Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC013723 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 5337080..5376698
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (2) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013723
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

    • {{ goTerm.term }}
      ({{ goTerm.evidence }}){{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }}
      {{goTerm.showAll ? '[-]' : '[+]'}}
      Status: {{ goTerm.status }}
      Evidence: {{ goTerm.evidence }} ({{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }})
      Reference: {{ goTerm.referenceText }}
      Quotation: {{ goTerm.quotation }}
      Submitter: {{ goTerm.name }}

    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
    {{ blurIdResult }}
    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
    {{ blurEvidenceResult }}
    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
    {{ blurReferenceResult }}
    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      {{ unavailableText }}

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05484

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    larva segment partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 62.5% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Adult morphology
    legs pretarsus irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 6

    Comment: Just one claw is present.

    Fertility
    egg production: number <50% of expected -
    mature egg deposition 2 number 2nd lateral oviduct: number 1st lateral oviduct: blocked - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013723 RA
      MHSMNDPTS ALAGMLPFE SIGLYEQPK 
      PRFIFKMPR VVPDQKSKF ESDELFRRL 
      SRESEVRYT GYRDRPQEE RQVRFQNAC 
      REGHTEIAF AATGTNLQL VFTPPTTGY 
      MPDKECDFD KEPGKVHIK SSFIMNGVC 
      VRWRGWLDL ERLDGVGCL EYCEERAAQ 
      EDALLREQI ERYNQRLRE FEDKQRGYR 
      QQDRPEQDL ELRMSTNLH GHHGHHGPV 
      SARCHGPPR SERRMT
    • >TC013723 RB
      MHSMNDPTS ALAGMLPFE SIGLYEQPK 
      PRFIFKMPR VVPDQKSKF ESDELFRRL 
      SRESEVRYT GYRDRPQEE RQVRFQNAC 
      REGHTEIAF AATGTNLQL VFTPPTTGY 
      MPDKECDFD KEPGKVHIK SSFIMNGVC 
      VRWRGWLDL ERLDGVGCL EYCEERAAQ 
      EDALLREQI ERYNQRLRE FEDKQRGYR 
      QQDRPEQDL EVRVGGALH QRNYMKLY
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013723 RA
      atgcactcg atgaacgac cccacgtcg gccctcgcg 
      gggatgctg ccctttgag tccatcgga ctgtatgag 
      cagcccaag cccaggttc attttcaag atgccccgg 
      gtggtgccc gaccaaaag agcaaattc gagtccgac 
      gagctcttc aggaggctg agcagggag agtgaggtg 
      cggtacacc ggctaccgg gaccggcct caggaggag 
      cgccaggtg cgcttccag aacgcctgc agggaagga 
      cacacggag atcgccttc gcagccacc ggcaccaac 
      ctacagtta gttttcaca ccgcctacc accggatat 
      atgcccgat aaggagtgc gattttgac aaagaacca 
      ggcaaggtg cacatcaag tcctcgttc atcatgaac 
      ggcgtctgc gtgagatgg cggggttgg ctggacctg 
      gagcgcctc gacggcgtc ggctgcctg gagtactgc 
      gaggagcgg gccgctcag gaggacgcc ctcctgcgg 
      gagcagatc gagaggtac aaccagagg ctgcgggag 
      ttcgaggac aagcagagg gggtacagg cagcaggac 
      cggcctgag caagaccta gagttgcgg atgtcgacc 
      aatctgcac ggacaccac ggccaccat gggcccgtc 
      tctgcccgc tgccacggc ccgccgagg agcgagcgc 
      cgaatgact taa
    • >TC013723 RB
      atgcactcg atgaacgac cccacgtcg gccctcgcg 
      gggatgctg ccctttgag tccatcgga ctgtatgag 
      cagcccaag cccaggttc attttcaag atgccccgg 
      gtggtgccc gaccaaaag agcaaattc gagtccgac 
      gagctcttc aggaggctg agcagggag agtgaggtg 
      cggtacacc ggctaccgg gaccggcct caggaggag 
      cgccaggtg cgcttccag aacgcctgc agggaagga 
      cacacggag atcgccttc gcagccacc ggcaccaac 
      ctacagtta gttttcaca ccgcctacc accggatat 
      atgcccgat aaggagtgc gattttgac aaagaacca 
      ggcaaggtg cacatcaag tcctcgttc atcatgaac 
      ggcgtctgc gtgagatgg cggggttgg ctggacctg 
      gagcgcctc gacggcgtc ggctgcctg gagtactgc 
      gaggagcgg gccgctcag gaggacgcc ctcctgcgg 
      gagcagatc gagaggtac aaccagagg ctgcgggag 
      ttcgaggac aagcagagg gggtacagg cagcaggac 
      cggcctgag caagaccta gaggtacgt gtcgggggc 
      gccctccac cagaggaac tacatgaag ctgtattag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013723 RA
      tgttttaaa gaccagatt tcacaaata ctttacata 
      attttttat gggtacttt gaaattccc caacgccag 
      cccccggag tccggactc ggatttagt actgctctg 
      gctttagca aagtgaggt tgtagtcgc gtctgtttg 
      tgaaatgca ctcgatgaa cgaccccac gtcggccct 
      cgcggggat gctgccctt tgagtccat cggactgta 
      tgagcagcc caagcccag gttcatttt caagatgcc 
      ccgggtggt gcccgacca aaagagcaa attcgagtc 
      cgacgagct cttcaggag gctgagcag ggagagtga 
      ggtgcggta caccggcta ccgggaccg gcctcagga 
      ggagcgcca ggtgcgctt ccagaacgc ctgcaggga 
      aggacacac ggagatcgc cttcgcagc caccggcac 
      caacctaca gttagtttt cacaccgcc taccaccgg 
      atatatgcc cgataagga gtgcgattt tgacaaaga 
      accaggcaa ggtgcacat caagtcctc gttcatcat 
      gaacggcgt ctgcgtgag atggcgggg ttggctgga 
      cctggagcg cctcgacgg cgtcggctg cctggagta 
      ctgcgagga gcgggccgc tcaggagga cgccctcct 
      gcgggagca gatcgagag gtacaacca gaggctgcg 
      ggagttcga ggacaagca gagggggta caggcagca 
      ggaccggcc tgagcaaga cctagagtt gcggatgtc 
      gaccaatct gcacggaca ccacggcca ccatgggcc 
      cgtctctgc ccgctgcca cggcccgcc gaggagcga 
      gcgccgaat gacttaact gctaggagc caagacctg 
      atgtcgttc ttgtgatat taatttaaa cgttagtgt 
      tattcgtgt atacgacac ccccaaccc tccctccta 
      atttgcccc aatttccaa catatctcg ataaaatcc 
      gttccgaat tacgtgaat tatgtacgc tgtgtccat 
      ataaccaag cagaaaata aaaagcagt gtctctc
    • >TC013723 RB
      tgttttaaa gaccagatt tcacaaata ctttacata 
      attttttat gggtacttt gaaattccc caacgccag 
      cccccggag tccggactc ggatttagt actgctctg 
      gctttagca aagtgaggt tgtagtcgc gtctgtttg 
      tgaaatgca ctcgatgaa cgaccccac gtcggccct 
      cgcggggat gctgccctt tgagtccat cggactgta 
      tgagcagcc caagcccag gttcatttt caagatgcc 
      ccgggtggt gcccgacca aaagagcaa attcgagtc 
      cgacgagct cttcaggag gctgagcag ggagagtga 
      ggtgcggta caccggcta ccgggaccg gcctcagga 
      ggagcgcca ggtgcgctt ccagaacgc ctgcaggga 
      aggacacac ggagatcgc cttcgcagc caccggcac 
      caacctaca gttagtttt cacaccgcc taccaccgg 
      atatatgcc cgataagga gtgcgattt tgacaaaga 
      accaggcaa ggtgcacat caagtcctc gttcatcat 
      gaacggcgt ctgcgtgag atggcgggg ttggctgga 
      cctggagcg cctcgacgg cgtcggctg cctggagta 
      ctgcgagga gcgggccgc tcaggagga cgccctcct 
      gcgggagca gatcgagag gtacaacca gaggctgcg 
      ggagttcga ggacaagca gagggggta caggcagca 
      ggaccggcc tgagcaaga cctagaggt acgtgtcgg 
      gggcgccct ccaccagag gaactacat gaagctgta 
      ttaggttta gtgatactt ggcatgatt aatttttcg 
      tttaatctg tctttttta cctttattt ttgtaaata 
      tttatcgtt gaatgttga cgtaatttt agttacccg 
      attcttatg aatgcaata tgtaaataa acggatttt 
      tcatcc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY