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Gene information
General information
TC033135
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC014344
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 9438211..9440077
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033135
    iBeetle screen iB_05613

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033135 RA
      MDKAQITLN SNDVKQENN VVAKKEKLP DVDTHKAGL 
      ANFRAILFL LLWYFFSGC TLFLNKYIL TFLNGNPTV 
      LGACQMLMT ATCGFVQLY FPCGMYKPS QRLSKPPGF 
      YRHMVLVGC TRFLTVVLG LVALNYVAV SFTETIKSS 
      APLFTVLIS RFLLGEQTG LYVNLSLLP VMSGLALCS 
      INEISFEIR GFIAAMATN LTECIQNVY SKMLISGDK 
      FKYTPAELQ FYTSIASVV IQVPATLFL VDFTHSKPI 
      DLNIIFCFM LNGVFFHFQ SITAYVLMD YISPVTHSV 
      ANTAKRALL IWLSVVMFG NQVTVLSAV GTITVIAGV 
      FMYIKAQEY DDRLSSVNL IQRKVRAI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033135 RA
      atggataaa gctcaaatc acgctaaac tcgaatgat 
      gtgaaacag gagaacaat gtagtcgcc aaaaaggag 
      aaactgcct gatgtggac acccacaaa gccggactt 
      gctaatttc agagcgata cttttcctg cttttgtgg 
      tactttttc agtggttgc actttgttt ttaaataag 
      tatattttg acgttcctg aatggaaac cccactgtc 
      ttaggagca tgtcagatg ctgatgacg gccacttgt 
      ggctttgtg caattgtac ttcccttgt gggatgtat 
      aaaccgtcc caaaggttg agcaaacca cctgggttt 
      tacaggcat atggttttg gttgggtgc acaagattt 
      ctcactgtg gttttgggt ttggtagct ctaaattac 
      gtggcagtg agttttact gaaacaatc aaaagttcg 
      gcaccttta tttacagta ttgatatct aggtttctt 
      ctaggcgag caaacgggg ctctatgtg aatctgagt 
      ctgttgcct gtgatgtct ggattagcc ctgtgttca 
      attaatgag attagtttt gaaattcgt ggctttata 
      gctgcaatg gccacaaac ttgactgaa tgtatacaa 
      aatgtgtat tcaaaaatg ttaatatcg ggagataag 
      ttcaaatac acacctgca gagcttcaa ttttacacc 
      agcatcgca agtgtagtt atccaagtt ccagccaca 
      ttgttttta gtagatttc acccacagc aagccgatt 
      gacttgaac ataattttt tgtttcatg ttgaatggt 
      gtttttttc cactttcag agcataaca gcgtacgtt 
      ttaatggac tatattagt ccggtgacc cacagtgtg 
      gcaaacaca gcaaaaagg gctctttta atctggctg 
      tctgtcgtc atgtttgga aaccaagtt acagtgttg 
      agtgctgta ggaaccata actgtgata gcgggagta 
      tttatgtac atcaaggcc caggaatat gacgaccga 
      ttgagttct gttaattta attcagagg aaggttcgt 
      gcaatttag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033135 RA
      tgcacctag aataaataa aaagtgata aattgagtg 
      tgtttatta tacttggca acccagcac caccccagt 
      catctgttc ctgacacta gtgacagta catgggttt 
      ggaggttaa gttcaaatc atcagtgtt ctgcttttt 
      gtgaactga cgtgtaaag tgaatgttt tcaaacaat 
      gaattaaca attgcttgg cctttgtgc aaaaaattg 
      acttagatc aactgcaac tccccacct gtgtgacag 
      caatgatct ttagataag tttgttcag aagatggat 
      aaagctcaa atcacgcta aactcgaat gatgtgaaa 
      caggagaac aatgtagtc gccaaaaag gagaaactg 
      cctgatgtg gacacccac aaagccgga cttgctaat 
      ttcagagcg atacttttc ctgcttttg tggtacttt 
      ttcagtggt tgcactttg tttttaaat aagtatatt 
      ttgacgttc ctgaatgga aaccccact gtcttagga 
      gcatgtcag atgctgatg acggccact tgtggcttt 
      gtgcaattg tacttccct tgtgggatg tataaaccg 
      tcccaaagg ttgagcaaa ccacctggg ttttacagg 
      catatggtt ttggttggg tgcacaaga tttctcact 
      gtggttttg ggtttggta gctctaaat tacgtggca 
      gtgagtttt actgaaaca atcaaaagt tcggcacct 
      ttatttaca gtattgata tctaggttt cttctaggc 
      gagcaaacg gggctctat gtgaatctg agtctgttg 
      cctgtgatg tctggatta gccctgtgt tcaattaat 
      gagattagt tttgaaatt cgtggcttt atagctgca 
      atggccaca aacttgact gaatgtata caaaatgtg 
      tattcaaaa atgttaata tcgggagat aagttcaaa 
      tacacacct gcagagctt caattttac accagcatc 
      gcaagtgta gttatccaa gttccagcc acattgttt 
      ttagtagat ttcacccac agcaagccg attgacttg 
      aacataatt ttttgtttc atgttgaat ggtgttttt 
      ttccacttt cagagcata acagcgtac gttttaatg 
      gactatatt agtccggtg acccacagt gtggcaaac 
      acagcaaaa agggctctt ttaatctgg ctgtctgtc 
      gtcatgttt ggaaaccaa gttacagtg ttgagtgct 
      gtaggaacc ataactgtg atagcggga gtatttatg 
      tacatcaag gcccaggaa tatgacgac cgattgagt 
      tctgttaat ttaattcag aggaaggtt cgtgcaatt 
      taggaaatt tggaataaa ttaatgtca attttgaga 
      aatcttcca caaattgat tggttgttg taagacagg 
      gtccaaatt ttgtttcaa aatattcgc tggctcaat 
      ttgcataac ttgatgtat ttttaccat tatttattt 
      tatttattt aataataaa gtgaggttt tatggttgt 
      gtaaatttg caatattta aggatactt tgtaacatt 
      ccgtgaaaa tgtacatat tgtaactac atttttata 
      ctgtaaatt gtttatagt attgatgat taaattgtt 
      gatttatat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY