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Gene information
General information
TC032817
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC007380
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 5329244..5330644
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC032817
    iBeetle screen iB_06237

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 leg musculature potentially partiallybroader - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    Comment: Specifically the muscles of the praetarsus are affected.
    leg musculature partially degenerated - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC032817 RA
      MSKAELLQQ YKNDVNNLR KCAKELSFS DKEITQIFK 
      QCFKQLDQE NPSSNETHK YFSTAVKIF FVSTFLSIC 
      VYVLLNVHQ PTSSIVLRN VQGLIYPGL KVLRFLSVP 
      VIRRFPALT GLYDESCLV ENPYFYVSD MECWPCENV 
      HSVVDLTGF DNYSLHQSG APYVVKTQQ KEVFFETLK 
      DLYTSHKNT FDDEADKIK STNSSITNL QELFSIGVE 
      SSTHVSWRI NKMAPGRLI RTLFPRPYI ISEWSGQSI 
      ERYVMIDGP KADPYVLPN PECSYVIIT QGTGERTII 
      LKPSRECGD VCRTVSVIL KPSYVLWYN WWYWRPISL 
      PSETSSEVS VSYVSSYC
    CDS sequence
    • >TC032817 RA
      atgtcaaaa gctgagctt ttgcaacaa tacaaaaac 
      gatgtaaat aatctacgg aaatgtgcc aaagaacta 
      agtttcagt gataaagag ataacgcaa attttcaag 
      caatgtttt aaacaatta gaccaagag aatccaagc 
      tcaaatgaa acccacaag tatttttca acagccgtc 
      aaaatattt ttcgtatcc acatttttg tcgatttgt 
      gtttacgtt ttattaaat gtacatcaa ccgacttcc 
      agtattgtg cttcgaaat gtccagggt ctgatttat 
      cctggatta aaagtattg cgttttttg tcagttcca 
      gtaatcagg cggtttcct gccctcaca ggattgtac 
      gatgagagc tgtttggtt gaaaacccg tatttttat 
      gtgtctgac atggagtgt tggccatgt gaaaatgtg 
      cactcggtt gttgattta actgggttt gataactac 
      agtttgcac caatctggg gcgccttac gtagtcaaa 
      acacagcaa aaagaagtt ttctttgaa accctcaaa 
      gacctgtac acaagtcac aaaaatacg tttgatgat 
      gaggccgat aaaattaaa tcaactaac tcttccatc 
      actaattta caagaactg ttcagtatt ggtgttgag 
      tcttccact catgtttct tggagaatt aataaaatg 
      gccccagga aggttaata aggacttta tttccgaga 
      ccttacata atttctgaa tggtctgga cagagtata 
      gagcgttat gttatgatc gatggcccc aaagccgac 
      ccttacgta ctacctaac cctgaatgt agctacgta 
      atcataaca caagggaca ggtgaacgc accataatc 
      ctcaaaccc tccagagaa tgtggagat gtctgtaga 
      acagtttca gtaatactg aaaccttcc tacgtttta 
      tggtacaat tggtggtac tggcgcccg attagtctt 
      ccgtcagaa acctcatct gaagtttcc gtgagttac 
      gtcagctcg tattgttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC032817 RA
      aattggcgg cggaattca aaaaccgct gcaggaatt 
      tacagccac aacaggaat ctgcttggt tgtggttcc 
      gagctttaa ggttatgta aaatgtcaa aagctgagc 
      ttttgcaac aatacaaaa acgatgtaa ataatctac 
      ggaaatgtg ccaaagaac taagtttca gtgataaag 
      agataacgc aaattttca agcaatgtt ttaaacaat 
      tagaccaag agaatccaa gctcaaatg aaacccaca 
      agtattttt caacagccg tcaaaatat ttttcgtat 
      ccacatttt tgtcgattt gtgtttacg ttttattaa 
      atgtacatc aaccgactt ccagtattg tgcttcgaa 
      atgtccagg gtctgattt atcctggat taaaagtat 
      tgcgttttt tgtcagttc cagtaatca ggcggtttc 
      ctgccctca caggattgt acgatgaga gctgtttgg 
      ttgaaaacc cgtattttt atgtgtctg acatggagt 
      gttggccat gtgaaaatg tgcactcgg ttgttgatt 
      taactgggt ttgataact acagtttgc accaatctg 
      gggcgcctt acgtagtca aaacacagc aaaaagaag 
      ttttctttg aaaccctca aagacctgt acacaagtc 
      acaaaaata cgtttgatg atgaggccg ataaaatta 
      aatcaacta actcttcca tcactaatt tacaagaac 
      tgttcagta ttggtgttg agtcttcca ctcatgttt 
      cttggagaa ttaataaaa tggccccag gaaggttaa 
      taaggactt tatttccga gaccttaca taatttctg 
      aatggtctg gacagagta tagagcgtt atgttatga 
      tcgatggcc ccaaagccg acccttacg tactaccta 
      accctgaat gtagctacg taatcataa cacaaggga 
      caggtgaac gcaccataa tcctcaaac cctccagag 
      aatgtggag atgtctgta gaacagttt cagtaatac 
      tgaaacctt cctacgttt tatggtaca attggtggt 
      actggcgcc cgattagtc ttccgtcag aaacctcat 
      ctgaagttt ccgtgagtt acgtcagct cgtattgtt 
      aacagactg aataataaa ttattttaa caaac
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY