Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC015384 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 127916..129108
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015384
    iBeetle screen iB_05808

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    mature egg deposition blocked number 1st lateral oviduct: 3 number 2nd lateral oviduct: >5 - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    mature egg deposition number 2nd lateral oviduct: 2 number 1st lateral oviduct: blocked - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015384 RA
      MALNGFFDF FQKGKTFRP KKKFTHGTI 
      RYSLHKQAC ASLNSGINL RSAVKLPEG 
      EDLNDWIAV HVVDFFNRI NLIYGTISD 
      YCTEQSCPT MSGGPRFEY LWADGDKYK 
      KPTPLPAKE YISHLMDWI EMQINNQAL 
      FPCTSDLPF PKHFDKHCS KILARLHRV 
      FVHVYIHHF QNIVAISAE AHVNTCYKH 
      FYYFVTEFD LVSQKELEP LAVMASRIC 
      KD
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015384 RA
      atggctcta aacggtttc tttgacttc ttccaaaag 
      ggcaaaact tttaggccc aaaaagaaa ttcactcac 
      ggtaccatt cggtacagt ttacacaaa caagcctgt 
      gcgagcctc aattctggg attaatctc agatcagcg 
      gtaaaactc cccgaaggc gaggattta aacgattgg 
      attgctgtt catgttgtg gattttttc aaccgaatt 
      aacttgatt tatggcacg atttcggac tattgtacc 
      gaacagtcg tgtccgaca atgtcgggg ggtccccga 
      ttcgagtat ttgtgggcc gatggtgat aaatataaa 
      aaaccaaca ccacttccc gccaaagaa tatatcagt 
      catttaatg gactggatt gagatgcaa atcaacaat 
      caggcgtta tttccgtgc acttctgat ctgccattt 
      cccaaacat ttcgataaa cattgtagt aaaattctg 
      gcacggttg catagagtt tttgtacat gtttacatc 
      caccatttt caaaacatc gtcgccatt tctgcggag 
      gcacacgtc aatacgtgc tacaaacat ttttattat 
      ttcgtcact gaatttgat ctagtgagt cagaaggag 
      ttggagcca ttggctgtc atggcttct cgaatttgc 
      aaagattag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015384 RA
      cctataatt tttccaaaa acaaaaatc gtatttatt 
      gaacgaaat ggctctaaa cggtttctt tgacttctt 
      ccaaaaggg caaaacttt taggcccaa aaagaaatt 
      cactcacgg taccattcg gtacagttt acacaaaca 
      agcctgtgc gagcctcaa ttctgggat taatctcag 
      atcagcggt aaaactccc cgaaggcga ggatttaaa 
      cgattggat tgctgttca tgttgtgga ttttttcaa 
      ccgaattaa cttgattta tggcacgat ttcggacta 
      ttgtaccga acagtcgtg tccgacaat gtcgggggg 
      tccccgatt cgagtattt gtgggccga tggtgataa 
      atataaaaa accaacacc acttcccgc caaagaata 
      tatcagtca tttaatgga ctggattga gatgcaaat 
      caacaatca ggcgttatt tccgtgcac ttctgatct 
      gccatttcc caaacattt cgataaaca ttgtagtaa 
      aattctggc acggttgca tagagtttt tgtacatgt 
      ttacatcca ccattttca aaacatcgt cgccatttc 
      tgcggaggc acacgtcaa tacgtgcta caaacattt 
      ttattattt cgtcactga atttgatct agtgagtca 
      gaaggagtt ggagccatt ggctgtcat ggcttctcg 
      aatttgcaa agattagct taagtgtca cgtgattaa 
      tttataatc agggttttt ttaattaat taattaagg 
      ccagtcgtt tactcgggg actgtttta ttatactaa 
      tcggccata tttatatat tgtagttca gtattaatc 
      gactaagtc aataaacaa ccaaagaaa aa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY