Status
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Gene information
General information
TC030609
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC030070
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 13728719..13735021
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC030609
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06040

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 50.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC030609 RA
      MGRGVLVFV LVMVLEGVR TLPNERQAQ ELLLLDALG 
      KRSGVGSTE QNSLIDMLG RMIPQSCRF RGVKYECGL 
      SISCVLGGG RPLDLCSGG MIWACCVDR DVQTPTHHP 
      DVGVLNNAS CGELYTRSN RIVGGHSTG FGSHPWQVA 
      LIKTGFLTK KLACGGALL NERWIITAA HCVATTANG 
      NIRVRLGEW DVRDQDEKL AHEEYSVER KEVHPAYSP 
      SDFKNDLAL VKLDRNVRF KQHIIPVCL PAPTLKLPG 
      KVATVAGWG RTRHGQATV PSVLQEVDV EVITNDRCQ 
      RWFRAAGRR ETIHDVFLC AGYKEGGRD SCQGDSGGP 
      LTMTVDGRR TLIGLVSWG IGCGREHLP GVYTNIQKF 
      VPWIDKVMN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC030609 RA
      atgggacgc ggtgtgttg gtgtttgtg ctggtgatg 
      gtgctggag ggcgtcagg acgttgccc aacgagagg 
      caagcgcag gagttgctc ctgctggac gctttgggc 
      aagaggtcc ggggtggga tccacagaa cagaacagc 
      ctcatcgac atgttgggg agaatgata ccccagtca 
      tgtcgcttc cgtggagta aaatacgag tgcggtctg 
      tccattagc tgcgtgttg ggaggaggt cgtcccctg 
      gatttgtgt tccggaggg atgatctgg gcatgttgc 
      gtggaccgc gacgtccaa acacctact caccatcct 
      gacgtaggt gtcctcaat aatgctagt tgtggcgag 
      ttgtacacc aggagcaac aggattgtg ggcggacat 
      tccacagga ttcggctcg catccttgg caggtggcc 
      ctaatcaaa acagggttc ctcacaaag aagctggcc 
      tgcggggga gccttgctc aacgagcga tggattatt 
      acagctgca cactgcgtt gcaacgacg gccaacggg 
      aatatccga gtccggctg ggcgagtgg gatgtgcgg 
      gatcaggac gagaaatta gcacatgag gagtattcg 
      gtcgagcgg aaggaggtg catcctgcc tactcgccg 
      tcggatttc aagaacgat ctagctctg gtaaaatta 
      gacaggaac gtgcggttc aagcaacat attatccct 
      gtctgtctg cctgcacca acgctgaag ttgccgggg 
      aaggtggca acagtggcc ggctggggt cggacgcgc 
      cacggccaa gcgactgtc ccttcggtc ctgcaggaa 
      gttgacgtt gaagtgatt accaatgat cgatgccaa 
      agatggttc agggctgct ggtcggaga gagaccatc 
      cacgacgtg ttcttgtgt gcgggttac aaggagggc 
      ggaagagat tcatgccaa ggcgactct ggagggccc 
      ttgacaatg actgtagac ggtaggagg actcttatc 
      ggtcttgtg tcctggggg ataggatgc ggtagagaa 
      catttgccg ggggtttac accaacatc cagaaattc 
      gtgccttgg atagacaaa gtcatgaat tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC030609 RA
      acagtttca tgtcaatta tcccatccg gaatcgcca 
      gcaccgctt tcacttgct gtaagtgca ctacatgcc 
      atccgtgtc gaatcttcg ttggcgtct tcagcacac 
      gcttggtac ttccgatgg tggaaagta gtgctccac 
      atgtgctta gtaaggagg tgagtgctg tgccgtgaa 
      catgggacg cggtgtgtt ggtgtttgt gctggtgat 
      ggtgctgga gggcgtcag gacgttgcc caacgagag 
      gcaagcgca ggagttgct cctgctgga cgctttggg 
      caagaggtc cggggtggg atccacaga acagaacag 
      cctcatcga catgttggg gagaatgat accccagtc 
      atgtcgctt ccgtggagt aaaatacga gtgcggtct 
      gtccattag ctgcgtgtt gggaggagg tcgtcccct 
      ggatttgtg ttccggagg gatgatctg ggcatgttg 
      cgtggaccg cgacgtcca aacacctac tcaccatcc 
      tgacgtagg tgtcctcaa taatgctag ttgtggcga 
      gttgtacac caggagcaa caggattgt gggcggaca 
      ttccacagg attcggctc gcatccttg gcaggtggc 
      cctaatcaa aacagggtt cctcacaaa gaagctggc 
      ctgcggggg agccttgct caacgagcg atggattat 
      tacagctgc acactgcgt tgcaacgac ggccaacgg 
      gaatatccg agtccggct gggcgagtg ggatgtgcg 
      ggatcagga cgagaaatt agcacatga ggagtattc 
      ggtcgagcg gaaggaggt gcatcctgc ctactcgcc 
      gtcggattt caagaacga tctagctct ggtaaaatt 
      agacaggaa cgtgcggtt caagcaaca tattatccc 
      tgtctgtct gcctgcacc aacgctgaa gttgccggg 
      gaaggtggc aacagtggc cggctgggg tcggacgcg 
      ccacggcca agcgactgt cccttcggt cctgcagga 
      agttgacgt tgaagtgat taccaatga tcgatgcca 
      aagatggtt cagggctgc tggtcggag agagaccat 
      ccacgacgt gttcttgtg tgcgggtta caaggaggg 
      cggaagaga ttcatgcca aggcgactc tggagggcc 
      cttgacaat gactgtaga cggtaggag gactcttat 
      cggtcttgt gtcctgggg gataggatg cggtagaga 
      acatttgcc gggggttta caccaacat ccagaaatt 
      cgtgccttg gatagacaa agtcatgaa ttgatccaa 
      gaacagtgc caatgtgat caagcatag taaattatt 
      cgtaatggg tggattaag agtgataga aaagtaaac 
      gaaattatt tattgcgta ggattaaaa acaccaaaa 
      cagcttaag tagattcga gtgtgttaa gtatttatt 
      agacgattg gaaaagtta gttatcgtg ttcccatta 
      ctattgttg tacttaacc cctgtgatc gattttaca 
      tttcggcag ggattgaac agaatagtg ctaataagc 
      tgtaagtct gtatcagat tgtaagtgt agtgtaatc 
      ttaagtgtt attgtacga aattttata atatcgcta 
      ttttaacaa taaaagttt tgtataaca
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY