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Gene information
General information
TC013844 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 3240556..3250783
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013844
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05511

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    larva dorsal irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013844 RA
      MQEYYDYPE NNQNHTNLP SSITVEIVP 
      SVKQETVII STEAARNML SESVEQEEQ 
      LEKGMEPNA GVHFLTDDE CALMADNYE 
      KKKNELLEY LTRHDGSVV CKLCGEVLA 
      SRTHWYRHK YKLHVNNLV NPAPLFKCT 
      HCNVFFKSR KGYMGHISA RHSENMEQH 
      EELNISIKE EVVETSEPP KTKKKEGKS 
      ADWEEQRVK EEKLVADII DRVRRECEA 
      QGAAVSRRG YSRRSTVMN SCN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013844 RA
      atgcaggaa tactacgac taccccgaa aataaccaa 
      aaccacact aacctaccc tcgtccata accgtggag 
      atcgtcccc tccgtgaag caggaaacg gtgataatt 
      tcgacggag gccgcgcgt aacatgctt agcgagtcc 
      gtcgagcag gaggagcag ctcgagaag gggatggaa 
      cccaacgct ggggtgcac tttttgacg gacgatgag 
      tgtgccctc atggccgac aactacgag aagaagaag 
      aacgaactt ttggagtat ttgacgcga cacgatgga 
      agtgttgtt tgtaaactc tgtggtgaa gttctcgcc 
      tcgcgaacg cactggtac agacataag tataagttg 
      catgtgaat aacttggtg aatccggcg cccttgttc 
      aaatgcacg cattgcaac gtgtttttc aagagtcgg 
      aagggctac atggggcac atatcggcg agacactcg 
      gagaacatg gagcagcac gaggagctc aatatcagc 
      atcaaggag gaggtggtg gagacgtcg gagccgccc 
      aaaaccaag aaaaaagag ggcaagtcg gccgactgg 
      gaggagcag cgagtcaag gaggagaag ctggtggcg 
      gatataatc gaccgagtc cggcgcgag tgcgaggcc 
      cagggggct gccgtgagc cggcggggc tacagccgg 
      aggtccacc gtcatgaac tcctgcaat tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013844 RA
      tgctccatt tcactccaa aaaagggca aatagcaac 
      tatatatac agttgcaga aattacaag atgcaggaa 
      tactacgac taccccgaa aataaccaa aaccacact 
      aacctaccc tcgtccata accgtggag atcgtcccc 
      tccgtgaag caggaaacg gtgataatt tcgacggag 
      gccgcgcgt aacatgctt agcgagtcc gtcgagcag 
      gaggagcag ctcgagaag gggatggaa cccaacgct 
      ggggtgcac tttttgacg gacgatgag tgtgccctc 
      atggccgac aactacgag aagaagaag aacgaactt 
      ttggagtat ttgacgcga cacgatgga agtgttgtt 
      tgtaaactc tgtggtgaa gttctcgcc tcgcgaacg 
      cactggtac agacataag tataagttg catgtgaat 
      aacttggtg aatccggcg cccttgttc aaatgcacg 
      cattgcaac gtgtttttc aagagtcgg aagggctac 
      atggggcac atatcggcg agacactcg gagaacatg 
      gagcagcac gaggagctc aatatcagc atcaaggag 
      gaggtggtg gagacgtcg gagccgccc aaaaccaag 
      aaaaaagag ggcaagtcg gccgactgg gaggagcag 
      cgagtcaag gaggagaag ctggtggcg gatataatc 
      gaccgagtc cggcgcgag tgcgaggcc cagggggct 
      gccgtgagc cggcggggc tacagccgg aggtccacc 
      gtcatgaac tcctgcaat tagggctgg aagccgccg 
      aaatcgcaa caccaaggc accgccccg caataatct 
      tgcaatgaa agagtgatt tcctctctg tccaattgt 
      tttgtatgt acatagtta tgaaagctc aactgaaaa 
      cgtgatttt ccgatgcca aattctgtt acagtgcaa 
      ctttgttat tcgcacttt ttgttagga attctttgc 
      tcaattctt taactcgga ttttcaaag gaatgggga 
      acttgagaa tgccatttt cctcgcaag cgatataaa 
      tttaacgac gaaagagga atcctttga ccgagcgag 
      atacaaaga accagaaat ggtggagga ttaatttga 
      attattgca gatttcggg taaaaaaac taaattttt 
      tgcaaaata atggcggag gaatagtca ctgactgtt 
      ccatcagtg gaacgaatt aattcagca tttcgcttg 
      atattttgc gtccccgaa accaattaa cttttttct 
      ctcttaata aaactggtc atttttacg atcgagcag 
      ttgtttaca agcaatttt tcaacattt ccattttgc 
      acatgaatt tttccagaa atgatcatt ccaagtgtt 
      gttattaaa ttttttcgt tctattttt gtcggagcg 
      ggcgtatgt tttatttat tatctcgca aactcgggt 
      catattgaa agttcccca ttccgacaa agtcttcgt 
      tttgttgaa actttgtgc caaatatga cgtaccttt 
      cccgaagat tactttttt gagacccct ttcgagata 
      taagatatt gtaaaaatc atattttta atatcatgt 
      agagtataa aaaacaata attcttcct ctcatgtaa 
      agtttcctg tctttaaag tctgatgaa agtgatgaa 
      atactatat tttactcgt agttgtagt ggcgttacg 
      gtttttttc agggtcggt tttgtgtcc cagttcact 
      gtgtacttg acaaaattt tattatgta caatagtgt 
      catgtaaaa ttatgtgtt gacttcgat tttgatcca 
      ataaaattt taaaagttc c
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY