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Gene information
General information
TC016173 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015450467.1: 425..1344
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC016173
    iBeetle screen iB_05968

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    eggs lost during procedure: potentially due to defects in egg-shells egg-morphology or egg-size, (14 dpi) mature egg deposition blocked number 1st lateral oviduct: 4 number 2nd lateral oviduct: 3 - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC016173 RA
      MNKVSEFEI APLRSLDDF LLESARFQI 
      PNVNDLEKW GKRVSSNLL YYQSNYFLM 
      SLIIFVIVG VIHPTKMAC GFVVTAVIF 
      MVFSYITNE RFAAAQFKK KHPIVSLLL 
      ILAGCYFVA YMLKSLLVF LFGILLPIS 
      ATFIHSSLR LRNIKNKIV NRVENLGLK 
      RTPMGIFLE QLGLDQEGF
    CDS sequence
    • >TC016173 RA
      atgaataaa gtgtcggaa ttcgaaata gcccccttg 
      cggtctttg gacgacttt ctcctcgag tcagcccgg 
      ttccaaatc ccgaacgtc aacgacttg gaaaaatgg 
      ggtaaaaga gtctccagc aacttgctc tactaccaa 
      agcaactat ttcttaatg tcacttata atcttcgtc 
      attgtcggc gtcatccac cccacgaaa atggcctgt 
      gggttcgtg gtcaccgcg gtcattttc atggtgttt 
      tcctacatc accaacgaa cgcttcgct gcagctcaa 
      ttcaaaaag aaacacccg attgtctca ctgttgctc 
      attttggcg ggctgctac ttcgtcgcc tacatgctg 
      aagtccctc ctggttttt ttattcggg attttgctc 
      ccgatttca gccaccttc attcactcg tctttacga 
      ctgaggaac attaagaac aaaatcgtc aatcgcgtc 
      gaaaatctg gggctaaag cggaccccc atggggatt 
      tttcttgag caacttggg cttgatcaa gaggggttc 
      taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC016173 RA
      cccgatttc tggcacagt gcaaatgtc aagcccatg 
      atgcaaaac tctaaataa aactattac tcaataaaa 
      tcagtgaaa atgaataaa gtgtcggaa ttcgaaata 
      gcccccttg cggtctttg gacgacttt ctcctcgag 
      tcagcccgg ttccaaatc ccgaacgtc aacgacttg 
      gaaaaatgg ggtaaaaga gtctccagc aacttgctc 
      tactaccaa agcaactat ttcttaatg tcacttata 
      atcttcgtc attgtcggc gtcatccac cccacgaaa 
      atggcctgt gggttcgtg gtcaccgcg gtcattttc 
      atggtgttt tcctacatc accaacgaa cgcttcgct 
      gcagctcaa ttcaaaaag aaacacccg attgtctca 
      ctgttgctc attttggcg ggctgctac ttcgtcgcc 
      tacatgctg aagtccctc ctggttttt ttattcggg 
      attttgctc ccgatttca gccaccttc attcactcg 
      tctttacga ctgaggaac attaagaac aaaatcgtc 
      aatcgcgtc gaaaatctg gggctaaag cggaccccc 
      atggggatt tttcttgag caacttggg cttgatcaa 
      gaggggttc taaccgcgt caagtggct gaacaaact 
      taaacattt tatcgaaaa aatccaaac gttcgttaa 
      gcgtctgtt cacgaagaa aaatgcacc caaaaagtg 
      attcccaca tgccctact ctatttttt cattgcatg 
      gcattatta tttctatta gtagttgta gtgttttta 
      tttgcataa gaattttaa tatattgtt atgtattgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY