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Gene information
General information
TC016337 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 6682503..6712428
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC016337
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_06003

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC016337 RA
      MVGDRDGEG LAVRWDSEA VDGRGLRYT 
      SVPQTSPPP PPPPPPPPL PLQLQRPYS 
      RSMSSLPPE PFMIMRSKA LNRRVCINV 
      GGVKHEVLW RTLDRLPHT RLGRLRDCN 
      THEALSELC DDYSLIDNE YFFDRHPKS 
      FSSILNFYR TGKLHLVDE MCVLAFSDD 
      LEYWGVDEL YLESCCQHK YHQRKEHVH 
      EEMRKEAES LRQRDEEEF GEDKCSQYQ 
      KWLWDMLEK PTTSIAARM STENRR
    CDS sequence
    • >TC016337 RA
      atggtgggc gaccgggat ggcgaaggg ctggccgtg 
      cggtgggac tcggaggcg gtggacggc cgggggctg 
      cgctacacc tccgtcccg cagacgtcg ccgccgccg 
      ccgccgcct ccgccgccg ccgccgctg ccgctccag 
      ctgcagcgg ccgtactcg cgctccatg tcctcgctg 
      cccccggag cccttcatg ataatgcgc tccaaggcg 
      ctcaaccgg cgcgtctgc atcaacgtc ggcggcgtc 
      aagcacgag gtgctctgg cgcaccctg gaccgcctc 
      ccgcacacg cgcctcggc cgcctccgc gactgcaac 
      acgcacgag gccctcagc gagctctgc gacgactac 
      tcgctcatc gacaacgag tacttcttc gaccgacac 
      cccaagtcc ttcagctcc atactcaac ttctaccgc 
      acggggaag ctgcatctg gtggacgag atgtgcgtg 
      cttgcgttc agtgacgat ctagagtat tggggcgtc 
      gacgaactc tatctcgag tcgtgttgt cagcacaag 
      taccatcag aggaaggag cacgtgcac gaggaaatg 
      cgcaaggaa gccgagtcg ctgaggcag cgcgacgaa 
      gaggagttc ggggaggac aagtgctcg cagtaccaa 
      aagtggctc tgggacatg ctcgagaaa ccgaccacc 
      tcgatcgcg gccaggatg tctactgaa aaccgaaga 
      tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC016337 RA
      ctgttcaag tgatatgtg ctattgtgt tggcagcat 
      tgtaccaaa tccacacaa aaacacaat cgctgcaaa 
      agcccgact cgagttgta gcggaaaaa cgcgcgagc 
      tttgtcact tatcaatat cctgctggc tttcgaaaa 
      agtgaaagt gaaatgttg tgatgattt ttaaatgac 
      cggtgattt gcgtgggtg ggcctgtat gagcatgta 
      atccacaag tcgtgtcga attcgctcc gcgttgtag 
      attttccgg tggagagga tggagtatg accaggatc 
      aaggatgca cagcgagtt ggccggatg ctgctcacc 
      agatcagga tgagccagc gcaagggag gtgacgaca 
      gtggcggat gaggacgcg tcagcacgg ctagcaccg 
      cgaccccca gccagccgc cgtccatgg tgggcgacc 
      gggatggcg aagggctgg ccgtgcggt gggactcgg 
      aggcggtgg acggccggg ggctgcgct acacctccg 
      tcccgcaga cgtcgccgc cgccgccgc cgcctccgc 
      cgccgccgc cgctgccgc tccagctgc agcggccgt 
      actcgcgct ccatgtcct cgctgcccc cggagccct 
      tcatgataa tgcgctcca aggcgctca accggcgcg 
      tctgcatca acgtcggcg gcgtcaagc acgaggtgc 
      tctggcgca ccctggacc gcctcccgc acacgcgcc 
      tcggccgcc tccgcgact gcaacacgc acgaggccc 
      tcagcgagc tctgcgacg actactcgc tcatcgaca 
      acgagtact tcttcgacc gacacccca agtccttca 
      gctccatac tcaacttct accgcacgg ggaagctgc 
      atctggtgg acgagatgt gcgtgcttg cgttcagtg 
      acgatctag agtattggg gcgtcgacg aactctatc 
      tcgagtcgt gttgtcagc acaagtacc atcagagga 
      aggagcacg tgcacgagg aaatgcgca aggaagccg 
      agtcgctga ggcagcgcg acgaagagg agttcgggg 
      aggacaagt gctcgcagt accaaaagt ggctctggg 
      acatgctcg agaaaccga ccacctcga tcgcggcca 
      ggatgtcta ctgaaaacc gaagatgaa gagttcgat 
      gttttgact ttcagtgta ttcgcttgt attcagtct 
      attgatagt gatgggcaa acgcgatga tcagatacc 
      caataacga gccctgaaa tgcggtgtc actcaaagc 
      acgtctttt tggccgcta ttcgacgtc atttcattt 
      ttctcctct cacacacaa acgctgcca ttatccgca 
      tacttcata tctttcatg taaataaac gaggaacgt 
      cgcagcttg tagattagt caaaattat taaaggacg 
      gtcgcgccg caggctagt gtagtgtag aagaatttt 
      gcaaatttt gttactaac aaataacgc agagcgtag 
      gtagtgtac atattgtat agtactcgt gtttatttt 
      ctaacagta ggtgcttgt ttaatttct gacgtcaaa 
      tagttagcc aacataggc tggtttttg attgacatg 
      tgggctcga gctgtttgt acattgctt cctatctcg 
      atacctctt taacgcttt cggactaaa aaactaacc 
      aattaacaa ccgttctcc tttgctcct aaggcaaat 
      cctggtcct ctttgcttt ttctattaa gaattgctt 
      tatttcgag ggctgttag ctttggaat tatttctgg 
      aattacttc acattatct ccgaacata aaaatcatc 
      aaacgagct atttttaaa aaattggtc gaaatcaat 
      aaagttttt tgtctaaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY