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Gene information
General information
TC014259 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 8082539..8083907
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC014259
      iBeetle screen iB_05596

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC014259 RA
        MGGQESKIE QPPTQDEER QEEPQNVST PSTPILTPL 
        DPRSPSANI ARTPLELIL NSKTIENTP KVIESEPED 
        AVNVVLGID PRSPTVEFN RTPIIVGAV TKEKQPKVL 
        KNKNLDNVR KSEIQTTPV AVERKSVVP PKLLSTSPV 
        SLVTNYKRK SFVGLLETN VDFTETDLD TVQANLNAS 
        LPVEIPEDL PSNKLKSQM ESLQLDCTK LNEEASEPK 
        LADEKEINV TAQVKDFDK KLTSLIYED ESEDDNKLT 
        LRLAKLREN NRTPLSDRN SNENNKKVV NRLRVSDKP 
        RKSESRIPV LKDNQRRVS VQCENTPPM NMRSKIPHW 
        DADKTLII
      CDS sequence
      • >TC014259 RA
        atgggtggc caagagagc aaaatcgag cagcctcca 
        actcaagac gaagagcgg caagaggag ccccaaaac 
        gtgagcaca ccatctacc cccatttta acccctttg 
        gatccacga tcacctagt gctaacatt gctcggaca 
        cctctcgag ctaattctg aacagtaaa accattgaa 
        aacacacct aaggtcatt gaaagtgaa cctgaagac 
        gctgtgaat gtggttttg ggtattgac ccgcgttcc 
        ccgactgtg gagttcaac aggacccct ataattgtg 
        ggggctgtc actaaggag aagcaacca aaagttttg 
        aaaaataaa aatttggat aacgtccgc aagtccgaa 
        attcagaca actcccgtg gctgttgaa cgcaaatca 
        gttgtgcca cctaagctt ctgagcact agtccagtt 
        tcattagtt accaactac aagagaaag tcttttgtt 
        gggcttctt gaaactaat gttgatttt acagagact 
        gacttggac actgtccaa gctaactta aatgcaagc 
        ttgcctgtt gagatacct gaagacttg ccgtctaac 
        aagctcaaa agccaaatg gagagtttg cagttagac 
        tgtacaaaa ttaaacgag gaagcatca gagccaaaa 
        cttgcagat gagaaagaa attaatgtc acagctcaa 
        gtgaaggat ttcgataaa aaactcaca agtttgatt 
        tatgaagat gagagtgaa gatgacaat aaactcact 
        ctgagactg gcgaagctt agggaaaac aaccgcacg 
        cctctgagc gaccgaaat tccaatgaa aacaataaa 
        aaggtggta aatagatta agagttagt gataagcca 
        aggaagtct gagagtaga attccagtt ttgaaagac 
        aatcagcga cgagttagc gtccagtgt gagaacact 
        cctccaatg aacatgcgt tctaaaata ccgcactgg 
        gatgcagac aagaccctg attatttaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC014259 RA
        tgaaagcaa agatagcat cacaaaccc gctaattat 
        cgaaaatta attaattta ttaattttt tgatggtga 
        atttcgtgc tgtcacgtt ggcagcaca atatctaac 
        ggttttgtt ttgttttgc ccaacttga atttaaatg 
        cccgttttc ttgttggtg ttcttgtaa aaaacagtg 
        attaaaact tgaaggtga taaaataat cgcaatttt 
        gaacaatgg gtggccaag agagcaaaa tcgagcagc 
        ctccaactc aagacgaag agcggcaag aggagcccc 
        aaaacgtga gcacaccat ctaccccca ttttaaccc 
        ctttggatc cacgatcac ctagtgcta acattgctc 
        ggacacctc tcgagctaa ttctgaaca gtaaaacca 
        ttgaaaaca cacctaagg tcattgaaa gtgaacctg 
        aagacgctg tgaatgtgg ttttgggta ttgacccgc 
        gttccccga ctgtggagt tcaacagga cccctataa 
        ttgtggggg ctgtcacta aggagaagc aaccaaaag 
        ttttgaaaa ataaaaatt tggataacg tccgcaagt 
        ccgaaattc agacaactc ccgtggctg ttgaacgca 
        aatcagttg tgccaccta agcttctga gcactagtc 
        cagtttcat tagttacca actacaaga gaaagtctt 
        ttgttgggc ttcttgaaa ctaatgttg attttacag 
        agactgact tggacactg tccaagcta acttaaatg 
        caagcttgc ctgttgaga tacctgaag acttgccgt 
        ctaacaagc tcaaaagcc aaatggaga gtttgcagt 
        tagactgta caaaattaa acgaggaag catcagagc 
        caaaacttg cagatgaga aagaaatta atgtcacag 
        ctcaagtga aggatttcg ataaaaaac tcacaagtt 
        tgatttatg aagatgaga gtgaagatg acaataaac 
        tcactctga gactggcga agcttaggg aaaacaacc 
        gcacgcctc tgagcgacc gaaattcca atgaaaaca 
        ataaaaagg tggtaaata gattaagag ttagtgata 
        agccaagga agtctgaga gtagaattc cagttttga 
        aagacaatc agcgacgag ttagcgtcc agtgtgaga 
        acactcctc caatgaaca tgcgttcta aaataccgc 
        actgggatg cagacaaga ccctgatta tttaattac 
        aattttcgt gttccccat tttttactt taatagaat 
        tgtgctttt tgtaagcta agtcgtgtg tatatttct 
        gtctcgatt aaagccagt gttacatg
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY