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Gene information
General information
TC016042 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015451971.1: 219205..221518
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC016042
      iBeetle screen iB_05948

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

      embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
      embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
      cuticle remnants with unidentifyable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      head number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      thorax number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC016042 RA
        MKVYYLLLV SAIYVWITP THSRFFYSH YTPLSSPIF 
        SQTFLPTLP AVSPLAYTP RVASTSSVT YNIPNVPTA 
        EYRGFGYRT DYKDGASST VFYVTGPEA QYLKSFMDF 
        PSFAKKSQD SMPAKARSL ASDLTDLNA IPDAHGKIQ 
        SILQPADFE RLFDAATPG VVNFYSFPA GTVPLASAR 
        EVENTTTNV TTTTPSSKE EHVAAESVV NSKVVVNAI 
        ENMIKSNGT TTENTEKTT NNTTTTTTT TTTTTTEST 
        SAKASTERS MEVKIETTT AFLVNVDDE DATTVSNEE 
        TTTQV
      CDS sequence
      • >TC016042 RA
        atgaaggtg tactacctc ctattggtg agtgcaatt 
        tacgtttgg atcacccca acgcattct cgatttttc 
        tattcacat tacactccc ctgtcaagc ccaatattc 
        tctcaaacc ttccttcca acgcttcct gcagtctca 
        cctttagcc tacacaccg cgagtggct tcgacttct 
        tcagttact tacaacata cccaatgtt ccaacagcc 
        gaatatcgc ggatttggg tatcgcacc gattataaa 
        gatggggct agttcgact gttttttac gttacggga 
        ccggaagcc caatacttg aaaagtttt atggatttc 
        ccgagtttc gcgaaaaaa tctcaagac tcaatgcct 
        gcaaaagca cggagtcta gcttcggac cttacggat 
        cttaacgca atccctgac gctcatgga aaaattcaa 
        agtatttta caaccggcc gattttgaa agattattc 
        gatgctgca acgccagga gttgtaaat ttttattcg 
        ttccctgcc ggcactgtt cctttagct tcggcgaga 
        gaagtggaa aatacgacg actaatgtc acaacaact 
        acgccttcg agtaaagaa gaacatgta gccgctgaa 
        agtgtcgtc aattcgaaa gttgttgtc aacgctatt 
        gaaaatatg attaaatca aacggaacg acgaccgaa 
        aatactgaa aagaccacc aacaacacc accaccacc 
        accaccacc accaccact actaccacc gaaagtacg 
        agtgcgaaa gcttcgacg gaaaggtca atggaggtt 
        aaaattgaa actaccact gcgtttttg gttaatgta 
        gatgacgaa gatgccacg acggtttcc aatgaagaa 
        acaactact caagtgtaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC016042 RA
        gttgtcgtg taaagtggc tgaccccat catgaaggt 
        gtactacct cctattggt gagtgcaat ttacgtttg 
        gatcacccc aacgcattc tcgattttt ctattcaca 
        ttacactcc cctgtcaag cccaatatt ctctcaaac 
        cttccttcc aacgcttcc tgcagtctc acctttagc 
        ctacacacc gcgagtggc ttcgacttc ttcagttac 
        ttacaacat acccaatgt tccaacagc cgaatatcg 
        cggatttgg gtatcgcac cgattataa agatggggc 
        tagttcgac tgtttttta cgttacggg accggaagc 
        ccaatactt gaaaagttt tatggattt cccgagttt 
        cgcgaaaaa atctcaaga ctcaatgcc tgcaaaagc 
        acggagtct agcttcgga ccttacgga tcttaacgc 
        aatccctga cgctcatgg aaaaattca aagtatttt 
        acaaccggc cgattttga aagattatt cgatgctgc 
        aacgccagg agttgtaaa tttttattc gttccctgc 
        cggcactgt tcctttagc ttcggcgag agaagtgga 
        aaatacgac gactaatgt cacaacaac tacgccttc 
        gagtaaaga agaacatgt agccgctga aagtgtcgt 
        caattcgaa agttgttgt caacgctat tgaaaatat 
        gattaaatc aaacggaac gacgaccga aaatactga 
        aaagaccac caacaacac caccaccac caccaccac 
        caccaccac tactaccac cgaaagtac gagtgcgaa 
        agcttcgac ggaaaggtc aatggaggt taaaattga 
        aactaccac tgcgttttt ggttaatgt agatgacga 
        agatgccac gacggtttc caatgaaga aacaactac 
        tcaagtgta aatcaactg gaatttagt gatgaattt 
        gttaaataa aaatagaat gaatgtttt atattgttt 
        ggataattg taaacaaaa tgttaatga caaccaaag 
        ttccctcgt acattaaga aatcgtatt tatagtcat 
        taaccataa tcaaatcac catgtgact taagagttc 
        cttacaagt taacaaaat tcatctcac ctcaaaatt 
        acacggaag attgagatt tttattata aatttatta 
        acagccgat catcttcac caacgcaat aaatttaca 
        aaattaaat gtatggttt agtgcatta tttgtttaa 
        cctggtcaa gaaaattaa aataaagtt tttctaatc 
        tt
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY