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Gene information
General information
TC015238 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 9391855..9396517
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015238
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05784

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015238 RA
      MTEIQEKST DENTDNKNS ITTISSKLS TDQLICKSP 
      QESNSSVKS LEKIIVGGD DGSLLCLGL LQFIFGFLM 
      VVFGGLVLQ YDASLSQLG AGIWAGCLA MATGIVGIL 
      ASAREWCPL KSTPQKITH TIFLALSLV SLAISQLVV 
      ALAATGSAR DINNSEFDE EVEVATTPV PPGKISIIL 
      PVNYMSIVS NLGLLAVSV AEFVVAAVA SYRSSRILC 
      PCFRKKGEF VEDLNAQRN ALVSSWLGK HSPPPLYVV 
      AAPASTLGK GSKASGGLP VPVFALPHH QMVPPRAVP 
      YPLIPAPLG TIPSPIIPP DRDLLRRKK KHFYSRCPP 
      RDRARSKSK SKEKSVTEE DVVRTYTGL DKAIAEEFI 
      DICDSRNVS LCSDESCTS SCQRSCNGC NISDGASRE 
      YLVNNSKT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015238 RA
      atgacggaa atacaagag aaaagtacc gacgaaaac 
      acggacaat aaaaattcg ataaccacc atctcctcg 
      aaattgtcc accgaccag ctcatctgc aaatcgccc 
      caagagtcg aacagttcg gtgaagtcc ttggagaag 
      atcatcgtc gggggtgac gatggctcc ttgctgtgt 
      ctggggttg ctccagttc atcttcggg tttctgatg 
      gtggttttt ggggggttg gtgctgcag tatgatgcc 
      agcttgtcg cagctgggg gccggcatc tgggccggt 
      tgcctcgcc atggccacc ggaatcgtg ggcattctc 
      gcctcggcc cgcgagtgg tgccccctc aaatccacc 
      ccccagaaa atcacccac acgattttc ctggccctg 
      agcctggtc agcttggcc atctcgcag ctggtggtg 
      gcccttgcc gccacaggc agcgcccgg gacatcaac 
      aattcggag ttcgacgaa gaagtggag gtggccacg 
      actccggta ccacccgga aaaatctcg attatcctc 
      ccggtgaac tacatgagc attgtgtcc aacctgggg 
      cttttggcc gtttcggtg gccgagttc gtggtggcg 
      gcggtggcg tcgtatcga agctcgagg atcctgtgt 
      ccttgcttc cggaagaaa ggggagttt gtggaggat 
      ttaaacgcg caaagaaat gccttggtc agctcctgg 
      ttggggaaa cacagtccg ccgccactg tatgtggtg 
      gcggcgcca gcctcgact ctgggaaag ggcagcaag 
      gcatccggt ggtttaccg gtaccagtt ttcgcgcta 
      ccgcaccat cagatggta ccgccgcgg gcggttccc 
      tatccgctg atccccgcg ccgctgggc accatccca 
      tcgcccatt atcccaccg gatagggat ttattgcgc 
      aggaaaaag aagcatttt tactcgagg tgcccgccg 
      cgtgaccgc gcgcggtcc aagtcgaag tcgaaggag 
      aaatcagtg actgaagaa gacgtcgtg aggacctat 
      acagggctt gacaaggca attgctgag gaattcatt 
      gacatttgc gactcgaga aatgtcagc ctgtgcagc 
      gacgagagt tgcacaagc agttgtcaa aggagttgt 
      aatgggtgt aatatcagc gatggcgcc tcgagggaa 
      tatttagtt aacaacagt aaaacataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015238 RA
      tgatagatg aagagagca gacataaca aagcaaaat 
      cttgctctt aagacagtc gcggaccga tcctcaacg 
      cgcgcgttc aaaccccga gtattatgt gaaccgatc 
      agtgattta acgtgcatc acaatgatg agaaaattg 
      cttaactag aacaaaatt gtgcaaaaa tgacggaaa 
      tacaagaga aaagtaccg acgaaaaca cggacaata 
      aaaattcga taaccacca tctcctcga aattgtcca 
      ccgaccagc tcatctgca aatcgcccc aagagtcga 
      acagttcgg tgaagtcct tggagaaga tcatcgtcg 
      ggggtgacg atggctcct tgctgtgtc tggggttgc 
      tccagttca tcttcgggt ttctgatgg tggtttttg 
      gggggttgg tgctgcagt atgatgcca gcttgtcgc 
      agctggggg ccggcatct gggccggtt gcctcgcca 
      tggccaccg gaatcgtgg gcattctcg cctcggccc 
      gcgagtggt gccccctca aatccaccc cccagaaaa 
      tcacccaca cgattttcc tggccctga gcctggtca 
      gcttggcca tctcgcagc tggtggtgg cccttgccg 
      ccacaggca gcgcccggg acatcaaca attcggagt 
      tcgacgaag aagtggagg tggccacga ctccggtac 
      cacccggaa aaatctcga ttatcctcc cggtgaact 
      acatgagca ttgtgtcca acctggggc ttttggccg 
      tttcggtgg ccgagttcg tggtggcgg cggtggcgt 
      cgtatcgaa gctcgagga tcctgtgtc cttgcttcc 
      ggaagaaag gggagtttg tggaggatt taaacgcgc 
      aaagaaatg ccttggtca gctcctggt tggggaaac 
      acagtccgc cgccactgt atgtggtgg cggcgccag 
      cctcgactc tgggaaagg gcagcaagg catccggtg 
      gtttaccgg taccagttt tcgcgctac cgcaccatc 
      agatggtac cgccgcggg cggttccct atccgctga 
      tccccgcgc cgctgggca ccatcccat cgcccatta 
      tcccaccgg atagggatt tattgcgca ggaaaaaga 
      agcattttt actcgaggt gcccgccgc gtgaccgcg 
      cgcggtcca agtcgaagt cgaaggaga aatcagtga 
      ctgaagaag acgtcgtga ggacctata cagggcttg 
      acaaggcaa ttgctgagg aattcattg acatttgcg 
      actcgagaa atgtcagcc tgtgcagcg acgagagtt 
      gcacaagca gttgtcaaa ggagttgta atgggtgta 
      atatcagcg atggcgcct cgagggaat atttagtta 
      acaacagta aaacataaa agatgaaat cgttcaaat 
      gtttaacat actgagctt tgaagaaac ttatttaca 
      gatttttct gaactgtat ttaatgaaa taattgtat 
      aaatgtgtg atatgttgt gaataacgt ttataaata 
      atgattatt aaaagcgtt aaaaacac
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY