
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Gene information
General information
TC031290
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC005464
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 12693524..12695724
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC031290
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
      {{ blurReferenceResult }}
      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
      You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
      If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_06373

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
      embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC031290 RA
        MSGPHGDCP NTPEGPPDE ITAAFEAIM MKKLDIQRE 
        ITHLTRENE QYRVRFEFL SQKVSGLST FLGQSASIL 
        SQLCDSSRN ALQIARTSC DTPTVVKKR SVGAQNVPK 
        KALVRHNFH IEPLDLTAL QRENVATSS PISHENLRE 
        QEHSDDDEP LQKRLTTIY EESLRRQSA PKELYVQVS 
        RLPNTVIEN NSRERDLSI SNNSLDISM DPTFCSTPL 
        KLETMKKLG LVPCSEVQK LNNFVSVRQ KANKPVKLS 
        PTKEIVQNL DRTLRKRNT TSPKSPDLK KPKLSPKKS 
        KGKEETKQV ENSRPHRSA KPKNLKEDN LKSKKRRN
      CDS sequence
      • >TC031290 RA
        atgtcaggc ccccacggc gactgtcca aatacgccc 
        gaaggcccc cctgacgaa ataaccgca gcttttgaa 
        gccatcatg atgaaaaaa cttgatatc caacgggaa 
        ataacgcac ctaacgcgt gaaaatgaa cagtaccgc 
        gtccgcttc gaatttttg agtcagaaa gtgagcggt 
        ttgagcacc tttctgggg caaagtgcg agcattttg 
        agccagttg tgcgacagt tcgaggaac gcgctccaa 
        attgcgaga actagttgc gataccccc acagttgtg 
        aagaaacgc tcagtgggg gcgcaaaat gtgccgaaa 
        aaggcgcta gtgaggcac aactttcac attgagcct 
        ctcgacctg accgccttg cagcgggaa aatgtagcg 
        acaagttcg ccaatttca cacgaaaat ttacgggag 
        caggaacat tcagatgat gacgaaccg ctccaaaaa 
        cgtcttaca acgatttat gaggaaagt ttgcgaaga 
        cagagcgct cctaaggag ctttacgtc caagtgagt 
        cgattacca aacactgtc atcgaaaat aattcgcgg 
        gaacgcgac ctcagcatt tcaaacaat agccttgat 
        atttcaatg gacccgacc ttttgttca actcccttg 
        aagctggaa acgatgaaa aagttgggt ttggtgcct 
        tgctcagag gttcagaaa ttgaataat tttgtgagt 
        gtaagacag aaggcaaat aaaccggtg aaattatct 
        ccaactaag gaaatagtc caaaatttg gacagaaca 
        ttgagaaaa cgaaacaca acgagtccg aaaagccca 
        gatttgaaa aaacccaaa ctgagtccg aaaaaatcg 
        aaagggaaa gaggagaca aaacaggta gaaaattcc 
        agaccacat cgcagcgcc aagccaaag aacctcaaa 
        gaagacaat ctcaaatcg aagaaacgt cgtaattaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC031290 RA
        ggtcgcccg gcgtcacag ccggcgttc catccacga 
        atttaaata tttttgtat tattttgca attatctcg 
        gcgtttgtt aatagcata aggtgcgaa ttgtgtttt 
        ttgaaataa attgtacgt gtttttcgg ttgtgtgca 
        caggttagt ttcctgggc ccaaaaatc ttcattttg 
        cgcgaataa atgagataa taaccatgt caggccccc 
        acggcgact gtccaaata cgcccgaag gcccccctg 
        acgaaataa ccgcagctt ttgaagcca tcatgatga 
        aaaaacttg atatccaac gggaaataa cgcacctaa 
        cgcgtgaaa atgaacagt accgcgtcc gcttcgaat 
        ttttgagtc agaaagtga gcggtttga gcacctttc 
        tggggcaaa gtgcgagca ttttgagcc agttgtgcg 
        acagttcga ggaacgcgc tccaaattg cgagaacta 
        gttgcgata cccccacag ttgtgaaga aacgctcag 
        tgggggcgc aaaatgtgc cgaaaaagg cgctagtga 
        ggcacaact ttcacattg agcctctcg acctgaccg 
        ccttgcagc gggaaaatg tagcgacaa gttcgccaa 
        tttcacacg aaaatttac gggagcagg aacattcag 
        atgatgacg aaccgctcc aaaaacgtc ttacaacga 
        tttatgagg aaagtttgc gaagacaga gcgctccta 
        aggagcttt acgtccaag tgagtcgat taccaaaca 
        ctgtcatcg aaaataatt cgcgggaac gcgacctca 
        gcatttcaa acaatagcc ttgatattt caatggacc 
        cgacctttt gttcaactc ccttgaagc tggaaacga 
        tgaaaaagt tgggtttgg tgccttgct cagaggttc 
        agaaattga ataattttg tgagtgtaa gacagaagg 
        caaataaac cggtgaaat tatctccaa ctaaggaaa 
        tagtccaaa atttggaca gaacattga gaaaacgaa 
        acacaacga gtccgaaaa gcccagatt tgaaaaaac 
        ccaaactga gtccgaaaa aatcgaaag ggaaagagg 
        agacaaaac aggtagaaa attccagac cacatcgca 
        gcgccaagc caaagaacc tcaaagaag acaatctca 
        aatcgaaga aacgtcgta attaagatt ttttacata 
        agataggtt tttcatttc attattcct ttcatagcc 
        gccctgatt aatgaaaga agggtggtt acgtcacgt 
        tagttagta acaaaagtt gaatcaatt gtttagtta 
        cgaagtcat ttcatgtgg cccaacaga tggagctgg 
        gtcaaggcc accttcttc attaatcga agcgggggc 
        gcacagtac tgtaaatac ctttgtagc gctactgta 
        atgttgaga ctgtttaaa ggaaaatta taattattg 
        ggttgtaat taataattt atgtaaaac taa
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY