Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC015208 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 1479915..1480926
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015208
    iBeetle screen iB_05777

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015208 RA
      MSLFFPDAM GENDDDNSE LSDQARFLT 
      KGAFLLTPS HDLSLDKAA NICDKLNFR 
      GSFSLTKTA TGILFKFSD PEDFQQVFR 
      KGFHRVTGG RLYRKVNIP CRPQKTFSM 
      LVHEVPIDL PEDDIRASL YRYSSVVEV 
      TRVSPKLDQ APGTPNPIR VTVASLDEY 
      NQLLQQGLD FYGATYFPT EPLKKDQLR 
      GSKEKLLPV FDSAGFTRL PAPASRLLK 
      PSRP
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015208 RA
      atgtctttg ttcttccct gacgcgatg ggcgagaac 
      gacgacgat aacagtgaa ctgagcgac caggcaagg 
      ttcctaacc aagggggcc ttcctgtta acaccatcg 
      cacgactta agcctggac aaggcggcc aacatttgc 
      gataaactc aacttcaga ggaagcttt agtctgacc 
      aagaccgca acgggaatc ctcttcaaa ttctccgat 
      cctgaggat ttccagcaa gttttccgc aaaggcttc 
      caccgagtg accggagga cgcttgtac cgaaaagtc 
      aacattccg tgccgaccc cagaaaacc ttctcgatg 
      ctggtgcac gaggtgccc atcgacctg cccgaagac 
      gacatccgc gccagtcta taccgatac tcctcagtg 
      gtcgaagtg acgcgagtg tccccgaag ctggaccaa 
      gccccaggt accccgaac ccgatccgg gtgaccgta 
      gcctccctt gacgagtac aaccaactg cttcagcag 
      ggattagat ttttacgga gcgacgtat tttccgacc 
      gagccgttg aaaaaagac caactaaga ggaagcaaa 
      gagaagctg ttaccggtc ttcgattcg gctggattt 
      acacgatta ccggcacca gcgagtcgt cttttgaaa 
      ccgtcacga ccatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015208 RA
      cccaaaaaa actatgttg gcaccagtg caacatgtc 
      tttgttctt ccctgacgc gatgggcga gaacgacga 
      cgataacag tgaactgag cgaccaggc aaggttcct 
      aaccaaggg ggccttcct gttaacacc atcgcacga 
      cttaagcct ggacaaggc ggccaacat ttgcgataa 
      actcaactt cagaggaag ctttagtct gaccaagac 
      cgcaacggg aatcctctt caaattctc cgatcctga 
      ggatttcca gcaagtttt ccgcaaagg cttccaccg 
      agtgaccgg aggacgctt gtaccgaaa agtcaacat 
      tccgtgccg accccagaa aaccttctc gatgctggt 
      gcacgaggt gcccatcga cctgcccga agacgacat 
      ccgcgccag tctataccg atactcctc agtggtcga 
      agtgacgcg agtgtcccc gaagctgga ccaagcccc 
      aggtacccc gaacccgat ccgggtgac cgtagcctc 
      ccttgacga gtacaacca actgcttca gcagggatt 
      agattttta cggagcgac gtattttcc gaccgagcc 
      gttgaaaaa agaccaact aagaggaag caaagagaa 
      gctgttacc ggtcttcga ttcggctgg atttacacg 
      attaccggc accagcgag tcgtctttt gaaaccgtc 
      acgaccatg aagcgcacg ttttaacta ctgttttgg 
      ttgtcgctg tatcaatgc acgttttaa aaaataaac 
      catttattg ctacataat cctcgcata ttaaaaata 
      atgaggccg caactaaca atgaaaact cgacgaata 
      cgaatccgg ctcgagaaa agcgtaact taatctttt 
      aattataat tttgaataa tgggactta tttaggggc 
      cgacttgag agcctggcg aaaattcac ggatacgag 
      atggttcta aataaaaaa catacaacg tt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY