Status
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Gene information
General information
TC014297 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 8676567..8680012
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014297
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06328

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014297 RA
      MDWVISDEL SLTVGTVVG WVSAGAMII GGVIPYIPQ 
      YRQIRKTQD AEGFSLLVC LALLVANTL RIMFWFGRH 
      FEYPLLIQS IIMNVTMFI MIHLCVRVR NRNQLMQAR 
      QRIFTDFDI KYFWNWNDF QSYIDCMLV FTIATSILM 
      YVFIDKIIF VELMGFLAV FTEAMLGTP QLVKNFKSK 
      STEGMSVSM VIMWTCGDI FKTLYFLLR EAPIQFWIC 
      GSVQVAVDV LILLQVYIY RGNTEPQRD RAHRGD
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014297 RA
      atggattgg gtgatatcg gacgagttg tccctgacg 
      gtgggaaca gtggtcggc tgggtcagc gctggtgct 
      atgattata ggaggtgtc atcccctac atcccccag 
      tacagacaa atcagaaag acacaagat gctgagggc 
      ttttcgctg ctagtttgc ttggccctt ctggtggcc 
      aacacctta cgtatcatg ttttggttc ggcagacac 
      tttgagtac ccccttttg atccaaagc ataatcatg 
      aacgtcaca atgttcatt atgatacac ttatgtgtt 
      cgtgtgagg aataggaat cagcttatg caagccaga 
      cagcggata tttacagat ttcgatatt aagtacttt 
      tggaactgg aacgatttc cagtcgtac atagactgc 
      atgttggta tttacaata gcgacgtca attctaatg 
      tacgttttc atcgacaag ataattttc gtggagctg 
      atgggcttc ctggcggtg tttaccgaa gccatgtta 
      ggtacgcct cagttagta aaaaatttc aaaagtaaa 
      tcgactgaa gggatgagt gtcagtatg gtgataatg 
      tggacgtgt ggtgatatt tttaaaact ttgtatttt 
      ttactgcgt gaggcgccg atccagttc tggatctgc 
      ggatcagtg caggtggct gtggacgtg ttgattttg 
      ttacaagtt tacatttat cggggaaat accgaaccg 
      cagcgcgac agagcgcac cgaggagat tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014297 RA
      ttagttgac atttgacag ttgagtgaa cacagtggt 
      aataaagat gggcaacag caaataaaa aggcatttg 
      cttgttgtt aagtagtta gaagcatgg attgggtga 
      tatcggacg agttgtccc tgacggtgg gaacagtgg 
      tcggctggg tcagcgctg gtgctatga ttataggag 
      gtgtcatcc cctacatcc cccagtaca gacaaatca 
      gaaagacac aagatgctg agggctttt cgctgctag 
      tttgcttgg cccttctgg tggccaaca ccttacgta 
      tcatgtttt ggttcggca gacactttg agtaccccc 
      ttttgatcc aaagcataa tcatgaacg tcacaatgt 
      tcattatga tacacttat gtgttcgtg tgaggaata 
      ggaatcagc ttatgcaag ccagacagc ggatattta 
      cagatttcg atattaagt acttttgga actggaacg 
      atttccagt cgtacatag actgcatgt tggtattta 
      caatagcga cgtcaattc taatgtacg ttttcatcg 
      acaagataa ttttcgtgg agctgatgg gcttcctgg 
      cggtgttta ccgaagcca tgttaggta cgcctcagt 
      tagtaaaaa atttcaaaa gtaaatcga ctgaaggga 
      tgagtgtca gtatggtga taatgtgga cgtgtggtg 
      atattttta aaactttgt attttttac tgcgtgagg 
      cgccgatcc agttctgga tctgcggat cagtgcagg 
      tggctgtgg acgtgttga ttttgttac aagtttaca 
      tttatcggg gaaataccg aaccgcagc gcgacagag 
      cgcaccgag gagattgag tggttatca tatggactc 
      atgaggacg gaactgacc aaagcaagg acgttaaag 
      ttaacgaag agttgcacg aatgcgtga ataacaaga 
      acggcagca atagtctcg acgatctgt caaacgttg 
      tgagttcac acaatgaga agacttcga ataatagtg 
      ataggtgta cagtacatt ccgaaaaac agttaaata 
      agcacgttg ttaatgccg atatacaca acgagagtc 
      aagttaggg tagatgata atgaaactg atggcaacg 
      caagtaaat gtaatggcg ttaccaaaa atcgggctt 
      cgcattttt catacaaga agcacacga agcataaag 
      ttagtatgc taattcata gacatacgt tatgacgta 
      tgcttttac acgttttgt aggccaaca aatttgaac 
      gcgttttat atcgtgttt ttaccttgg aaaggaaat 
      ttattgttt cttgtaaac aaacataat caatgctag 
      attttaagc gaaataaac ggaaaaaat cagacaaat 
      gcttatttt gtcaatatt ataatcaag attgttatt 
      attgtgttt tgtgtatgc tcatactat tgcaataac 
      tgaacccaa ttaattcga aaataaaat ttattttac 
      ttggttgaa cctagttct tgtacagaa agttttatt 
      ttttgtaaa aaatgtata ttgtgcacg taattattt 
      catcgataa aataaataa aaaaatgtt tattcctgc 
      acactcaaa atgtacaaa gataatcta tgaaagaat 
      tttaattaa aagactcat tttttatta taaatcctc 
      tttgtgtca taacatttt cgtttgtga gtcgaacac 
      cacaggtta aaaattttt ttacttgaa agtggaaca 
      agttttacg ttatttata caggctgtt ctttttatt 
      tatcgtgtt cctgcaaat ttaatgaaa ttttgttaa 
      atgcttagg gccggttta ggaaagctg aattaaaat 
      ttaattcgc tgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY