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Gene information
General information
TC009497 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 251312..253056
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009497
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05726

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 100.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 10 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009497 RA
      MRSPLWSVT PFRSYCSDL ARNISTERT FVDRRGLAA 
      SVPKCLSTQ GPDLCSLSS TASVFLLHQ GKYGEKKEF 
      YKEMSLLQF IDRLLSKRA VVFMGPVDQ YLLLNKTSG 
      SGRWETIGT SSETPPLVL ENCLSYDEI KLSALLSVS 
      SFSYFINNG DRNNMGYFE ANRSRVEEN GVIIGVIGP 
      RLDKSTVME YREVVICKE QNTSCYGYG PSEEPTLQQ 
      EFLKFYGSV NGTYDKVLE QIGSHPEQY LELGRGKYF 
      DRLMYEKRL ALSIDTLLI EANYRAKQK NKMAYVHVV 
      GLGLGVWKI THQQNKIFM DTFAQRLEL LGDELKHIS 
      DELKHISDV RFAYIHETS AGKYSNGDK IKGITLHMI 
      DKNPQEKLA GDDEGKKVN CW
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009497 RA
      atgagaagt ccgttatgg tccgttact ccgttccgt 
      tcgtactgt tccgacctc gctcgcaac atttcgact 
      gagcgaaca tttgtagac cggcggggc ctagccgct 
      agtgttcca aagtgcctg tccacacag ggtccagac 
      ctctgctca ctctcaagc accgcttct gttttcctg 
      ctgcatcag gggaagtac ggggagaag aaggagttt 
      tacaaagag atgtcgctg ttgcagttt attgatagg 
      ttgttgagt aaacgggcg gttgtgttc atggggcct 
      gtggaccag tatttactt ttgaacaaa acaagtggt 
      tcaggccgg tgggaaaca attgggaca agtagcgaa 
      acgccgcct ctagtattg gaaaactgt ctcagttac 
      gatgaaata aaattatcg gcgttattg tcagtctcc 
      tcgtttagt tactttatc aataatggg gaccgcaat 
      aatatgggc tactttgag gcaaatcgg agcagagtt 
      gaggagaat ggggtgata attggggtg attggcccc 
      agacttgat aaatctacg gtaatggag taccgcgag 
      gttgtcatt tgcaaggaa caaaacact agttgctat 
      ggatacggc ccgtcagaa gagccaacc ttgcagcag 
      gaatttttg aaattttac ggcagtgtg aatgggact 
      tatgataag gttttggaa caaatcggg tcacatcct 
      gagcaatat ttggaatta ggaagaggc aaatatttc 
      gatcggttg atgtacgag aaacgactc gctttatcg 
      attgatact cttctaatc gaagcaaat tatcgagcg 
      aaacagaaa aataaaatg gcatatgtg cacgttgta 
      ggcctcggt ctgggcgta tggaaaata acccaccaa 
      caaaacaaa atttttatg gacacgttc gcccaacgg 
      ctcgagcta ctgggcgat gagttgaaa cacatcagc 
      gatgagttg aaacacatc agcgatgtc cgtttcgcc 
      tacattcac gaaacttcc gcggggaag tactcaaac 
      ggtgacaaa atcaaggga atcacacta cacatgatc 
      gataaaaat ccccaggag aaacttgca ggggacgac 
      gaaggtaaa aaggtaaac tgttggtag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009497 RA
      tgccaaatt aaaaactgc actaaactg tttttggca 
      cacacaaca tttgatatc tttccctga catcttttg 
      aaattcaaa actgccgat gcaagtcaa tgcaattta 
      acatttcaa gtttcaaga ccactttag aacttttaa 
      cacagactt aaccagccc agctgaaat gagaagtcc 
      gttatggtc cgttactcc gttccgttc gtactgttc 
      cgacctcgc tcgcaacat ttcgactga gcgaacatt 
      tgtagaccg gcggggcct agccgctag tgttccaaa 
      gtgcctgtc cacacaggg tccagacct ctgctcact 
      ctcaagcac cgcttctgt tttcctgct gcatcaggg 
      gaagtacgg ggagaagaa ggagtttta caaagagat 
      gtcgctgtt gcagtttat tgataggtt gttgagtaa 
      acgggcggt tgtgttcat ggggcctgt ggaccagta 
      tttactttt gaacaaaac aagtggttc aggccggtg 
      ggaaacaat tgggacaag tagcgaaac gccgcctct 
      agtattgga aaactgtct cagttacga tgaaataaa 
      attatcggc gttattgtc agtctcctc gtttagtta 
      ctttatcaa taatgggga ccgcaataa tatgggcta 
      ctttgaggc aaatcggag cagagttga ggagaatgg 
      ggtgataat tggggtgat tggccccag acttgataa 
      atctacggt aatggagta ccgcgaggt tgtcatttg 
      caaggaaca aaacactag ttgctatgg atacggccc 
      gtcagaaga gccaacctt gcagcagga atttttgaa 
      attttacgg cagtgtgaa tgggactta tgataaggt 
      tttggaaca aatcgggtc acatcctga gcaatattt 
      ggaattagg aagaggcaa atatttcga tcggttgat 
      gtacgagaa acgactcgc tttatcgat tgatactct 
      tctaatcga agcaaatta tcgagcgaa acagaaaaa 
      taaaatggc atatgtgca cgttgtagg cctcggtct 
      gggcgtatg gaaaataac ccaccaaca aaacaaaat 
      ttttatgga cacgttcgc ccaacggct cgagctact 
      gggcgatga gttgaaaca catcagcga tgagttgaa 
      acacatcag cgatgtccg tttcgccta cattcacga 
      aacttccgc ggggaagta ctcaaacgg tgacaaaat 
      caagggaat cacactaca catgatcga taaaaatcc 
      ccaggagaa acttgcagg ggacgacga aggtaaaaa 
      ggtaaactg ttggtagta tcgtatccc tgggatggc 
      aatgcgttg cctggcaac gaattctgg atgggaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY